Line 80 shed down in a raid; foreshadows what was to come that this hall, something constantly out there wait to damage it.

Theme - you can"t location your value on human being things. Why? - something is out there waiting.

Line 85 Grendel"s arrival; upsets him to hear males enjoying themselves, he assaults hall due to the fact that he can"t stand this joy any kind of longer.

*Grendel descended from Cain ( first murderer)

Pagan Elements

germanic context- These space monsters doing what monsters do. The culture has the values of a tribal, warlike culture.

Christian Elements

(Line 61- Hrothgar was offered his success by God.

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Hrothgar is guilty that sin of pride. Grendel is sent by God to punish him because that his sin).

Grendel= scourge to punishment Hrothgar"s pride)

Note: that doesn"t attribute to God his success; that a attributes it come himself- this is the sin; misidentification the the resource of great fortune.

Line 30 shows that the monster & hero space equal in toughness .

Grendel kills 30 men; Beowulf has strength that 30 men; Beowulf"s raid through his uncle is at some point unsuccessful yet Beowulf death 30 Franks.

Main Theme

-Belief in God or not; fate and also faith identify who will certainly be the best; the survivor even when the hero and villain room equal in strength and also skill; favor of God wins fight.

Note: Beowulf always attributes his success come God.

-Beowulf is mindful of whereby his success originates from unlike Hrothgar (God)

Characteristics the a hero

vessel Wisdom Beowulf"s religious faith is likewise one that his characteristics
Beow Son of Scyld. Had 4 sons & daughters.
Beowulf Hygelac"s thane. (A Geat or Weder). Child of Ecgtheow, great warrior who Hrothgar knew.
Breca A young warrior friend of Beowulf. Completed with the in a swimming match.
Eschere Hrothgar"s comrade, closest counsellor & friend. Murdered by Grendel"s mother.
Freawaru Daughter the Hrothgar who was to marry the boy of Froda to work out a feud.
Grendel Monster terrorizing the Danes.
Hrethric & Hrothmund sons of Hrothgar & Wealhtheow.
Hrothgar Great warrior. King in story. Had a good mead-hall--Herot or the hall of the Hart, whereby he feasted & rewarded his warriors.
Hygd Hygelac"s young wife.
Hygelac Prince of the Geats come whom beowulf declares allegiance. Son of Hrethel.
Scyld Dead king that led the Danes. Was discovered as a infant on a ship. Created dynasty.
Unferth Herald
Hrothgar"s court. The "jeering Thersites" of Beowulf. He"s envious, backbiting, cowardly. Eventually involves respect & befriend Beowulf.
Wealhtheow Queen. Hrothgar"s wife.
Wiglaf Helps old King beo wolf slay dragon. Wechstan"s son, relation of Beowulf.

Main design template in Poems

-Christian watch

Faith determines who is the true hero; confidence in God "Courage is a role of one"s faith" states all the over in one line.

-The monsters in the story are metaphors for what we have actually to attend to in ours life everyday. (all ties in)

Grendel. Envy and anger.
Grendel"s Mother. Feuding.
The dragon.

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Greed and also hoarding.

-At first, the warriors shot to battle Grendel; this is unsuccessful

-Then, Hrothgar tries to buy Grendel off v gold, yet Grendel has no usage of gold.

*God doesn"t allow Grendel to go certain places; the is why they are safe in certain places. So, warriors move to various other places.

-Then, beo wolf finds the end of this by a scop that is to sing a poem around Hrothgar"s misfortune.

-Beowulf is a Geat and lives in southern Sweden.

-Beowulf goes to assist Hrothgar due to the fact that Hrothgar aided Beowulf"s father when Beowulf was a baby.

-After beo wolf was born his father acquired into a battle with one more tribe"s warrior. The various other warrior was killed by Ecgtheow (Beowulf"s father). The deceased family members wanted revenge, so households were killing people; war results. Ecgtheow"s own people declare him an outlaw to store war native resulting; no one in tribe could give girlfriend food, shelter, or defense if you to be an outlaw. They can confiscate your property, and also you to be not protected by law; a man could kill one outlaw and also taken his money etc. Legally.

Two types of people are outlawed in Germanic

Cowards. They operation away on fight field overly aggressive civilization *- Ecgtheow and his family were take away in through Hrothgar. They were protected and Ecgtheow became one the Hrothgar"s finest warriors. It to be an act of kindness and hospitality to take it him & his family members in. The relationship of hospitality was sacred & in between the host and the guest and also extended even to your descendants.

-Ecgtheow is rewarded through a the majority of gold after numerous years. He can return to his own tribe now and also live there. The now can offer a substantial amount the gold because that a financial settlement to the family members of the deceased warrior.

-Beowulf goes come Hrothgar"s court to pay a debt to him for what Hrothgar did because that them.

Line 360 Hrothgar reminds beowulf of this.

Unferth taunts Beowulf about a swim competition he won however Unferth thought he lost. Beowulf corrects him and this whole passage is just a opportunity for beo wolf to give his credentials the a monster killer. What Unferth sees as foolhardy beowulf (and we) watch as heroic.

-Then Grendel attacks; beowulf watches as a warrior is killed. Beowulf is climate attacked. Lock fight and eventually in ~ a critical point Grendel"s courage stops working him (no belief in God comes in here). They proceed to fight, and also Beowulf rips Grendel"s eight off. Grendel operation away, indicating the he isn"t dead. A human being would bleed to death nearly immediately, yet Grendel didn"t. The did die though.

Beowulf"s name: bee- wolf

Beowulf = bear

Viking term because that Viking warrior

(bear shirt wearer) be affected by each other shirt-wearer/ ber/serker

Vikings didn"t stay armor; simply bear skin; they thought they would certainly not feel away pain as soon as they put the pet skin. They psychologically took their identification of the pet skin they to be wearing.

-Beowulf is praised the next day; Grendel is dead and also they believe that there troubles room over.

Line 886 - beo wolf is explicate fight, * characteristics success to God

-Things came to be normal; Hrothgar"s males sleep in the hall; Grendel"s mom comes because that revenge. Beowulf"s best friend and closest torture is killed.

-Beowulf volunteer to go and also get her. She lair is in an underwater cave.

-Beowulf put on a cloak of chain mail (attributes this idea to put it on to God).

(Chain letter protects you against a sword & dagger; you can swim in it).

Unferth do the efforts to do amends and gives that a great sword which is ultimately destroyed; beowulf swims come her cavern killing several monsters ~ above the way, he fights the mother with all his might and also begins to shed until the looks up and also sees a knife on the wall. The grabs this & death Grendel"s mother. The sees Grendel stretched out. (He"s quiet alive) beo wolf takes the sword and cuts Grendel"s head off. (This keeps Grendel indigenous coming earlier in spirit). Grendel is quiet alive and this is claimed by the sword melting in the blood.

Lines 1492-1495 these lines tell about the sword melting indigenous Grendel"s blood. His blood to be hot. This is the author"s way of informing us that Grendel was still alive, this blood was so hot with life the it melted one sword.


Hrothgar makes lengthy speech as usual. Hrothgar look at that things came native God and also sees if one right here doesn"t save attributing his success come God.(Line 1610).

-Fighting for defense is okay, however initiating hostilities and also out that your way to make trouble wherein it didn"t exist is bad. Heroes loss into this trap. Castle do an excellent things and then ultimately pride ( line 28) takes end if they aren"t careful.

Line 1649 - Grief after gladness

-Be a hero yet recognize resource of your success and also don"t location too much stock ~ above what you have achieved.

-Beowulf thanks him and also leaves and also arrives home in Geatland.

-Time passes

Beowulf didn"t return and also steal the throne or overpower the present king. He chooses no to steal the throne and could if he wanted to. He i do not care a faithful supporter of Hygelac. Hygelac goes on a raiding expedition. The Franks counterattack and kill everyone but Beowulf. He kills 30 males of his own and also swims up with the river earlier to his home.

The raid takes ar

While beo wolf is alive the Geats are safe due to the fact that of Beowulf"s strength. When Beowulf dies words will obtain to the Franks and the Geats room in by trouble. Hygelac passed away in the raid and also really doomed the future of his people. (Hero- Hygelac was a an excellent leader; gets bored- falls into the trap.)

Beowulf was available the throne and turned it down. He wanted, Heardred , Hygelac"s son to serve. Beowulf serves together a protector because that he young boy and then Heardred had inherited his father"s stupidity. That does a raid and gets killed. Beowulf provides what peace he can with the Sweden ( that Heardred attacked). So, his soil (Beowulf"s people and also land) space doomed so much by 3 people. Hrothgar"s country, the Swedes, and also the Franks!!!

(This is the an effect of overly aggressive behavior).

The dragon hit someone death a man and runs come escape the after-effects then hides the end in an underground chamber in a cave.

He look at a substantial treasure and decided to take a piece of the sweetheart to salary the wergeld (financial payment to household of deceased to do peace). The dragon owns this treasure and discovers the his favorite cup together stolen. He smells the odor of a man and decides to attack the guy in revenge. (Beowulf remained in his 70"). Beowulf is quiet responsible for his people and has to deal with the dragon the eight himself with an steel shield ( very heavy, metal and this symbolizes his toughness still). He wants an stole shield due to the fact that of the dragon"s fire breath. Notice that Beowulf very first fought bare-handed, then with a cloak of mail & 2 swords. Currently he has actually a sword, a shield, and also a helper. That is passionate and also says ahead of time that he desire fight it. That goes come fight the dragon for his people. He sets out with his retainers surrounding him. These males are standing behind him and also wants to take it on the dragon himself. The soldiers run away as soon as the dragon appears! The dragon strikes Beowulf. Knife failed him after the hit the dragon. It then chews on his soldier. Wiglaf-only solider who didn"t operation away help Beowulf. Wiglaf rod dragon in the throat v sword, allowing Beowulf to be released. Beo wolf takes the brief sword and jabs the dragon in the stomach, death him. Beo wolf is dying and wants Wiglaf to bring treasure come him so he can see what he won because that is people. That dies, messenger tells world that beo wolf is dice an is dead. He has actually a funeral and a singe sings aloud. What will occur to Beowulf"s people?

THE end

framework of beo wolf again:

-Beowulf exist in only one manuscripts

-all Anglo-Saxon poetry originates from only 4 manuscripts (most to be destroyed/lost.

-Why to be Beowulf created down?

-Christian modification- works was being brought around by the priests, the Christian leader the only ones who could write.

*Parallels Christ"s fights v the Devil.

-3 combats through the devil parallels the 3 combats beowulf ) a Christian warrior come one0 had actually with 3 evil soul (symbolize devil).

Devil shows up as a dragon in the third fight. Beowulf represents Christ when his enemies symbolize the devil. (Beowulf"s third fight was through a dragon together was Christ"s 3rd fight).

St. Augustine- top top Christian theory (book offered to teach future priest)

Beowulf- key character, hero, deadline successes to God only; helps Hrothgar to repay debt (his kindness).

King Hrothgar- guilty that sin the pride; reminds beowulf of what the did for Beowulf"s father.

Ecgtheow- Beowulf"s father, came to be outlawed by his human being ( since of death & war).

Unferth Dane- taunts beo wolf as competition offers Beowulf an excellent sword before fight with Grendel"s mom.

Eschere- Hrothgar"s closestly advisor and friend eliminated by Grendel"s mother in her fight that revenge.

King Hygelac- (son the Hrethel) great king; yet becomes offensive; he attacks Frisians and also they counterattack kills all, however Beowulf. He kills 30 Franks and also swims increase Rhine river to home.

*killed in battle, guilty of sin of proud

King Heardred: son of Hygelac; drops into some trap together his dad did; strikes Sweden yet is killed throughout the raid.

Wiglaf: only soldier who stayed to assist Beowulf slay the dragon.

-Beowulf doesn"t boast as before when that goes to challenge the dragon. He"s learned humility or else he realizes that can"t live approximately it.

-He deals with the dragon alone. His thanes went to woods because that safety.

-Line 2487, Wiglaf feeling it"s his duty to help the king.

-Not an excellent ending. Swedes will"swarm" the land. Will be greedy choose monsters. Beo wolf isn"t over there to defend them.