The metric system gives a logical means to theorem numbers and also mathematical thinking. The system is arranged by providing names to every order of magnitude; that is, every time zeros are included to the place value (ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.), metric device prefixes are provided to show the value. Take a look at the most common metric mechanism prefixes and where you’ll find them.


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metric mechanism prefixes millimeter on ruler

Common Metric device Prefixes and also Definitions

Metric mechanism prefixes come prior to a straightforward unit of measure to indicate a multiple (or submultiple) of that unit. An easy metric units and also what they measure include:

meter (length)gram (mass)liter (volume)second (time)

Prefixes are included as ar values room added. For example, including kilo- come the unit “meter” makes “kilometer,” or one thousand meters. But adding milli- to “meter” creates “millimeter,” which method one thousandth that a meter. Below is a table that the most typically used metric prefixes that deserve to be included to the an easy units that measurement.

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Metric Prefix

Notation

Place Value

pico-

0.000000000001

trillionth

nano-

0.000000001

billionth

micro-

0.000001

millionth

milli-

0.001

thousandth

centi-

0.01

hundredth

deci-

0.1

tenth

1

one (no prefix)

deca-

10

ten

hecta-

100

hundred

kilo-

1,000

thousand

mega-

1,000,000

million

giga-

1,000,000,000

billion

tera-

1,000,0000,000,000

trillion

Metric system prefixes provide a simple method to understand precisely what each unit that measurement represents in the metric system, due to the fact that the prefixes phone call you just how much larger a unit is 보다 the base unit. Take a look in ~ the most frequently used metric prefixes because that length, mass, volume, and time.


Metric Prefixes because that Length

When you’re measuring exactly how long miscellaneous is with the metric system, you use meters. Right here are the prefixes most commonly used with words “meter” to describe length.

Metric Prefix

Place worth Definition

Usage for Length

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

milliliter, milligram

centi-

0.01(hundredth)

centimeter

deci-

0.1(tenth)

decimeter

1(one)

meter (no prefix for base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decameter (or dekameter)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectometer

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kilometer


Metric Prefixes for Mass

Measurements the mass tell you just how much matter things contains. The an easy unit for load is grams, and it arrays from a metric ton come a tiny milligram. Right here are the prefixes for metric dimensions of mass.

Metric Prefix

Place value Definition

Usage for Mass

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

milligram

centi-

0.01(hundredth)

centigram

deci-

0.1(tenth)

decigram

1(one)

gram (no prefix for base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decagram (or dekagram)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectogram

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kilogram

mega-

1,000,000(million)

megagram (metric ton)


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Metric Prefixes for Volume

If you want to know how much room an object takes up, measure its volume v liters. Huge volumes space measured in kiloliters, while tiny volumes are normally measured in milliliters. Here are the most common metric prefixes and their interpretations for volume measurement.

Metric Prefix

Place Value

Usage for Length

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

milliliter

centi-

0.01(hundredth)

centiliter

deci-

0.1(tenth)

deciliter

1(one)

liter (no prefix because that base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decaliter (or dekaliter)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectoliter

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kiloliter


Metric Prefixes because that Time

You may have actually heard the native “nanosecond” or “millisecond” before, but what around “decasecond?” it’s less usual in daily life 보다 in a chemistry or physics report, yet multiples of time use metric prefixes as well. Take it a look at these prefixes used to measure up time.

Metric Prefix

Place worth Definition

Usage for size (Common Units)

nano-

0.00001 (billionth)

nanosecond

micro-

0.0001(millionth)

microsecond

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

millisecond

1(one)

second (no prefix because that base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decasecond (0.17 minutes)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectosecond (1.67 minutes)

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kilosecond (16.7 minutes)

mega-

1,000,000

(million)

megasecond (11.6 days)

giga-

1,000,000,000(billion)

(31.7 years)


Everyday ubraintv-jp.com the Metric system Prefixes

A few metric prefixes have end up being common in areas of language not regarded measurement. Because that example, mega- is often included to any type of word colloquially to present that miscellaneous is really large.

The Mega Millions jackpot is large this weekend.The mega-monster is certain to be featured in the movie"s sequel.Be certain to avoid at the store’s mega-savings sale tomorrow.We can not hear you; usage the megaphone to speak.

Likewise, micro- has come to be common to show that miscellaneous is really small.

See more: Q: How Much Do Pediatricians Make A Week In 2021? Pediatrician Salary In Texas

That micro-apartment in Manhattan quiet costs much more than I have the right to afford.There"s a fancy new microbrewery opening under the street.Use the microscope to examine the blood sample.I deserve to research past papers using the microfiche.
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