The metric system gives a logical means to theorem numbers and also mathematical thinking. The system is arranged by providing names to every order of magnitude; that is, every time zeros are included to the place value (ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.), metric device prefixes are provided to show the value. Take a look at the most common metric mechanism prefixes and where you’ll find them.
metric mechanism prefixes millimeter on ruler
Common Metric device Prefixes and also Definitions
Metric mechanism prefixes come prior to a straightforward unit of measure to indicate a multiple (or submultiple) of that unit. An easy metric units and also what they measure include:
meter (length)gram (mass)liter (volume)second (time)Prefixes are included as ar values room added. For example, including kilo- come the unit “meter” makes “kilometer,” or one thousand meters. But adding milli- to “meter” creates “millimeter,” which method one thousandth that a meter. Below is a table that the most typically used metric prefixes that deserve to be included to the an easy units that measurement.
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Metric Prefix | Notation | Place Value |
pico- | 0.000000000001 | trillionth |
nano- | 0.000000001 | billionth |
micro- | 0.000001 | millionth |
milli- | 0.001 | thousandth |
centi- | 0.01 | hundredth |
deci- | 0.1 | tenth |
1 | one (no prefix) | |
deca- | 10 | ten |
hecta- | 100 | hundred |
kilo- | 1,000 | thousand |
mega- | 1,000,000 | million |
giga- | 1,000,000,000 | billion |
tera- | 1,000,0000,000,000 | trillion |
Metric system prefixes provide a simple method to understand precisely what each unit that measurement represents in the metric system, due to the fact that the prefixes phone call you just how much larger a unit is 보다 the base unit. Take a look in ~ the most frequently used metric prefixes because that length, mass, volume, and time.
Metric Prefixes because that Length
When you’re measuring exactly how long miscellaneous is with the metric system, you use meters. Right here are the prefixes most commonly used with words “meter” to describe length.
Metric Prefix | Place worth Definition | Usage for Length |
milli- | 0.001(thousandth) | milliliter, milligram |
centi- | 0.01(hundredth) | centimeter |
deci- | 0.1(tenth) | decimeter |
1(one) | meter (no prefix for base unit) | |
deca- (or deka-) | 10(ten) | decameter (or dekameter) |
hecto- | 100(hundred) | hectometer |
kilo- | 1,000(thousand) | kilometer |
Metric Prefixes for Mass
Measurements the mass tell you just how much matter things contains. The an easy unit for load is grams, and it arrays from a metric ton come a tiny milligram. Right here are the prefixes for metric dimensions of mass.
Metric Prefix | Place value Definition | Usage for Mass |
milli- | 0.001(thousandth) | milligram |
centi- | 0.01(hundredth) | centigram |
deci- | 0.1(tenth) | decigram |
1(one) | gram (no prefix for base unit) | |
deca- (or deka-) | 10(ten) | decagram (or dekagram) |
hecto- | 100(hundred) | hectogram |
kilo- | 1,000(thousand) | kilogram |
mega- | 1,000,000(million) | megagram (metric ton) |
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Metric Prefixes for Volume
If you want to know how much room an object takes up, measure its volume v liters. Huge volumes space measured in kiloliters, while tiny volumes are normally measured in milliliters. Here are the most common metric prefixes and their interpretations for volume measurement.
Metric Prefix | Place Value | Usage for Length |
milli- | 0.001(thousandth) | milliliter |
centi- | 0.01(hundredth) | centiliter |
deci- | 0.1(tenth) | deciliter |
1(one) | liter (no prefix because that base unit) | |
deca- (or deka-) | 10(ten) | decaliter (or dekaliter) |
hecto- | 100(hundred) | hectoliter |
kilo- | 1,000(thousand) | kiloliter |
Metric Prefixes because that Time
You may have actually heard the native “nanosecond” or “millisecond” before, but what around “decasecond?” it’s less usual in daily life 보다 in a chemistry or physics report, yet multiples of time use metric prefixes as well. Take it a look at these prefixes used to measure up time.
Metric Prefix | Place worth Definition | Usage for size (Common Units) |
nano- | 0.00001 (billionth) | nanosecond |
micro- | 0.0001(millionth) | microsecond |
milli- | 0.001(thousandth) | millisecond |
1(one) | second (no prefix because that base unit) | |
deca- (or deka-) | 10(ten) | decasecond (0.17 minutes) |
hecto- | 100(hundred) | hectosecond (1.67 minutes) |
kilo- | 1,000(thousand) | kilosecond (16.7 minutes) |
mega- | 1,000,000 (million) | megasecond (11.6 days) |
giga- | 1,000,000,000(billion) | (31.7 years) |
Everyday ubraintv-jp.com the Metric system Prefixes
A few metric prefixes have end up being common in areas of language not regarded measurement. Because that example, mega- is often included to any type of word colloquially to present that miscellaneous is really large.
The Mega Millions jackpot is large this weekend.The mega-monster is certain to be featured in the movie"s sequel.Be certain to avoid at the store’s mega-savings sale tomorrow.We can not hear you; usage the megaphone to speak.Likewise, micro- has come to be common to show that miscellaneous is really small.
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