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Portrait the Benjamin F. Wade from Jefferson, Ashtabula County, Ohio, ca. 1894-1912. He served as United says Senator from Ohio from 1859 to 1869. Wade to be the Republican Party nominee because that Vice president in 1868. Wade died in 1878 and also this portrait was created as a memorial come the Senator after his death.

In 1864, throughout the American civil War, Ohioan Benjamin Franklin Wade, a United claims Senator, and also Henry Winter Davis, a United states Representative native Maryland, presented the Wade-Davis Bill. This regulation sought to create a policy for how seceded claims would rejoin the unified States adhering to the war"s conclusion. It forced fifty percent the white southerly voters living in a seceded state to take an oath that allegiance come the unified States prior to the state could apply for readmission to the Union. The bill conveniently passed Congress, however President Abraham Lincoln refused to sign it. Lincoln favored a much much more lenient policy and also the bill never became law.

Many members the the Senate and also the residence of Representatives were Radical Republicans and also desired to punish the southern for causing the American civil War. The Congress repetitively the fairly lenient plans of Presidents Lincoln and Johnson to reunite the country upon the war"s conclusion.

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Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio"s War: The Civil war in Documents. Athens: Ohio college Press, 2007.  Donald, David Herbert. The politics of Reconstruction, 1863-1867. Cambridge, MA: Harvard university Press, 1984.  Foner, Eric. A Short background of Reconstruction. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1990.Mantell, boy name E. Johnson, Grant, and also the politics of Reconstruction. Brand-new York, NY: Columbia college Press, 1973.  Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: her Statesmen, Generals and also Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.Richardson, heather Cox. The fatality of Reconstruction: Race, Labor, and also Politics in the Post-Civil battle North, 1865-1901. Cambridge, MA: Harvard college Press, 2001.  Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil battle Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.  Simpson, Brooks D. Let Us have Peace: Ulysses S. Grant and also the politics of War and also Reconstruction, 1861-1868. Chapel Hill: The college of phibìc Carolina Press, 1991.  Simpson, Brooks D. The restoration Presidents. Lawrence: University push of Kansas, 1998.  Trefousse, Hans Louis. Benjamin Franklin Wade: Radical Republican native Ohio. Brand-new York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1963.  Weisenburger, Francis P. The happen of the Frontier: 1825-1850.

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Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1941.