Natural numbers space a component of the number system, including all the confident integers native 1 to infinity. Herbal numbers are likewise called counting numbers due to the fact that they perform not include zero or an adverse numbers. They space a component of genuine numbers consisting of only the hopeful integers, but not zero, fractions, decimals, and an adverse numbers.

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1.Introduction to organic Numbers
2.What Are natural Numbers?
3.Natural Numbers and Whole Numbers
4.Difference in between Natural Numbers and Whole Numbers
5.Natural numbers on Number Line
6.Properties of herbal Numbers
7.FAQs on herbal Numbers

Introduction to organic Numbers

We view numbers everywhere around us, because that counting objects, for representing or exchanging money, for measuring the temperature, informing the time, etc. These numbers that are provided for counting objects are referred to as “natural numbers”. Because that example, if counting objects, us say 5 cups, 6 books, 1 bottle, etc.

What Are natural Numbers?

Natural numbers refer to a set of all the whole numbers not included 0. This numbers are considerably used in our day-to-day tasks and speech.

Natural numbers Definition

Natural numbers room the numbers the are used for counting and also are a component of genuine numbers. The collection of herbal numbers incorporate only the hopeful integers, i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ……….∞.

Examples of herbal Numbers

Natural numbers, additionally known together non-negative integers(all confident integers). Couple of examples incorporate 23, 56, 78, 999, 100202, and also so on.

Set of organic Numbers

A collection is a repertoire of aspects (numbers in this context). The collection of organic numbers in math is composed as 1,2,3,.... The set of herbal numbers is denoted through the symbol, N. N = 1,2,3,4,5,...∞

Statement FormN = collection of every numbers beginning from 1.
Roaster FormN = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, ………………………………
Set Builder FormN = x : x is an integer starting from 1

Smallest organic Number

The smallest natural number is 1. We recognize that the smallest element in N is 1 and also that because that every element in N, we have the right to talk about the next aspect in regards to 1 and also N (which is 1 more than the element). Because that example, two is one more than one, three is one more than two, and also so on.

Natural number from 1 to 100

The natural numbers from 1 come 100 room 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99 and also 100.

Is 0 a herbal Number?

No, 0 is not a herbal number because natural numbers space counting numbers. For counting any variety of objects, we start counting from 1 and not indigenous 0.


Odd herbal Numbers

The odd natural numbers are the numbers that are odd and also belong to the collection N. Therefore the set of odd herbal numbers is 1,3,5,7,....

Even organic Numbers

The even natural numbers space the number that room even, exactly divisible by 2, and also belong come the collection N. Therefore the collection of even natural numbers is 2,4,6,8,....

The set of totality numbers is the same as the set of herbal numbers, except that that includes an additional number which is 0. The set of whole numbers in mathematics is created as 0,1,2,3,.... It is denoted by the letter, W.

W = 0,1,2,3,4…

From the over definitions, we have the right to understand the every natural number is a whole number. Also, every whole number various other than 0 is a organic number. We can say that the collection of natural numbers is a subset of the collection of whole numbers.


Natural numbers space all confident numbers prefer 1, 2, 3, 4, and also so on. They are the number you generally count and also they continue till infinity. Whereas, the totality numbers are all organic numbers consisting of 0, for example, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and so on. Integers incorporate all whole numbers and their negative counterpart. E.g, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0,1, 2, 3, 4 and also so on. The adhering to table mirrors the difference in between a natural number and also a entirety number.

Natural NumberWhole Number
The set of herbal numbers is N= 1,2,3,...∞The set of whole numbers is W=0,1,2,3,...
The smallest natural number is 1.The smallest whole number is 0.
All herbal numbers are entirety numbers, but all totality numbers space not natural numbers.Each totality number is a natural number, except zero.

The set of herbal numbers and whole numbers have the right to be shown on the number heat as given below. Every the confident integers or the integers ~ above the right-hand side of 0, stand for the herbal numbers, whereas, all the confident integers together with zero, represent the totality numbers.


The four operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and also division, on organic numbers, lead to four main properties of organic numbers as shown below:

Closure PropertyAssociative PropertyCommutative PropertyDistributive Property

1. Closure Property:

The sum and also product that two herbal numbers is always a herbal number.

Closure property of Addition: a+b=c ⇒ 1+2=3, 7+8=15. This reflects that the amount of herbal numbers is constantly a herbal number.Closure home of Multiplication: a×b=c ⇒ 2×3=6, 7×8=56, etc. This shows that the product of organic numbers is always a natural number.

So, the set of natural numbers, N is closeup of the door under addition and multiplication but this is not the situation in subtraction and division.

2. Associative Property:

The sum or product of any kind of three organic numbers continues to be the same also if the grouping of numbers is changed.

Associative building of Addition: a+(b+c)=(a+b)+c ⇒ 2+(3+1)=2+4=6 and the same an outcome is obtained in (2+3)+1=5+1=6.Associative residential property of Multiplication: a×(b×c)=(a×b)×c ⇒ 2×(3×1)=2×3=6= and also the same result is derived in (a×b)×c=(2×3)×1=6×1=6.

So, the collection of natural numbers, N is associative under addition and multiplication yet this walk not take place in the instance of subtraction and division.

3. Commutative Property:

The sum or product that two natural numbers stays the same even after interchanging the bespeak of the numbers. The commutative residential or commercial property of N states that: For all a,b∈N: a+b=b+a and also a×b=b×a.

Commutative property of Addition: a+b=b+a ⇒ 8+9=17 and also b+a=9+8=17.Commutative residential property of Multiplication: a×b=b×a ⇒ 8×9=72 and also 9×8=72.

So, the set of herbal numbers, N is commutative under addition and multiplication however not in the case of subtraction and division.Let us summarise these three properties of herbal numbers in a table. So, the collection of herbal numbers, N is commutative under enhancement and multiplication.

OperationClosure PropertyAssociative PropertyCommutative Property

4. Distributive Property:

The distributive residential or commercial property of multiplication over enhancement is a×(b+c)=a×b+a×cThe distributive home of multiplication end subtraction is a×(b−c)=a×b−a×c

To learn more about the properties of organic numbers, click here.

Important Points

0 is no a organic number, the is a entirety number.N is closed, associative, and also commutative under both enhancement and multiplication (but no under subtraction and also division).

☛ associated Articles

Check the end a few more interesting short articles related to organic numbers and also properties.

Example 2: Is N, together a set of organic numbers, closeup of the door under addition and multiplication?


Natural numbers incorporate only the confident integers and also we understand that on including two or more positive integers, we get their amount as a hopeful integer, similarly, when we main point two an unfavorable integers, we get their product as a positive integer. Thus, for any type of two herbal numbers, their sum and the product will certainly be herbal numbers only. Therefore, N is closeup of the door under enhancement and multiplication.

Note: This is not the case with individually and department so, N is not closed under subtraction and also division.

Example 3: Silvia and also Susan collected seashells on the beach. Silvia built up 10 shells and also Susan gathered 4 shells. How many shells go they collection in all? club all the natural numbers, provided in the situation and also perform the arithmetic operation accordingly.

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Shells built up by Silvia = 10 and shells accumulated by Susan = 4. Thus, the total number of shells gathered by them=10+4=14. Therefore, Silvia and Susan accumulated 14 shells in all.