Shared beliefs of the Abrahamic Religions

Judaism, Christianity, and also Islam comprise what are dubbed the Abrahamic religions. Because that the last pair of thousand years, there has frequently been conflict between the Abrahamic religions. Together a result, many world think the they are very different, but there space actually plenty of shared ideas between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These shared beliefs, customs, and traditions include the importance of prayer, celebrations, charity and cleanliness, and pilgrimage.

Abraham

Most importantly, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are called the Abrahamic religions because of their origins. Every Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe that God make a covenant, or agreement, with Abraham. This commitment made sure that believers would certainly keep faith in God and worship Him and also that this practice of worship would continue for generations. In return, God would protect the children, grandchildren, and also great-grandchildren that Abraham. This covenant ended up being the legacy, or trust, for the youngsters of Abraham to continue.


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Angels prevent Abraham from sacrifice his son to God (Public Domain).

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Abraham had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac. He resolved them in various parts the the Arabian Peninsula: Isaac close to Jerusalem and also Ishmael close to Mecca. The descendants of Isaac ended up being Jews and also Christians, and the progeny of Ishmael ended up being Muslims. Both Isaac and also Ishmael are important for every the Abrahamic religions.

The most important part of Abraham’s story is his faith and obedience to God. The publication of Genesis, which both Judaism and also Christianity use, speak this story. God calls come Abraham, and also he replies “Here i am.” Obedience come God very important in Islam as well. When Muslim pilgrims to speak “Labaik! Allahuma labaik!” as they strategy the sanctuary in ~ Mecca — i beg your pardon they believe Abraham built —they space repeating, “Here ns am, Lord, at your Command!”

Another important component of Abraham’s story is central to the shared beliefs of the Abrahamic religions. In this story, God tells Abraham in a dream come sacrifice his son. Abraham and also his boy were all set to obey this magnificent command. But, instead, God redeemed the sacrifice v a splendid ram. This miracle expected that God does no require human sacrifice, however only the willingness to obey.

While the story is the same among the monotheistic traditions, the Bible and also Quran interpret it slightly differently. The story in the scriptures says that the kid to be sacrificed was Isaac, if the Quran states it was Ishmael. The class of obedience and strength the faith, however, is the same.

Celebrations

Each Abrahamic confidence observes a few major celebrations transparent the year. Both Judaism and also Islam follow a lunar calendar because that the time of these celebrations. A lunar cycle complies with the phases that the moon, which means that the celebrations take place at a various time every year. Part Christian feast job are also influenced through the lunar calendar.

Key Jewish celebrations include Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot, Chanukkah, and also Purim. These celebrations recall events in the dramatic background of the Jewish people.

Key Christian celebrations incorporate Advent, Christmas, Lent, an excellent Friday, Easter, and also Pentecost. This celebrations honor the occasions in the life that Jesus Christ. Jesus is crucial prophet in both Christianity and Islam, and both religions believe that he is the Messiah.

Key Islamic celebrations encompass Ramadan and also Eid al-Fitr; Hajj and Eid al-Adha. Ramadan is considered a holy month of fasting and also is commanded in the Quran. Muslims abstain from eating or drinking from sunrise to sunset throughout that month. They additionally focus on forgiveness and also special prayers.


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Muslims performing Hajj roughly the Kaaba in Mecca (Aldi Wahid ~ above Wikimedia).

The feast day that ends Ramadan is called Eid al-Fitr. The ritual journey, or pilgrimage, to Mecca called the Hajj and Eid al-Adha both commemorate occasions in the life of Abraham and also his family.

Fasting — going there is no food or details kinds of foods — for a period of time is a common form of praise in the Abrahamic tradition. Fasts are frequently related to divine days in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Each of the Abrahamic religions has actually days the fasting, in which human being deny us the plain necessities of life because that a time that remembrance — and feast days of thankfulness. Sharing food and also other presents with family, neighbors, and needy human being are common ways to celebrate these days. People likewise attend special services of worship as component of this celebrations.

Prayer

Belief in the need to worship God is typical to every religions. The many basic kind of prayer is prayer. Each legacy prescribes specific words and also requirements because that prayer, which takes ar at appointed times of day. Public prayer in residences of praise is typical to all three faiths: because that Jews on Saturday, for Christians top top Sunday, and for Muslims on Friday, and during celebrations throughout the year.

Another that the shared ideas of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam is the recognition of the an individual and private prayer of every believer. What’smore, the desire come speak with God is common among people everywhere, whether they monitor a particular spiritual tradition or not.


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Muslims praying in Cairo (Jean-Léon Gérôme).

According to many adherents the the Abrahamic faiths, prayers noting the times of day and also the yearly bicycle are among the most crucial signs of obedience come God. Together rituals are also the source of scientific efforts to attain accurate timekeeping and also calendars. The work-related of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim astronomers mirrors this common and also shared effort.

Charity and Purification

Another common practice in the Abrahamic heritage is providing charity as an act of kindness, to assist the poor, or together a method to comprise for bad deeds. The idea that riches is purified through giving is additionally common come the 3 traditions.


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A Muslim performing ritual wudu, or washing before prayer (circa 1865).

Water additionally has a spiritual meaning in the Abrahamic faiths. Purification of the body prior to prayer and in connection with other rituals is a typical theme.

Pilgrimage

The three faiths likewise share comparable concepts that a pilgrimage. Adherents of this faiths journey in search of knowledge to divine sites. There, they look for forgiveness and also strengthen their link with God.

However, each trip involves different destinations. Muslims make a expedition to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, as one of Islam’s 5 pillars of faith. Christians celebrate a long heritage of visiting the divine land and also other shrines. Meanwhile, Jews travel to the website of the temple in Jerusalem together a expedition destination.

Individuals and communities monitor ethical, practical, and spiritual laws. They likewise participate in worship. Leaders room those who space specially trained in the knowledge of the faith and care the the community and its members. They play roles in guiding the faithful.

In Judaism, a Rabbi is a religious leader. Rabbis obtain rigorous maintain in the scriptures and also other Judaic writings. The word in Hebrew means “my master.” Rabbis preside end Jewish congregations in homes of worship referred to as synagogues.

In Christianity, priests and pastors serve as component of a church hierarchy, or ranking of authorities. Only trained, ordained, or initiated priests have the right to fulfill particular sacred functions of prayer for the lay, or ordinary, people. Priests and pastors preside end Christian congregations in homes of worship referred to as churches.

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In Islam, there is no priesthood, ordination, or spiritual hierarchy. A prayer leader is an imam, which method “one who stands in front” the the currently of worshippers. Imams can lead prayers for groups of men and women in Muslim dwellings of worship dubbed mosques.

Leaders who market advice on just how to exercise Islam, top top the law, and other kinds of accuse are referred to as alim (sing., AH-lim) or ulema (pl., oo-leh-MA). The word way “one who has actually knowledge.”