Who room The Crucible characters? What execute they do and when carry out they display up in the play? find out in this synopsis of the characters in Arthur Miller"s The Crucible.

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In this article, I"ll walk over every of the Cruciblecharacters by name, pinpoint which act(s) each character shows up in and/or is discussed in, and also briefly describe each character and what she/he walk in The Crucible.

Central cast of The Crucible

To start off with, I"ll talk about the seven personalities in The Crucible who room integral to the plot the the drama: man Proctor, Abigail Williams, mary Warren, Giles Corey, Rebecca Nurse, Reverend Hale, and also Elizabeth Proctor. Because that each of these characters, you"ll get summary of your relationships through other characters in the play, a brief description of your personality, and a rundown of the action they take throughout the play.

John Proctor

John Proctor is the central character whom the drama the The Crucible revolves around. This primacy is aided by the reality that he has relationships with plenty of of the other characters in the play: Proctor is husband to Elizabeth Proctor, previous (adulterous) lover of Abigail Williams, employee of mary Warren, friend of Giles Corey and also Francis Nurse (and by extension their wives), and not a fan (though not specifically an enemy) that Reverend Parris. Proctor is described by Miller as “respected and even feared in Salem,” having actually “a sharp and biting way with hypocrites” even though he “regards himself together a type of a fraud” (p. 19) as result of his affair v Abigail Williams.

Act 1: We discover out that Proctor had an affair v Abigail the he states he no longer wishes to continue. Proctor is hesitant of witchcraft and also of Parris"s insurance claims of persecution and also leaves quickly after Reverend Hale come at the Parris household.

Act 2: Elizabeth and John discuss the events that have actually been keep going in Salem; Elizabeth encourages John come tell the court what Abigail said him around the girl faking it, which triggers a discussion around John"s affair through Abigail and his continuing guilt about it. End the course of the act, Proctor becomes frightened the the power the girls have actually with your accusations, particularly once his wife is arrested because that witchcraft.

Act 3: Proctor goes to court come fight the charges versus his wife and also dispute the veracity of the girls" claims; he ultimately ends up gift accused of witchcraft himself.

Act 4: Tormented end whether or not to confess to witchcraft to conserve himself, Proctor eventually ends up tearing up his signed confession and going to the gallows v what stays of his truth intact.

For a deeper expedition of man Proctor’s character traits and also actions, check out our character analysis of him.

Abigail Williams

Also recognized As: Abby Williams

Abigail is the nephew of Reverend Parris and the cousin of Betty Parris. She also used to occupational as a servant v the Proctors, before she was sent away through Elizabeth Proctor for having an affair with Elizabeth"s husband John. She is friends (or at the very least acquaintances) v Mercy Lewis and eventually i do not care the ringleader of the "afflicted" girls (i.e. The girls that accuse civilization of being witches). Miller defines Abigail together "seventeen...a strikingly beautiful girl, one orphan, through an unlimited capacity for dissembling" (p. 8); in essence, the is calling her a pretty small liar.

Act 1: Abigail is accused by she uncle of dance in the woods (possibly naked) and of being soiled; she vehemently denies this, yet when he pipeline Betty wakes and also accuses Abigail of drinking a medicine to death Elizabeth Proctor. Eventually, Abigail manages to gain out of gift punished by first accusing Tituba of forcing her to drink the potion and then appearing to confess her bewitching and accusing others of witchcraft.

Act 2: We uncover out, very first via mar Warren and then via Ezekiel Cheever, that Abigail has accused Elizabeth Proctor that witchcraft.

Act 3: Abigail is questioned around faking her symptoms and denounces it together a lie; she climate leads the girls in a hysterical display against Mary Warren once Mary tries to discredit them and succeeds in influencing Mary come abandon she testimony.

Act 4: us hear from she uncle, Reverend Parris, that Abigail has run off through Mercy Lewis and also some of she uncle’s money.

For an ext about Abigail Williams and also her role in The Crucible, review our thorough discussion the Abby, and also our evaluation of crucial Abigail Williams quotes.

Me? Accuse someone of witchcraft therefore I might marry her husband and run off v my uncle"s money when that didn"t work-related out? Whyever would certainly you think together a thing?

Mary Warren

Mary Warren is a maid to John and also Elizabeth Proctor and component of the team of girls accusing civilization of witchcraft. Explained by Miller as "seventeen, a subservient, naïve lonely girl" (p. 17), mar is encouraged both by her desire to be a component of "the great doings in the world" (p. 20) and her fear of gaining in trouble (whether through Abigail or the Proctors).

Act 1: Mary reflects up in ~ the Parris household to confer with Abigail and Mercy about what"s walking on (since they were all dancing in the woods the night before).

Act 2: mary arrives earlier at the Proctors" slightly an ext confident because of her role in the court; she brings Elizabeth a poppet she made and both the Proctors news the what has been continue in Salem and reveals that she regulated to stave off one accusation of witchcraft versus Elizabeth (although it turns out that after mary left, Elizabeth to be accused again). ~ Elizabeth is arrested and taken away, mary is yelled in ~ by john Proctor and also told she has to testify in court around how she do the poppet, grounding a needle in it, and gave it come Elizabeth.

Act 3: mar is bullied by man Proctor into testifying just how there is naught supernatural emerging in Salem. This end up backfiring as soon as she is accused of sending out her heart to torment the girls; eventually, mar accuses Proctor self of being a witch and returns to the fold of accusers.

Discover an ext about mary Warren’s function in The Crucible v our character analysis of her.

Giles Corey

Giles Corey is husband come Martha Corey and friends through John Proctor and also Francis Nurse. A cantankerous old man who has no problem suing also his girlfriend for perceived insults, Giles is described by Miller as "a crank and also a nuisance, but withal a deeply innocent and brave man" (p. 38).

Act 1: Giles wanders into the Parris home to uncover out those going on. He tells Reverend Hale that he think it’s monster his wife Martha reads every the time and that whenever she reads, Giles has trouble praying (conveniently omitting the info that Giles has actually just began to walk to church much more regularly and so naturally would have difficulty remembering his prayers).

Act 2: Giles involves the Proctors’ house in addition to Francis Nurse come report that both their wives have actually been arrested because that witchcraft; that asks Proctor’s advice for what to do

Act 3: Giles storms right into court to shot to prove his mam isn’t a witch. He ends up gift condemned because that contempt the court once he won’t surname the person who said him the Putnam’s daughter accused George Jacobs of being a witch in stimulate to be able to purchase George Jacobs’ forfeited land.

Act 4: We discover via Elizabeth Proctor the Giles was pressed to fatality (with stones top top his chest) since he refused to answer the accusations against him one means or another so his property would continue to be in his family.

For a much more detailed conversation of Giles Corey and what taken place to him, check out our specialized Giles Corey character analysis.

Rebecca Nurse

Also recognized As: Goody Nurse

Rebecca is married come Francis Nurse. She is friendly through everyone in Salem other than for Ann Putnam, whose concerns over she daughter Ruth Rebecca sort of brushes off in action 1.

Act 1: Rebecca comes end to the Parris household and also tries come calm everyone down, saying it’s probably simply girls gift girls and also not something supernatural. Once it becomes clear that everyone else wants to go ahead v the examination of possible witchy causes for the girls’ behavior, she departs.

Act 2: The audience learns indigenous Francis Nurse the Rebecca has actually been arrested because that the killing of Ann Putnam’s seven youngsters who died in infancy.

Act 3: The audience to learn via Hale the Rebecca has actually been uncovered guilty that witchcraft in court (p. 80).

Act 4: Rebecca is saddened to learn that man is going to confess come witchcraft, then uplifted when he decides not to; they both walk to the gallows together.

For more discussion of the role of Rebecca Nurse in the play, make certain to check out our complete analysis of Rebecca Nurse in The Crucible The Crucible.

Reverend man Hale

Reverend Hale is an "expert" ~ above witchcraft, referred to as in native Beverly through Reverend Parris as a precautionary measure (in situation Betty Parris"s affliction is superordinary in nature). Described by Miller in ~ the beginning of the play as "nearing forty, a tight-skinned, eager-eyed intellectual," (p. 30), Hale changes over the food of the play native an idealist who believes he has the power to root out the devil to a disillusioned man who realizes the has included to a hysteria and also caused the deaths the innocents.

Act 1: Hale shows up in an answer to Parris’s summons. Excited to usage his committed skills to hunt out the Devil, Hale ends up (inadvertently) pressuring Tituba right into confessing till she name names.

Act 2: Hale involves the Proctors to examine in ~ above them, since he’s heard some disturbing things about them (John doesn’t go to church often, Elizabeth was accused of being a witch the day, etc); the quizzes man on his commandments and is upset/shocked to hear the the girls could be faking their fits and lying to the court. He appears conflicted (“in great pain”) but still unwilling to fully accept how thoroughly he is screwed whatever up (p. 68).

Act 3: Hale ineffectually make the efforts to protect against the juggernaut he has set into motion; he now realizes that witchcraft isn’t as black and white as he thought due to the fact that at least some of the accusations clearly stem indigenous ulterior motivations and there"s no proof besides hearsay because that convictions…but it’s as well late. Storms off after Proctor is ordered to jail by Danforth (p. 111), denouncing the court and also what the is doing.

Act 4: Hale has returned come Salem to try to obtain the accused witches come confess and save their resides so he have the right to feel much less guilty/accumulate much less blood on his hands. The does not succeed.

Reverend Hale, by the finish of The Crucible.

Reykjavik statue/used under CC by 2.0/Cropped from original.

Elizabeth Proctor

Elizabeth Proctor is married to john Proctor. Elizabeth dislikes Abigail Williams, likely as result of the reality that john Proctor committed adultery v Abigail. While Miller does not provide Elizabeth any particular stage direction descriptions they method he walk with countless of the various other characters, we learn through various bits of dialogue the Elizabeth had actually been noble the vault winter (p. 61).

Act 2: Elizabeth tries to urge her husband to go to city to tell everyone Abigail is a liar – first because it’s the right thing to do, then due to the fact that she’s concerned Abigail is going to accuse Elizabeth of being a witch in order to take her ar in John’s life (and bed). She is disappointed that john met v Abigail alone and somehow failed to mention that detail to her, yet is not enabled to defend herself since John’s internal guilt reasons him to reaction angrily and volubly to her fears.

Elizabeth accepts a poppet native Mary and tries to safeguard Mary from John’s wrath at Mary"s having actually neglected she duties at residence to walk off to the court and also accuse world of witchcraft. At the finish of the act, Elizabeth is arrested and also taken in after the revealed Abigail dubbed her out together a witch (after mar Warren and also Hale left for the day) and also she has that damning poppet through a needle stuck in it.

Act 3: Elizabeth is brought into the court to confirm that Abigail Williams to be dismissed from her position for sleeping with john Proctor, since John has boasted that Elizabeth never ever lies. In a situation of faith, Elizabeth choose to lie to protect her husband’s reputation; this regrettably ends up having a an unfavorable effect as it undercuts John’s accusation the Abigail is accusing Elizabeth of gift a witch in order come marry John.

Act 4: Elizabeth is inquiry by Danforth and also Hale come convince john to confess to conserve his life; instead, she basically simply acts as a sounding plank while john agonizes over what to do. She likewise tearfully confesses that john Proctor is the best and that she shouldn’t have judged him since only he have the right to judge himself, and tells the that everything he chooses is okay by she (p. 127):

Do what you will. But let no one be her judge. There be no greater judge under Heaven than Proctor is! pardon me, forgive me, John—I never knew such goodness in the world! She covers her face, weeping.

When Parris and Hale try to obtain Elizabeth to avoid John after he’s torn up his confession and is top top his method to the gallows, she go not, stating, “He have actually his goodness now. God forbid i take it from him!” (p. 134).

Other Salem inhabitants in The Crucible

Aside native the seven main Crucible characters noted above, there are likewise many other Salem residents who show up in this play. Even if it is they accuse others of being witches, room accused of being witches themselves, or are simply townspeople through an axe to grind against Reverend Parris, the characters listed below all contribute to move the activity of the plot forward.

Reverend Samuel Parris

Reverend Parris is the father of Betty Parris, uncle the Abigail Williams, and also minister the Salem. That is not shown in a hopeful light in this play, being explained by Miller indigenous the really beginning as someone that "cut a villainous path through history" who "believed he was being persecuted wherever he went." through his actions and words, Parris "very little great to be claimed for him" (p. 3).

Act 1: Parris is worried the Betty is sick, therefore he has called on Dr. Griggs for medical care and also sent because that Reverend Hale because that spiritual care. He concerns Abigail about her dance in the woods v Betty and Tituba and also discusses just how he thinks over there are human being plotting versus him and his fears around how civilization will perceive that if witchcraft is uncovered under his roof.

Act 3: still self-important and also petty, Parris accuses civilization who the perceives together a risk or that state castle don"t think in witchcraft of lied or having actually "come to overthrow the court" (p. 82).

Act 4: Parris asks Danforth and Hathorne to accomplish him in jail to comment on the risks attendant on hanging well-respected members of the ar like Rebecca Nurse and also John Proctor. Parris defines that he and also Hale have actually been praying v the judge witches and also hoping they"ll confess; for Parris, this is since the people around to hang are influential and also so your deaths might cause trouble because that him. He also mentions the Abigail has disappeared and also seems to have actually stolen his life savings, which prompts Danforth to contact him "a brainless man" (p. 117).

Parris likewise tells Danforth that he"s been endangered as a result of his actions in the witch trials: “Tonight, once I open my door to leave my house – a dagger clattered to the ground” (p. 119), but Danforth does no seem come care.

Betty Parris

Betty is the ten-year-old daughter of Reverend Parris and cousin to Abigail Williams...and doesn"t acquire much more of a character description/development 보다 that. She is the third person in Salem come accuse world of witchcraft (after Tituba and Abby). Various other than a short time on stage in plot 3 (when she chants in unison with the rest of the witch-accusing girls), Betty is only onstage during the opening act of the play.

During act 1, Betty drops ill after ~ dancing in the woods through Tituba and some the the various other girls that the village (Abigail Williams, Mercy Lewis, mar Warren, and Ruth Putnam). When she in the interim rouses from her stupor, Betty accuses Abigail of drink a medicine to kill Goody Proctor (p.18), before falling ago into one inert state. Betty livens increase again in ~ the end of the act to chime in v her own hysterical accusations of witchcraft.


In she forties, Tituba is Reverend Parris’s servant that he carried with that from Barbados. She is committed to Betty (p. 7, p. 41) yet possibly harbors some resentment against Parris the comes out in her "confession" the witchcraft (p. 44):

TITUBA, in a fury: He to speak Mr. Parris need to be kill! Mr. Parris no goodly man, Mr. Parris median man and also no gentle man, and also he bid me increase out of my bed and cut her throat! They gasp. Yet I tell that “No! ns don’t hate that man. I don’t desire kill the man.” but he say, “You job-related for me, Tituba, and also I make you for free! I provide you pretty dress to wear, and put you way high up in the air, and you unable to do fly ago to Barbados!”

Various townspeople (Abigail, Mrs. Putnam) seem come think the Tituba also can "conjure" spirits, i beg your pardon at part points it appears that Tituba it s her may also believe ("Devil, him be pleasure-man in Barbados, him it is in singin’ and also dancin’ in Barbados. It’s friend folks – girlfriend riles him up ‘round here; it be also cold ‘round below for the old Boy. He freeze his spirit in Massachusetts, however in Barbados he just as sweet...", p. 113).

Act 1: Tituba make the efforts to uncover out just how "her beloved" Betty is doing, but Parris shoos her away; later, she is accused through Abigail of forcing the girls to perform the Devil’s work. As soon as pressured through Hale and also Parris to confess and also give the name of those who are abetting her, Tituba ultimately does by specify name Goody an excellent and Goody Osburn (the 2 women Putnam had previously said as witch candidates).

Act 4: Tituba is in the jail through Sarah Good, acting together if she an extremely much trust in the Devil. She and also Goody an excellent are hustled the end by Herrick to make means for the judges.

Susanna Walcott

Susanna works for physician Griggs and is described by Miller together "a little younger than Abigail, a nervous, hurried girl" (p. 8). Eventually, she join in v Abigail, Betty, Mercy, and Mary together the "afflicted girls" that accuse others of witchcraft.

Act 1: Susanna tells Reverend Parris that doctor Griggs is pertained to Betty’s condition is superordinary in beginning (p. 9).

Act 2: Susanna has actually become part of the team of accusers; is just one of the world Mary Warren claims would’ve observed Mary sewing the poppet in court (p. 72).

Act 3: Susanna join in with Abigail and Mercy in accusing mar Warren of bewitching castle via Mary’s bird-shaped soul (p. 107).

steve p2008/used under CC through 2.0/Cropped from original.

Mercy Lewis

Mercy is a servant to the Putnams and also seems to be the particular caretaker of Ruth. She likewise appears friendly with Abigail Williams (which makes sense, as they to be dancing in the woods together) and contemptuous of mary Warren. Mercy is defined by Miller together "a fat, sly, mercilessgirl that eighteen" (p. 16).

Act 1: Mercy has involved the Parris residence to discover out what’s going on. She gets to confer through Abigail about getting their stories straight about what taken place in the woods (since Mercy was supposedly running roughly naked in the woods) prior to she"s sent out away to get Doctor Griggs because that Ruth.

Act 3: Mercy is just one of the girl in court that accuses mar Warren that bewitching castle via Mary’s bird-shaped heart (p. 106).

Act 4: Parris claims that that believes Mercy has actually run away through his niece, Abigail Williams (p. 116).

Mrs. Ann Putnam

Also recognized As: Goody Putnam, Goody Ann

Ann Putnam is mam to thomas Putnam and the mother of the afflicted Ruth (who we never see onstage) and also seven various other dead kids (who we additionally never watch onstage — since they"re dead). There appears to be part friction between her and also Rebecca Nurse, possibly because Rebecca Nurse has many living children and also grandchildren if Ann only has actually the one child; it additionally seems that Rebecca may have actually chided Ann in the past for no being as much as snuff (p. 36):

Let God blame me, no you, no you, Rebecca! okay not have you judging me any kind of more!

Miller further explains Ann as being “a twisted heart of forty-five, a death-ridden woman, haunted by dreams” (p. 12). So plainly the woman has some issues.

Act 1: Ann pertains to the Parris family members to uncover out those going on and report that her daughter is being afflicted by something probably supernatural. She knows the the cause of her daughter"s disease is something supernatural since she sent out her daughter come Tituba to find out (via supernatural means) who murdered Ann’s various other seven children in infancy.

Ann is ready and also willing come believe any explanation because that why her kids died except that it was natural reasons (understandable because that a grieving mother). She seizes eagerly top top Tituba’s saying the Goody Osburn was a witch, saying, “I knew it! Goody Osburn were midwife come me 3 times. Ns begged you, Thomas, did i not? ns begged him no to speak to Osburn since I feared her. My babies constantly shriveled in she hands!” (p. 44).

Thomas Putnam

Thomas Putnam is husband come Ann Putnam and father that the afflicted Ruth. Described by Miller as "a well-to-do, hard-handed landowner, close to fifty" (p. 12) and "deeply embittered" with "a vindictive nature" (p. 14), Putnam has quarrels with almost every significant (male) character who appears onstage in this play. That dislikes Francis and also Rebecca Nurse (since their family helped block Putnam’s candidate because that minister), Reverend Parris (since he got the job rather of Putnam’s brother-in-law), john Proctor (because the is chopping down timber that cutting board Putnam believes rightfully belongs to him), and also Giles Corey (because Corey accuses the of conspiring through his daughter Ruth come kill one more man for his land).

Act 1: Putnam urges Parris come investigate feasible supernatural causes of Betty’s (and his daughter Ruth’s) ailments. Miller intimates (via phase directions) the Putnam doesn’t necessarily believe in witchcraft – he simply is searching for a method to acquire power and/or do Parris carry out something dumb that he have the right to then exploit: “at the moment he is intent upon acquiring Parris, for whom he has actually only contempt, to relocate toward the abyss” (p. 14).

Act 3: Putnam briefly shows up in court to say that Giles’ accusations versus him are a lied (p.89).

Francis Nurse

Francis is the husband of accused witch Rebecca Nurse and friends with Giles Corey and John Proctor. Francis is described by Miller together "one of those guys for who both political parties of the dispute had to have respect," although "as he progressively paid because that and raised his social status, there were those who resented his rise" (p. 24). Basically, Francis is viewed as a fair and upstanding citizen of Salem, although there room some that resent his social-climbing. Through among Miller"s character essays, we learn that Francis is component of the faction the opposed thomas Putnam’s candidate for minister that Salem (p. 24), i m sorry led to bad feelings in between the two families (that may have encouraged the accusations the Rebecca as a witch).

Act 2: Francis allows the Proctors know his wife’s in jail and also charged with superordinary murder (p. 67).

Act 3: Francis shows up in court to current evidence of the girls’ fraud jointly through John Proctor and also Giles Corey (p. 80); brings a petition signed by next-door neighbors attesting come his wife’s great name that is then used by the court together a resource for arrest warrants, lot to Francis’s fear (p. 87)

Sarah Good

Also well-known As: Goody Good

The an initial woman to be accused that witchcraft in Salem, Sarah good is defined by Elizabeth Proctor together “Goody an excellent that sleeps in ditches” (p. 58).

Act 1: thomas Putnam floats her name together a feasible witch (p. 43); Tituba then picks increase on this priming and also names her together a co-conspirator (p. 44), followed shortly by Abby (p. 45)

Act 2: mar Warren reports that Sarah an excellent confessed to attacking the girls supernaturally and so won’t hang; also, buy it is pregnant at age 60.

Act 4: The very first (and only) time Sarah good appears onstage is at the beginning of this act: she is hanging out with Tituba in the jail, exhilaration a tiny crazy, and also seeming to check out the Devil. It"s unclear even if it is she think the adversary is real or if she’s just playing follow me at this suggest because she doesn"t have actually anything to lose and won"t be hanged since she"s confessed and is pregnant.


The Court Officials

Besides the general residents of Salem, The Crucible additionally has the characters involved in the “legal” component of the witch trials and the “justice” system.

Ezekiel Cheever

Cheever was originally an “honest tailor” (p. 69) however by the moment of his figure in the beat (in action 2) has come to be “a salesman of the court” (p. 68). Elizabeth that he "knows well" (p. 50), however by the moment of the trials that is clear that he is no longer organized in quite as high esteem ("You"ll burn because that this, do you know it?", p. 69).

Act 2: Cheever concerns arrest Elizabeth Proctor top top orders from the court; the is convinced of her guilt once he find a poppet v a needle grounding in the (p. 70), and also isn"t ready to think other explanations for it, also though mar Warren plainly states that she"s the one that made the poppet and stuck the needle in it.

Act 3: Cheever testifies around his experience with Goody Proctor and also John Proctor in the previous plot (finding the poppet after Elizabeth denied maintaining them, man ripping up the arrest warrant); though he prefaces his testimony with an apology come Proctor

Marshal Herrick

Herrick is the marshal because that the court system in Salem, i beg your pardon is to say that he is the person sent to gather up prisoners, stop civilization from leaving the court and from attacking other world in the court, and lead judge witches to be hanged.

Act 2: in addition to Cheever, Herrick comes to the Proctors" residence to take it Elizabeth Proctor away to the jail, as per orders of the court.

Act 3: Herrick vouches for john Proctor’s personality (p. 86) and acts as the arm of the court (he stops Proctor from attacking Abigail, stop Abigail from leaving once she’s accused the whorishness, and is request to take it Proctor and Corey come jail).

Act 4: Herrick drunkenly clears Sarah great and Tituba out of on cabinet of the jail to make method for the judges’ discussion with Parris and Hale. He also shepherds the prisoners (Elizabeth Proctor, man Proctor, and also Rebecca Nurse) back and forth in between the cells, the key room, and also (ultimately) the gallows.

Judge Hathorne

Judge Hathorne is a Salem judge presiding over the witchcraft trials. Described by müller in the stage directions together “a bitter, remorseless Salem judge” (p. 78), Hathorne resides up to the depiction in both word and deed – he shows no mercy to the accused witches or your families and is constantly willing to believe the worst of people. Judge Hathorne appears in plot 3 and 4 the The Crucible.

Act 3: Hathorne is really concerned through all civilians reflecting the suitable respect come the court and also the legislation (although he"s less shrill about it than Parris is).

Act 4: Hathorne pertains to the jail to confer through Danforth; that is perplexed by and also suspicious the why Hale is back, disapproves the Parris’s progressively “unsteady” and wishy-washy demeanor (p. 115), and seems come think everyone is filled v “high satisfaction” (p. 117) in ~ the hangings of the witches.

Fun fact: The character of judge Hathorne is based on the historic Hathorne who was therefore reviled that his descendant, author Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlet Letter, house of the seven Gables), readjusted the assignment of his last surname to prevent being associated with him.

Deputy governor Danforth

At the moment of the events in the play, Danforth is the Deputy governor of the entire province (of Massachusetts). Danforth oversees all of the court proceedings in the play as the greatest legal authority. The is described by Miller together "a grave guy in his sixties, of part humor and sophistication that do not, however, interfere with an accurate loyalty come his position and his cause" (p. 79). While nobody in the play seems to like him, exactly, he does command respect from many of the characters, at the very least at very first - together the pat continues and also it becomes clear that Danforth is much more concerned around procedure than justice, characters (including Giles Corey and also John Proctor) vocally display screen their lose of respect for Danforth.

Act 3: The audience first sees Danforth in his place as the presiding court judge for the witch trials. Danforth is no swayed by emotion however is swayed by the girls’ demonstrations of witchcraft (perhaps due to the fact that he have the right to see it with his very own eyes, feeling their clammy skin, etc). The combination of his dispassionate questioning and also his id in witchcraft way that what logically adheres to is him ordering the arrests that everyone who signed the petition affirming the good characters of Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey, holding Giles in contempt of court, and also ordering Proctor’s arrest.

Act 4: Danforth filling the audience in on what has been walking on in Salem between Acts 3 and 4. He proceeds to absence detectable emotions and also base his decision on legality (e.g. It wouldn’t be fair to postpone the hangings of this witches due to the fact that we currently hanged others) rather of morality (we should avoid killing people unless absolutely necessary and unless every other opportunities have to be exhausted). As soon as he senses that man Proctor might not be totally aboveboard in his confession, he warns that if Proctor is lying around being a witch, then he can"t avoid Proctor indigenous hanging; once Proctor rips increase his confession, Danforth feels no qualms around sending him come the gallows (p. 134):

Hang castle high end the town! that weeps because that these, weeps because that corruption! He sweeps out past them.


A guard at the Salem jail that helps Herrick clean Tituba and Goody great out the the room to make method for Danforth in act 4. Hopkins doesn’t even get a first name, and also only has one heat (p.113) - he"s mostly there to announce Danforth"s arrival.


Unseen characters in The Crucible

There are several characters in The Crucible that don’t actually show up onstage however still play crucial role in the play. In one case, a character actually has much more lines indigenous offstage (Martha Corey) than one more character does on stage (Hopkins), if in other instances these offstage, unseen personalities are provided to move along the action of the play.

Martha Corey

Martha Corey is the (third) mam of Giles Corey, accused of witchcraft directly by Walcott (and indirect by Giles himself). We learn through Francis Nurse the Martha Corey is extremely thought of in city - or at least, she was till she was accused of witchcraft (p. 67):

...Martha Corey, over there cannot it is in a mrs closer yet to God than Martha.

While Martha never shows up onstage, she is discussed in all four acts and also has 3 offstage currently in plot 3.

Act 1: Giles an initial brings increase his suspicions that Martha"s bookishness is somehow causing him come falter in ~ his prayers (despite the truth that he just started frequently going come church when he married her, and so "it didn"t take much to make him stumble end " (p. 38).

Act 2: Giles reports that Martha"s been taken away after Walcott accuses her of bewitching his pigs; Giles describes that the didn’t average to indicate his wife was a witch because she read books (even though that is certain what the implied).

Act 3: Martha is heard indigenous offstage being doubted by judge Hathorne about witchcraft at the opened of the act; later, she is pointed out as being among two accused witches that 91 people declared their an excellent opinion the in a petition (p. 86-87).

Act 4: Martha is pointed out as one of the accused witches Hale is trying to to convince to confess; later, as soon as John Proctor asks if Martha’s confessed, Elizabeth confirms that “he will certainly not” (p. 125).

Ruth Putnam

The only surviving boy of Thomas and also Ann Putnam, Ruth, choose Betty Parris, shows signs of gift bewitched. Follow to Ruth"s parents, Ruth was sent out by her mommy to Tituba to figure out that supernaturally murdered Ruth"s 7 dead child siblings; this is no doubt the reason why Ruth "never waked this morning, yet her eye open and she walks, and hears naught, watch naught, and also cannot eat" (p. 13). If she never appears onstage, Ruth (and her strange illness) is supplied in absentia to corroborate the presence of some supernatural evil in Salem throughout Act 1.

Ruth is only brought up again a pair of times throughout the remainder of the play: in act 3, the audience learns that Ruth is stated to have actually accused George Jacobs of being a witch (p. 89), and also that she is not in the court once John Proctor brings mar Warren to face the various other girls (p. 94).

Sarah Osburn

Also well-known As: Goody Osburn

The surname of Goody Osburn very first comes up in action 1, when she is said by thomas Putnam together a feasible witch (p. 43). This pointer is then corroborated by the accusations the Tituba (p. 44) and Abigail Williams (p. 45). In plot 2, we discover that good Osburn is the an initial witch to be condemned to hang in Salem (p. 54). We additionally learn the it"s not all the surprising the someone would accuse Goody Osburn of being a witch, because she is “drunk and also half-witted” (p.58).

George Jacobs

In the very first act of The Crucible, George Jacobs is called as a witch by Betty Parris (p. 45). His name briefly comes up in act 2 as the owner of a heifer john Proctor is thinking about buying for his mam (p. 48), however it is not till Act 3 the he becomes much more important. In act 3, Giles Corey alleges that he"s heard the Ruth Putnam accused George Jacobs of witchcraft due to the fact that convicted witches forfeit their property, and the only person who has enough money to buy up the property just so happens to it is in Ruth’s father, cutting board Putnam (p. 89):

...the job daughter cried out on Jacobs, he said she’d given him a same gift the land...

The accusation the Ruth had basically handed her father George Jacobs" building by accusing the of witchcraft, however, is never brought to trial since Giles refuses to disclose the name of the human who told him around Putnam"s words; therefore, George Jacobs i do not care the indirect cause of Giles being arrested for contempt of court (and, ultimately, pressed to death).

Bridget Bishop

Also recognized As: Goody Bishop

Bridget Bishop is a tavern owner in Salem (p. 4) and is the very first witch called by Abigail who wasn’t likewise named through Tituba (p. 45). Goody Bishop"s main role inThe Crucible is together a comparison to Rebecca Nurse; to illustrate exactly how the people hanged previously in the play were of reduced moral character than those collection to hang during Act 4, Parris mentions exactly how Bridget “lived three year v Bishop prior to she married him” (p. 117).

Doctor Griggs

Doctor Griggs is mentioned in act 1 together the male Parris has consulted with to find out what’s wrong v Betty (p. 8) and also in action 2 together the male who confirms Sarah good is pregnant (p. 56). He"s also the employer of Susanna Walcott.

Other human being Mentioned in The Crucible

In addition to all the characters who we"ve previously discussed, over there are additionally several other human being mentioned end the course of the play. Some of these surname are helpful to know because they offer context to character relationship that form how occasions unfold in The Crucible (for instance, James Bayley is the brother-in-law the Putnam who was passed over for minister that Salem due to opposition by other townspeople, including Francis Nurse, i beg your pardon causes negative blood in between the two families). Few of the other names might be advantageous if your teacher asks girlfriend to perform off civilization accused the witchcraft over the food of the play, or come list human being who accused rather of witchcraft.

Whatever the reason, if you want a list of every name pointed out in The Crucible, we"re here for you: see listed below for the nittiest-of-the-grittiest table of every the named civilization in The Crucible.




Mr. Collins

Reports seeing Betty Parris flying.

p. 12


Owns the barn end which Betty Parris is claimed to have flown.

p. 12

James Bayley

Brother-in-law of thomas Putnam that was impede from coming to be minister of Salem by “a faction” (including Francis Nurse & family).

p. 13

John Putnam

Brother of cutting board Putnam who aided Thomas jail George Burroughs.

p. 14

George Burroughs

Minister the Salem jailed because that debts he no owe by Thomas and also John Putnam (possibly the end of spite because Burroughs came to be minister where Bayley wasn’t able to)

p. 14

Edward Putnam

Signer the the an initial complaint versus Rebecca Nurse; brothers of thomas Putnam.

p. 25

Jonathan Putnam

Signer of the first complaint against Rebecca Nurse; brother of thomas Putnam.

p. 25

Goody Howe

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Martha Bellows

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Goody Sibber

Accused of being a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 45

Alice Barrow

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 45

Goody Hawkins

Accused of gift a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 46

Goody Bibber

Accused of being a witch by Betty Parris.

p. 46

Goody Booth

Accused of gift a witch by Abigail Williams.

p. 46


Son of Elizabeth and John Proctor. Is no the person who snared the rabbit eaten for dinner by John and Elizabeth in act 2.

p. 48


Father or other relative that Susanna Walcott. Accuses Martha Corey the witchcraft against his pigs.

p. 68

Judge Stoughton

Judge in ~ the Salem witch trials.

p. 86

Judge Sewall

Judge at the Salem witch trials.

p. 86

Mr. Lewis

Father of Mercy Lewis; reports he believed his daughter was staying over v Abigail Williams because that a night.

p. 116

Isaac Ward

Drunk Salem residents hanged as a witch; man Proctor is compared favorably come him.

p. 117

Goody Ballard

Named by Elizabeth Proctor as someone who confessed to gift a witch.

p. 124

Isaiah Goodkind

Named by Elizabeth Proctor together someone that confessed to gift a witch.

p. 124

Common discussion Topics for The Crucible Characters

Now you know all around the personalities in The Crucible. However what can you it is in asked about them? here are some usual essay questions/discussion topics about characters in The Crucible. Practice answering them for yourself to acquire a deeper expertise of the beat (even if your teachers don"t finish up asking you these details questions).

Choose a character that you think can represent a certain "type" of person. In her essay, argue which kind of human this personality represents. Use evidence from the pat to support your claims. Be certain to explain why Arthur Miller can have liked to have actually this character stand for this kind of person.Compare and contrast Elizabeth Proctor and also Abigail Williams. How is every woman affected by her position in the Puritan theocracy that Salem?How perform different personalities serve together foils for each other (e.g. Elizabeth and Abigail, Hale and also Danforth)?How perform characters adjust throughout the play, namely man Proctor, mary Warren, and also Reverend Hale?How go John and Elizabeth Proctor’s partnership drive the play?Choose one personality from The Crucible. Then, argue whether their actions transparent the drama room selfish or sacrificial. Space they heroic or villainous?Was Proctor’s decision not to confess foolish or noble? Is man Proctor a tragic hero? Is The Crucible as a entirety a tragedy?How does john Proctor’s dilemma readjust over the course of the play?Can we totally blame Abigail because that the occasions in the play?

For much more about exactly how to create effectively about the personalities of The Crucible, be sure to check out our post on character evaluation in The Crucible.

What’s Next?

Looking for particular character analyses native The Crucible? We’ve got detailed guides to man Proctor, Abigail Williams, mar Warren, Giles Corey, and also Rebecca Nurse on ours ubraintv-jp.com.

See more: How To Convert Decimal To Fraction On Ti 84 : How To Guide, Solved: Ti 84 Decimal To Fraction

Want a summary of the play"s action? climate be certain to review our full plot review of The Crucible.

Are friend wondering, “What themes go this play cover? Is McCarthyism somehow involved?” Find out v our discussions that The Crucible themes and also McCarthyism in The Crucible!