How come tell time top top a clock

To call time on an analog clock, friend look at whereby the hands space pointing. The quick or tiny hand speak you the hour, the lengthy or large hand speak you the minute of the existing hour, and the thinnest hand indicates the seconds of the current minute.

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Reading clocks is vital life skill because you see analog clocks and watches in your classroom, on people’s wrists, and in plenty of public places. You never understand when you will certainly be there is no a digital clock or digital clock you have actually on your cell phone.

Table the Contents

What Is one Analog Clock?How To check out An Analog Clock

What is an analog clock?

An analog clock is a timekeeping device with numbers approximately the edge with hands that rotate around to indicate the time. We usage clocks to view the elapsed time.


Anything the moves constantly is one analog, therefore the large round clock in your classroom with 3 sticks spinning about is called an analog clock.

When a typical analog clock mirrors the time is 8:22 and also 5 seconds, it could mean 8:22 a. m. Or 8:22 p. m. You cannot tell from an analog clock if the time is morning (a.m.) or afternoon (p.m.).

Most analog clocks will have actually three sticks mounted in the center that spin roughly the clock to tell girlfriend the time. This are referred to as clock hands. These three hands space for the hours, minutes, and seconds.

Hour hand

The tiny hand is the hour hand. The hour hand speak you what hour it is. When the hour hand is between two numbers, it tells you us are between those two hours. The brief hand or hour hand provides one full rotation about the dial in 12 hours.


Minute hand

The much longer hand ~ above the clock is referred to as the minute hand. The long hand or minute hand moves around the one dial one time in one hour.

Second hand

The very thin hand that is usually simply as lengthy as the minute hand is the second hand. It move one time roughly the dial in one minute and indicates the seconds of each minute.

Analog clock dial

The hand of a clock space rotating approximately what we contact the dial or clock face. Usually, the dial is significant with the number 1 with 12, with 12 at the top, 6 in ~ the bottom, 9 on the far left, and 3 ~ above the far right. The other numbers space in in between those numbers.

All those numbered positions are the hour markers. In between the hour markers room four tiny marks, i beg your pardon each indicate one minute. Those exact same marks additionally indicate seconds.

On part clocks or watches, the Arabic numbers can be changed with roman inn numerals, however reading the clock functions the same.

How to check out an analog clock

An analog clock is confusing due to the fact that it has actually three layers, all stacked onto the dial.

One class is the hours, which are the number only. The other two layers are the minutes and also seconds – all the numbered positions and all the small marks in between.

To review an analog clock, begin with the hours. Look in ~ the shortest hand only; this is the hour hand.

The hour hand will point directly in ~ a number only 12 time in 12 hours. Many of the time, you will view it pointing in between two numbers.

When the hour hand is pointed straight at a clock number, you know it is precisely that hour. As soon as the hour hand is in in between two hours, the number behind the hand is the present hour.


For example, if the hand is past 1, then we room at some time between 1 o’clock and 2 o’clock. If the hand is past 3, then we have actually passed 3 o’clock and also are draw close 4 o’clock.

Next, we identify the minutes. Once measuring minutes or seconds, we have to multiply the published numbers times 5:

1 = 52 = 103 = 154 = 205 = 256 = 307 = 358 = 409 = 4510 = 5011 = 5512 = 60

When the minute hand is pointing to the 1, it indicates 5 minutes previous the present hour.


If you division the dial into 4 quarters, as soon as the minute hand is pointing in ~ the 12, the is a brand-new hour. Once it points at the 3, we room a quarter previous the hour.

When the minute hand points in ~ the 6, that is two-quarters past, however we say fifty percent past the hour due to the fact that this minute hand is half-way about the dial. This is same to one-half hour that elapsed time.

When that is pointing come the first little marker in between the 1 and the 2, it suggests that the is 6 minutes past the current hour.

The second hand functions the very same way. That just suggests seconds rather of minutes, and when it has actually made one complete rotation roughly the clock, it indicates one minute has actually elapsed.

How to review a clock without numbers

Some really fancy watches perform not usage the printed numbers. You space expected to understand what the bolder point out mean. Informing time ~ above watches there is no numbers functions the same means as a clock through numbers. Simply pretend the numbers are there and also decide wherein the hands room pointing.

At first, memorizing the positions and numbers may seem hard, yet you deserve to learn how to tell time without needing the numbers if friend practice.

Practice telling time

In our example below, the hour hand has gone past the 8 however is no yet ~ above the 9. What hour is it according to this clock?


We recognize we room in the 8 o’clock hour.

After determining the hour, we need to understand the minutes after the begin of that hour. We look in ~ the longest hand (the huge hand), which will move much quicker than the hour hand. We usage our mental math to multiply those printed numbers times 5, or we count the tiny marks between the numbers.

In our instance clock, the minute hand is two marks previous the 4. What Is 4 × 5? The answer is 20.

Add 2 for the two marks, and also we have 22 minute after the hour.

The hour to be 8 o’clock, so we room at 8:22. Remember, we have no method of learning if the clock is reflecting morning or evening time.

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Last are the seconds. Reading the secs on one analog clock is tricky due to the fact that the second hand moves really fast. In ours example, the 2nd hand is sweeping simply past the 1. We know that 1 × 5 = 5.The clock is mirroring 5 seconds previous the minute, for this reason our clock time is 8:22 and also 5 seconds.