What is Dipole Moment?

A dipole moment arises in any type of system in which there is a separation the charge. They can, therefore, happen in ionic bonds and also in covalent bonds. Dipole moments occur because of the distinction in electronegativity between two chemically bonded atoms.

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A bond dipole minute is a measure of the polarity of a chemical bond in between two atoms in a molecule. It requires the ide of electrical dipole moment, which is a measure of the separation of an adverse and positive charges in a system.

The link dipole moment is a vector quantity because it has both magnitude and also direction. An illustration explicate the dipole moment that arises in one HCl (hydrochloric acid) molecule is detailed below.

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Dipole minute Formula

A dipole moment is the product of the size of the charge and also the distance between the centers of the confident and an adverse charges. That is denoted by the Greek letter ‘µ’.

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Mathematically,

Dipole minute (µ) = charge (Q) * street of separation (r)

It is measure in Debye units denoted through ‘D’. 1 D = 3.33564 × 10-30 C.m, wherein C is Coulomb and m denotes a meter.

The link dipole minute that occurs in a chemistry bond between two atom of various electronegativities deserve to be expressed together follows:

μ =