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History of the Pacific Ocean
In the at an early stage 16th century, Europeans to be the first to see the Pacific Ocean. Vasco Núñez de Balboa to be a Spanish explorer that called the sea Mar Del Sur in 1513. But, the Pacific s name came from Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who go on a world expedition in 1521. He named it Mar Pacifico in Portuguese, which way peaceful sea. The width of the ocean was accurately measured in 1768 through Pierre-Antoine Véron.Features that the Pacific Ocean
The Pacific s separates north America and South America from Australia and also Asia. It spreads from the Arctic area in the north to the Antarctic in the south. It stretches to 12,300 miles broad from Colombia come Indonesia, which is halfway throughout the planet. This number is over five times the broad of the moon.
Every year, the Pacific s shrinks around one customs on three sides. This is due to the fact that of tectonic plates under the surface ar of the Earth. The Pacific s experiences countless tropical storms every year, and also many areas approximately the ocean have earthquakes and also volcanoes. The Pacific Ring of Fire is the world’s best chain the volcanoes, v a total of 452 volcanoes.
Many seas sit along the western component of the Pacific Ocean, choose the Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, east China Sea, south China Sea, and Yellow Sea. The Pacific ocean is associated to the Arctic ocean by the Bering Strait. The Strait the Magellan and also Drake Passage sign up with the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. And also the Strait of Malacca joins the Pacific Ocean and the Indian ocean together.
About 50.1 percent the the s water on earth is in the Pacific Ocean, measuring about 680 million cubic miles of water. The temperature that the water is very cold in part areas roughly 29.5 °F and then very warm at about 86 °F by the equator. That is many salty in the southeastern parts and the the very least salty in the much north.
Economy that the Pacific Ocean
The Pacific ocean is provided for numerous things to make money for countries. In the shallow areas around Australia and new Zealand, herbal gas and also petroleum are pulled out. Pearls are accumulated on the coastlines of the Philippines, Panama, Australia, Japan, Nicaragua, and new Guinea.
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Fishing is a common activity in many locations of the Pacific Ocean. The shallow water has a lot an ext fish, consisting of shellfish, salmon, herring, and swordfish. Over-fishing is a huge problem in some areas in the ocean.