Baja California Peninsula, also known as reduced California Peninsula, is a peninsula in north America, separating the Gulf of California indigenous the Pacific Ocean. The peninsula is a mexico territory and bordered to the north by the US. It extends roughly 1,247 kilometers and also comprises two Mexican states; Baja California Sur and also Baja California. The peninsula is characterized by a unique landscape and also rich marine life, making it among Mexico’s most visited destinations. The region has four desert areas, consisting of the central Coast Desert, san Felipe Desert, Magdalena plain Desert, and the Vizcaino Desert.

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Baja California Peninsula Baja California Peninsula is situated in Northwestern Mexico and also separated indigenous the mainland by the Gulf the California. It is bordered to the phibìc by the US says of California and Arizona, south and also west through the Pacific Ocean, northeast by Sonora, and Southeast by Sinaloa, through the Gulf the California separating the peninsula from the 2 Mexican states.


Cacti cultivation on the mountainous landscape of Baja California Baja California Peninsula is roughly 1,247 kilometers lengthy from Mexicali in the phibìc to Cabo san Lucas in the South. It is 40 kilometers broad at the narrowest section close come La Paz, Baja California Sur, and also 320 kilometers large at the widest point. Its coastline is approximately 3,000 kilometers long and has around 100 islands, of i m sorry 37 space in the Sea the Cortez. The peninsula is separated indigenous Mexico"s mainland by about 258 kilometers in ~ the farthest allude and share a soil border through the state the Sonora. That covers roughly 143,390 square kilometers.


Beach follow me the Baja California Peninsula coastline.  Initially, Baja California Peninsula was component of the north American Plate. However, the east Pacific rise initiated the separation that the plate and also the peninsula around 12-15 million year ago. Currently, the peninsula is component of the Pacific Plate and also is gradually moving in a northwestward direction, far from the east Pacific Rise.

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A fault block, climbing from the gulf side and also slopping in the direction of the Pacific, is the peninsula’s main geologic feature. The feature comprises a chain of hill peaks developing the Peninsular Ranges. The Sierra san Pedro Martir consists of the highest point on the peninsula, Picacho del Diablo, in ~ 3,096 meters. Other hill ranges on the peninsula are Sierra de Juarez, Sierra de la Giganta, and Sierra de san Borja. Volcanoes and lava flow dominate the peninsula’s center, including Las Tres Virgenes in ~ 1,996 meters over sea level, critical erupted in 1746.

Brief history

European explorers taken into consideration the peninsula’s visibility as a myth before its discovery. The idea that its existence very first appeared in a 1510 novel writer by Garci Rodriguez de Montalvo, as the Island that California. In 1539, if Francisco de Ulloa was experimenting Mexico"s west coast, he shown that California to be a peninsula and not an island as earlier thought.

Until 1804, the Peninsula was referred to as las Californias under Spanish rule. Later, that was separated into 2 territories; Baja and Alta California. In 1848, Mexico ceded Alta California come the us (admitted come the Union as California in 1850).

Baja California Peninsula was separated into two territories, southern and northern territories, in 1931. The phibìc Territory came to be Mexico’s 29th state as Baja California, when the south Territory to be renamed Baja California Sur.