Quick answer: Laser printers use an electric charge to lure toner particles to a transfer roller. Toner particles space pressed onto a item of paper, when heat and pressure from the fuser unit permanently resolve the picture onto the page.

You are watching: Which type of printer uses lasers and electrical charges to transfer images to paper

This video below outlines just how laser printers work. As you"ll see, it is a complex dance of data, static electricity, and light. We’ll go into more detail around how laser printers work below.

How go a laser printer work? (animation):

The 7 Laser to press Steps

You may look at your laser printer and curse — “Why room laser printers therefore fickle and fraught through problems?”

Calm down, bro!

The laser printer process is intricate. Let’s take it a look.

Here is the specific step-by-step process laser printers use:

Step 1: Sending

To start the laser press process, the paper is broken down right into digital data and also sent native the respective computer system to the printer.

In a feat that binary wizardry, printers reassemble this computer system data into a published image. Laser printers will record the data and procedure the digital document.

Step 2: Cleaning

Laser printers leaving a residue top top the printer drum. Cleaning is a physical and also electrical procedure carried the end in order come remove the previous publish job and also prepare the photosensitive north for the brand-new print job.

During the cleaning process, remnants that toner top top the drum room scraped away by a rubber-cleaning blade into a debris cavity. Electric charges remaining on the drum from the prior publish job are defused by electrostatic erase lamps within laser printers.

Lubrication is then used to the warm roller in order to make certain an sufficient amount of heat is evenly applied to carry the just arrive image.

Step 3: Conditioning

The process called air conditioning involves using a charge to the north unit and the document as the passes through the corona wire. Adding a static fee to the file allows photo to it is in electrostatically transferred to the laser printer page.

Yeah, revolution electricity!

The same pressure that renders your socks pole to your sweaters when they come out of the dryer likewise works within laser printers!

The major chargeroller springs come life,spinning the nearby organic photoconductor (OPC) drum. Ions on the corona cable coat the drum through static electricity. The electro-photographic procedure begins at the molecular level. The drum completes its revolution, slathered with a an adverse charge.


Step 4: Exposing

Laser time! The next step is exposing. Here, the photosensitive drum is exposed come a laser beam. Every area the the north exposed to the laser has its surface charge decreased to around 100 volts DC.

An invisible latent publish is produced as the printer"s north turns. The photo that will ultimately be printed exists because that the an initial time together a thin layer of electron on the OPC drum.

The darkness within the printer cartridge is broken by the light of the laser. The beam bounces off a spinning, multi-sided mirror and also breaks into countless rays of information, spraying the OPC drum v its knowledge, turning the negative charges positive.

Line-by-line, the laser speak to the revolving surface ar of the north unit, relenten a web page with the language of fee toner particles. This part is black, this component is yellow, and also this part...yes, this part...is wonderfully magenta. The north wears a positively charged photo on the surface, prepared to deliver onto the paper.


Step 5: Developing

In the occurring stage, toner is applied to the latent picture on the drum. Toner is composed of negatively fee powdered plastics — black, cyan, magenta, and yellow. The drum is organized at a microscopic distance from the toner by a control blade.

Toner is 85-95% finely ground plastic. Various other toner ingredients used in printers encompass colored pigments, fumed silica, and also control agents.

Silica keeps the toner corpuscle from clumping and also sticking together. It additionally helps the toner circulation smoothly native the cartridge to the printer. Bits of zinc, iron, and also chromium are offered as manage agents to maintain the an unfavorable electrostatic fee of the toner particles.

A variety of colours are used to develop colored press toner cartridges.

The complying with pigments supplied are:

Yellow. Pigment yellow 180, composed of a Benzimidazole.Magenta.Pigment red 122, created of 2,9-Dimethyl-Quinacridone.Cyan.Pigment blue 15:3, created of Copper Phthalocyanine.Black laser tonersstill contain carbon black powder, together in early laser toner models, merged with powdered plastic.


Step 6: Transferring

Next come transferring. The second corona wire, or transport roller, uses a hopeful charge top top thepaper. The agitator unit inside the toner cartridge hopper spins, and also the toner starts to warm up.

The toner adder spins, pulling toner in, gathering toner dust on its surface. A medical professional blade sweeps over the adjacent developer roller, leveling the toner to a specific height.

All the spinning and also commotion has actually left the magenta particles on its surface ar with a an unfavorable charge, and when it comes in call with the positively charged picture on the OPC drum, the laws of attraction take over. The negatively fee toner on the surface ar of the drum is magnetically attractive to the positive charged areas on the paper.

The magenta toner particles space pulled indigenous the developer onto the drum according come the specific instructions left by the laser. A couple of magenta toner particles here, several there, and also a bunch an ext that will blend with black, yellow, and blue to type a rainbow that beautiful colors.

The sheet of document passes over each color cartridge -- magenta, yellow, cyan, and finally black — as the picture is moved onto the paper.

Step 7: Fusing

The final phase is fusing. Heat and also pressure are used to the toner by the fuser unit. The toner generates a long-term bond together it is pressed and also melted right into the paper. Teflon covers the fuser unit as a irradiate silicon oil is applied in order come remove any possibility of the paper of record sticking come them.

The fuser unit essentially melts the toner flour onto the page, creating the image. A wiper blade cleans any kind of remaining particles turn off the OPC drum and also deposits them right into a waste bin. Any type of latent charge left on areas of the drum surface ar is erased, restored, refreshed, and ready because that the laser printer to sing again.

Excess toner not transferred to the OPC north is scrubbed indigenous the developer unit and returned to the hopper to be supplied again ~ above the following printed page. Toner that remains on the OPC drum and not moved is wiped into a garbage toner bin.

You might Be Wondering: What Is The background of Laser Printers?

The climb of laser printer modern technology has its roots in the dot-matrix printers and mimeograph makers of the 1950s and ‘60s.

Who developed the laser printer?

Well, IBM pioneered the dot-matrix printer in 1957 and Xerox released its first photocopier two years later.

The dot-matrix printing an approach used an octopus ribbon (similar come those discovered on hand-operated typewriters) and a series of tiny dots to render low-resolution images and text.

Laser printers are comparable to photocopiers, however, the photocopier, by contrast, offered a novel and also “dry” printing an innovation called xerography. Once referred to as electrophotography, xerography used a confident and negative electrical fee to attract toner particles onto paper. The fragment would stick to charged locations on the page.

In 1967, an enterprising engineer in ~ Xerox named Gary Keith Starkweather came up v the idea of photocopiers producing images sent straight from a computer. Return his supervisors at Xerox frowned ~ above the idea, Starkweather gone after this unique printer concept.

Starkweather modification a copier, instead of the imaging unit through a laser beam and an eight-sided rotating mirror. The laser left a positive charged photo on the surface ar of a sheet of paper. Negatively charged toner particles attached themselves to paper, and also a heating aspect fused them to the page.

Xerox debuted the very first commercial laser press for the service office, the Xerox 9700, in 1977. Coincidentally, HP began marketing inkjet printers for the residence office that same year, though they didn’t acquire popularity until the mid-’80s.

Are Laser Printers better Than Inkjet?

Not necessarily. If you printing thousands of pages and high volume, you need to seriously consider a laser printer. The will reduced your as whole cost per page.

While laser printers were as soon as much much more costly than inkjet printers, advancements in technology have narrowed that price gap. Examine the data; there’s no need to tighten her belt in order come afford a laser printer. Lock cost about the same as ink-based printers now.

Inkjets are an excellent for glossy photo prints, or a house office that doesn’t print at high volume. As expected, one inkjet printer offers ink, and also replacement ink is expensive!

Sure, brand-new OEM toner cartridges aren’t cheap either, but the web page yields space much higher than you’ll get from an squid cartridge. In general, you can print numerous pages per inkjet cartridge however thousands the pages per toner cartridge.


Catch A Toner Buzz

As you deserve to see, laser print is a highly complex process v a the majority of moving parts inside the printer. The means a laser printer functions is sophisticated. This is why there are so plenty of risks associated with utilizing compatible or remanufactured laser print products, especially knock-off toners.

See more: How Long Is A High School Hockey Game ? How Long Are Hockey Games

Brand name, genuine, Original equipment Manufacturer (OEM) laser toner cartridges lug fewer dangers than compatible and remanufactured toner cartridges. To add non-OEM toner cartridges supply inferior publish quality and lower web page yields than name brands.

The same goes for ink! Stick through OEM ink and also toner because that all her imaging machines!