The Cathedral the Notre Dame de Paris is one of the most iconic instances of design in France and also the most famous of the French cathedrals. Among the first Gothic sanctuaries ever built, that lies top top the east side the the Île de la Cité, an island in the flow Seine in the love of Paris. The Towers the the cathedral room a noted National Monument.

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Start your visit together with thousands of visitors in the huge square in prior of the cathedral, called the location du Parvis Notre-Dame. Originally this square was recognized as the ar du Paradis however the name changed with that is prononciation throughout the centuries.

Building the Cathedral the Notre Dame

It remained in 1160 the the decision to build Notre Dame was made, shortly after the Paris church ended up being the central church because that all queens of Europe. Bishop Maurice de Sully deemed it crucial that a newer, grander cathedral it is in built, and also the old church top top the same ar was demolished.

Three year later building and construction on Notre Dame began and also even Pope Alexander III attend the ceremony wherein they laid the first cornerstone. Building of the cathedral took practically 200 years, almost as lengthy as the entire gothic period, and most would agree it is among the most important examples the the Gothic layout in the world.

In architectural history, the cathedral of Notre Dame was among the very first buildings that made use of the paris buttress. This buttresses are the arcs along the next of a church, supporting the weight of the walls and also roof, and allowing the walls they supported to have large sections cut out of castle to permit expansive windows.

Although the buttresses were not originally part of the building plan, they confirmed to be crucial to make the structure work and are now a critical part that the cathedral’s look, and also a key feature of other gothic cathedrals.

History of the cathedral of Notre Dame

As a structure that has actually been approximately for practically 1000 years, Notre Dame has actually experienced fairly a the majority of damage and also vandalism:

In the 1500’s, once the Huguenots - a reformist offshoot the the church - obtained influence, they destroyed plenty of of the windows of the cathedral the they deemed idolatrous. In the 1600’s a modernization movement also forced significant alterations. During the 1700’s plenty of of the cathedrals treasures were ruined during the French Revolution.

Excavations over the year have found that the area surrounding and also beneath the cathedral also holds a an excellent deal the history, with hidden rooms and cellars, furnaces, and also other secrets.

By the center of the 19th century the cathedral was in very poor condition and also in risk of collapse However, Victor Hugo’s book "The Hunchback the Notre-Dame" renewed attention in the cathedral and saved it from gift torn under – in fact, it influenced the campaign to raise money to gain back the cathedral in 1845. The 20th century saw various attempts to restore and also maintain the cathedral. Most recently, a routine started in 1991 come clean and revitalize the cathedral to be completed in 2005.

Visiting Notre-Dame de Paris

Much of your visit will certainly consist of merely strolling approximately the Parvis square and also walking roughly the outside of the cathedral. The facade is of course one of the most crucial parts the the building and also notable for its symmetrical structure, its large towers and also rose window, the statues of 28 statues that the emperors of Israel in a row across the middle of the facade and the stonework roughly the entrances. There space three of this portals:

the one top top the left is dedicated to the Vigin Mary and also dates native 1210; the main portal to represent the last Judgement and dates from around 1220 the best portal is specialized to Saint Anne and dates from 1170. Interestingly few of the sculpture on this oldest doorway is believed to have actually been reused indigenous the church that previously stood here.

Walking about the cathedral friend can also see the outstanding doorway on the north side and the beloved architecture and spire come the rear of the cathedral. The statue in the Parvis come the right in prior of the cathedral is a 19th century statue of Charlemagne. To the right hand side and rear that the cathedral you can additionally see tiny garden areas.

There room two different queues to enter Notre-Dame: the one come the former is to enter the main cathedral if a different queue come the left that the facade is for access to the Cathedral Towers.

The very first thing friend will notification when you go into is the an excellent size of the cathedral and also the layout, through the next aisles curving to meet behind the altar: this was quite initial at the time although often replicated later.

In specific you will want to see the 14th century piece from the life that Christ in the choir area and also the three increased windows. Unfortunately most of the initial stained glass home windows were gotten rid of in the 18th century however these climbed windows room magnificent and provide some compensation because that the lacking glass.

After admiring the internal of Notre Dame cathedral you have the right to visit the towers, the many exciting part of your visit because of the famous bells and gargoyles and the views across the Paris rooftops. Likewise the many exhausting since you need to climb more than 200 measures to enjoy this splendour.

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Photos the Notre Dame cathedral

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