Scientists have actually turned water right into ice in nanoseconds, which means really, yes, really fast. That"s not the most exciting part, though. The ice is hotter 보다 boiling water.

You are watching: What happens when you compress water

The experiment was done at the Sandia nationwide Laboratories" huge Z machine, which generates temperature hotter than the sunlight (setting a record right here on Earth) and where researcher test what we know about those plain vanilla "phases" in textbooks: solid, liquid and also gas.

"The three phases the water as we know them—cold ice, room temperature liquid, and also hot vapor—are actually only a small component of water’s repertory that states," claimed Sandia researcher Daniel Dolan. "Compressing water customarily heats it. However under excessive compression, that is easier for thick water to go into its solid step than preserve the an ext energetic fluid phase ."

Ice is odd. Many things shrink when they get cold, and so they take it up less an are as solids 보다 as liquids. However regular ice, that course, takes up an ext space than water. A basic experiment of placing a (preferably cheap) complete water party in the freeze overnight will demonstrate this.

In the new experiment, however, the volume that "water shrank abruptly and discontinuously, consistent with the development of almost every known type of ice except the ordinary kind," according to a Sandia explain Thursday.

Apparently, there room at the very least 11 other species of ice that most of us don"t understand about. They"re divide by just how they act at details temperatures and pressures. You could have heard that one: Supercooled water have the right to be below 32 degrees yet not frozen.

Problem is, scientists don"t recognize the specifics of all these states. Therefore the Sandia research.

Dolan stated the occupational "helps us know materials at excessive conditions."

He to be surprised by how quickly the water froze. Rapid compression—around 70,000 times regular atmospheric press in a tiny fraction of a second—caused the fast freezing, he figures. When the pressure was relieved, the ice cream melted.

"Apparently it’s virtually difficult to save water from freezing at pressures beyond 70,000 atmospheres," Dolan said.

That"s good to know, for civilization who are trying to deal with water"s plenty of mysteries.

Why perform Icebergs Float?What provides Ice Cubes Cloudy?


Robert Roy Britt
Freelance writer Robert Roy Britt is an explainer of things, former editor-in-chief that, and author that the science thriller “5 Days to Landfall.” His writing ishere.

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