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Caracas, city, resources of Venezuela, and one of the major cities of southern America. It is Venezuela’s biggest urban agglomeration and also the country’s major centre that industry, commerce, education, and culture. Founded in 1567 as Santiago de León de Caracas, the city grew slowly until the 1940s, after which it expanded by huge proportions, and its influence involved extend to also the remotest parts of the country. In enhancement to its role as the national capital, Caracas serves as the chair of federal government for the resources District, consisting of an area of 167 square mile (433 square km). The city itself, however, spreads throughout the funding District boundary, a considerable component of its area lie in the state that Miranda, which boundaries the district on the east and south. Pop. (2001) 1,836,032; (2011) 1,942,652.


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Physical and also human geography


City site

The Andes Mountains expand eastward from Colombia across all of northern Venezuela to the island that Trinidad. The site of Caracas is a high rift sink within this system; hence, mountains enclose the city at all cardinal points. The Cordillera del Litoral, i beg your pardon rises above 8,600 feet (2,600 metres) at the Pico asian and above 7,000 feet (2,100 metres) in ~ El Avila, towers high above the city and limits its development northward. The Serranía del Interior, come the south, is lower however nevertheless rugged. The major river draining the sink is the Guaire, as soon as relatively large but now decreased in volume and also highly polluted. Its major affluent in the city area is the Río El Valle, and also others incorporate the Quebrada Baruta and Quebrada Anauco.


Caracas, Venezuela
Caracas, Venezuela, at night.
Jeremy Woodhouse—Digital Vision/Getty Images

Increasingly, the civic centre that Caracas is relocating eastward towards the Parque main and Plaza Venezuela. This ar focuses about a monument come Christopher Columbus, but much more conspicuous is a cluster of skyscrapers, including another set of twin towers that are amongst the tallest buildings in every one of Latin America. Started in 1971, these frameworks soar to a elevation of 725 feet (221 metres) over street level. To plan to house the main offices that the national government, every tower is fitted for helicopter landings ~ above its roof and also affords a spectacular see of the whole valley. After a destructive fire in 2004, the east tower required comprehensive reconstruction. Surrounding are a number of other essential city landmarks, consisting of the botanical Garden, numerous museums, Parque Los Caobos, and the main University the Venezuela.

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Still farther eastward the principal landmarks of the city are the Caracas country Club, the Parque Nacional del Este, and the Francisco de Miranda Airport. The city has likewise expanded southward over the hillsides and along valleys tributary to the Guaire River.