In the vault section, friend were introduced to some basic characteristics of a region. In this section, you will certainly learn around the varieties of regions. The concept of areas can use to numerous neighboring nations that share some of the exact same characteristics, or the can use to locations within a country. The is likewise important to recognize that one place can be included in an ext than one region.

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There space three species of regions: formal, functional, and perceptual.


Formal Region

A formal an ar is one area inhabited by human being who have actually one or much more characteristics in common. Shared features may it is in a common language, financial activities, such together a particular crop production, or physics characteristics, such together the climate of one area. Part formal regions have distinct limits which do them straightforward to identify, such together counties or states. Instances of formal regions are Europe, Africa, joined States, and also Canada.


Functional Region

A functional region is one area organized to role politically, socially, and also economically together a solitary unit. Sensible regions are centered on a focal allude that associate other areas by various systems, such as transportation, communication, or economic activities. Cities have the right to be considered functional regions because highways, railroads, subways, and also buses move people from the suburbs come the central areas that the city. Other examples of sensible regions room television signal areas, Wi-Fi hotspots, or pizza delivery areas. The brand-new York City subway system map, depicted to the right, is another example the a functional an ar where the subway system features with the main purpose of moving world between new York City and the far boroughs. It also functions as a technique of moving people within the city.

Perceptual Region

A perceptual an ar is based upon the common feelings and also attitudes of the people who live in the area. Perceptual regions reflect the social identity that the people in the region. The borders of perceptual regions are not always distinct, together they might be perceived differently from person to person. Perceptual areas are likewise called vernacular regions.


The scriptures Belt, pictured in the map above, is a perceptual an ar located mainly in the southern claims of the united States. This an ar is named for the strong religious presence the permeates the society of the area; over there are countless Christian and also Protestant-based churches throughout the area. The huge Apple (New York City), the Midwest, the South, and new England room other instances of perceptual regions in the joined States.

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roll over each an ar to view its location.


click on the correct region kind (formal, perceptual, or functional) in the chart listed below to classify every region.

Now that you have actually learned about formal, functional, and perceptual areas in the united States, usage what you have learned to check out regions around the world in the following section.

Source of images used in this section, together they appear top come bottom:

Location phibìc America, Bosonic Dressing, Wikipedia Refmap Physical phibìc America, main Intelligence agency NYC subway-4D, count Z, Wikipedia holy bible Belt, Qz10, Wikipedia Image that the united States, WikimediaPacific Northwest, Sebastian Helm, WikipediaNew England USA, MissMJ Map that USA Midwest, Beao, Wikipedia US south census, Gator87, Wikipedia