Appendix N - Composite hazard Management

Composite Risk administration (CRM) is a decision-making procedure used to reduce risks linked with all hazards that have the potential to injure or death personnel, damages or destroy equipment, or otherwise influence mission effectiveness. The major premise that CRM is the it go not issue where or just how loss occurs since the result is the same - decreased mission effectiveness. The guiding values of CRM are:

integrate CRM right into all phases that missions and operations. Reliable CRM requires the process be incorporated into all phases the mission or work planning, preparation, execution, and also recovery. Make threat decisions in ~ the suitable level. Together a decision-making tool, CRM is only efficient when the details is passed to the proper level that command because that decision. Leaders are required to establish and publish approval authority because that decision making. This might be a different policy, specifically addressed in regulation guidance, or addressed in the commander\"s maintain guidance. Approval government for hazard decision do is usually based upon guidance from greater headquarters. Accept no unnecessary risk. Accept no level of threat unless the potential gain or advantage outweighs the potential loss.

CRM is a decision-making device to assist the commander, leader, or individual in identifying, assessing, and also controlling dangers to make notified decisions the balance risk prices (losses) versus mission benefits (potential gains).

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apply the procedure cyclically and also continuously. CRM is a continuous process applied across the complete spectrum of military training and also operations, individual and collective day-to-day activities and events, and base to work functions. It is a cyclic procedure that is offered to continuously identify and assess hazards, develop and implement controls, and evaluate outcomes. Carry out not be danger averse. Identify and control the hazards; complete the mission.

Composite Risk administration Steps

CRM is a five-step process:

action 1: recognize hazards. Step 2: Assess perils to determine risk. Step 3: construct controls and make threat decisions. Step 4: perform controls. Step 5: Supervise and also evaluate.

Steps 1 and also 2 are assessment steps, and also Steps 3 v 5 are management steps.

When the CRM is overlaid v the troop-leading procedures, the result is as displayed in figure N-1.

figure N-1. CRM and troop leading procedures

To preserve continuity with mission tasks and also requirements, the is essential to track the CRM process in a standardization manner. Plenty of tools are easily accessible that deserve to be tailored to portray CRM info to fit a particular mission, situation, operation, or event. When time and situation allow, the military standard CRM worksheet (Department of the Army type 7566, Composite Risk administration Worksheet) or an digital version will certainly be offered to document the CRM process.

Key Definitions

Hazard: A condition with the potential to reason injury, illness, or death of personnel; damages to or lose of devices or property; or mission degradation. A hazard may also be a situation or event that can result in deterioration of capability or mission failure. Perils exist in all atmospheres - combat operations, security operations, base assistance operations, training, garrison activities, and also off-duty activities.

Danger: Exposure or vulnerability to injury or risk, the balance in between the possibility or probability of a hazardous incident, and also the an outcome of the hazardous incident.

Risk: Probability and also severity of loss connected to hazards.

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Risk management: The procedure of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks occurring from work factors and also making decisions the balance risk expense with mission benefits.


Field hands-on 5-19, Composite hazard Management, room of the Army, respectable 2006.