Engraving of john C. Calhoun, 1873Tennessee historical Society photo Collection
Convincing congress to declare war against one that the mightiest military powers in the civilization was no simple task. Plenty of Democratic-Republican members the the Twelfth Congress, i m sorry convened in November 1811, insisted that good Britain had violated America\"s honor once too often. Young, energetic politicians, mainly from the South and the West and known as war Hawks, initiated regulation designed to command the United states towards war.
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Leaders the this group included Henry Clay of Kentucky, john C. Calhoun of south Carolina, and Felix Grundy the Tennessee. Grundy, in particular, set the tone for the battle Hawks by proclaiming he would rather have war than more \"submit\" to British insults. Opponents of the war Hawks cynically blamed the war of 1812 top top \"James Madison, Felix Grundy, and also the Devil.\" The rhetoric of the battle Hawks, much of it published in the papers of the day, succeeded in inflaming the anti-British sentiments that had been festering since the American Revolution. That was not by coincidence that the war Hawks referred to as the impending contest with good Britain the \"second war for independence.\"
Tennessee\"s war Hawks:
John SevierLibrary picture Collection
John Sevier led Continental pressures to success at King\"s Mountain during the American transformation and fought many battles with native Americans prior to Tennessee statehood. He served as the first governor that Tennessee and was chosen to congress in 1811. He headed the army Affairs Committee that the U.S. House of Representatives during the battle of 1812.
Felix GrundyTennessee historic Society photo Collection
Felix Grundy that Nashville offered in the U.S. Residence of Representatives and also emerged together a nationwide leader that the battle Hawks. He was known as the biggest defense lawyer in both Tennessee and Kentucky and also he later on served in the U.S. Senate and as Attorney general of the United says under chairman Martin van Buren.
George Washington CampbellLibrary picture Collection
George Washington Campbell was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1811 and also served as Chairman the the Committee on armed forces Affairs. That resigned indigenous the Senate in 1814 to expropriate the position of Secretary that the Treasury in chairman James Madison\"s cabinet.
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John RheaTennessee historical Society picture Collection
As a representative the Sullivan ar in the Tennessee basic Assembly, john Rhea led the committee the drafted the guiding rule of the legislature. He gotten in into nationwide politics in 1802 and also was a member of the house of Representatives till 1823. Rhea was a champion the states\" rights and also an support of higher education. Amongst other early on institutions, he was a founder the Blount College, i m sorry later became the university of Tennessee in Knoxville.