element 35 of routine table is Bromine v atomic number 35, atomic load 79.904. Bromine, symbol Br, has a Base centered Orthorhombic structure and Red color. Bromine is a halogens element. Trivial surname of Bromine is halogens*. Recognize everything around Bromine Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Bromine (from ancient Greek:βρῶμος, brómos, an interpretation "stench") is a chemical element with prize Br, and also atomic number 35. It is a halogen. The element was isolated separately by 2 chemists, Carl Jacob Löwig and Antoine Jerome Balard, in 1825–1826.
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Read vital information and facts about element Bromine
|group in periodic Table||17|
|Group Name||fluorine family|
|period in periodic Table||4|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting allude||-7.3 °C|
|Boiling allude||59 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 18, 7>|
How to locate Bromine on routine Table
Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is very same as variety of electrons. The atom number rises from left come right. Periodic table start at peak left ( atomic number 1) and ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look because that atomic number 35 to find Bromine on periodic table.
Another way to read routine table and locate an facet is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To find Bromine on regular table look because that cross ar of group 17 and period 4 in the modern-day periodic table.
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Table that Contents
Atomic & orbit Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Bromine with various other elements
The aspect Bromine was found by Antoine Jérôme Balard in year 1826 in France . Bromine obtained its name from the Greek bromos, an interpretation "stench"
Bromine Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us
The table listed below shows the diversity of Bromine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|variety in universe||7×10-7%|
|abundance in sunlight||N/A|
|abundance in Meteorites||1.2e-06|
|Abundance in Earth"s tardy||3e-06|
|abundance in seas||6.7e-05|
|variety in humans||2.9e-06|
Crystal framework of Bromine
The solid state framework of Bromine is Base centered Orthorhombic.
The crystal structure can be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in 3 dimensional room to form the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths that the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are explained by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.
The symmetry nature of the decision are explained by the principle of room groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.
|space Group name||Cmca|| |
|an are Group Number||64|
|Crystal framework||Base centered Orthorhombic|
Bromine Atomic and Orbital Properties
Bromine atoms have actually 35 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 7> with Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.
|Number of electron (with no charge)||35|
|Number of Protons||35|
|Number of Neutrons||45|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 8, 18, 7>|
|Valence Electrons||4s2 4p5|
|Oxidation State||-1 1;3;4;5;7|
|Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||2P3/2|
Shell framework of Bromine - electrons per power level
Ground State digital Configuration the Bromine - neutral Bromine atomThe floor state digital configuration the Neutral Bromine atom is
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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Bromine
Complete soil state digital configuration because that the Bromine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5
Atomic framework of Bromine
Bromine atomic radius is 94 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 114 pm.
|atom Radius|| |
94 afternoon (0.94 Å)
|Atomic Volume||25.6102564103 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||114 pm (1.14 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||185 pm|
|ghost Cross ar||6.8 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum the Bromine
Bromine chemical Properties: Bromine Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity the Bromine is 324.6 kJ/mol
Ionization power of Bromine
Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies the Bromine
Bromine physical Properties
Refer to below table for Bromine physical Properties
|Molar Volume||25.6102564103 cm3|
|mass Modulus||1.9 GPa|
Hardness that Bromine - exam to measure up of Hardness the Element
Bromine electric Properties
Bromine is Insulator the electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties the Bromine
|electric Conductivity||1×10-10 S/m|
|Resistivity||1×1010 m Ω|
Bromine Heat and also Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.12 W/(m K)|
Bromine Magnetic Properties
|fixed Magnetic Susceptibility||-4.9×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-7.83×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.53e-05|
Optical nature of Bromine
|Refractive table of contents||1.001132|
Acoustic nature of Bromine
|speed of Sound||N/A|
Bromine heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer come table listed below for thermal properties that Bromine
|Melting suggest||265.8 K (-7.3 °C)|
|Boiling point||332 K (59 °C)|
|critical Temperature||588 K|
Enthalpies the Bromine
|heat of fusion||5.8 kJ/mol|
|warm of Vaporization||14.8 kJ/mol|
|heat of burning||N/A|
Bromine isotopes - atom Properties the Bromine
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally arising Bromine has actually 2 secure isotope - 79Br, 81Br.
Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|dot Hazard class||8|
|NFPA Fire Rating||0|
|NFPA hazards||Oxidizing Agent|
|NFPA wellness Rating||3|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||0|
list of unique identifiers to search the aspect in various chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts company (CAS)||CAS7726-95-6|