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A distiller, illustrated in Gervase Markham"s Countrey Farme (1616), a book that was owned through Mayflower passenger Myles Standish.

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During the Mayflower"s voyage, the Pilgrims" key diet would have actually consisted generally of a cracker-like biscuit ("hard tack"), salt pork, dried meats consisting of cow tongue, miscellaneous pickled foods, oatmeal and also other cereal grains, and fish. The major beverage for everyone, including children, to be beer.The Pilgrims believed (and correctly so) the water was regularly contaminated and also made people sick; the distillation procedure killed many parasites and bacteria. Wine may additionally have to be drunk, together was aqua-vitae--a more potent alcohol. The sometimes juice native a lemon was additionally taken to stop scurvy.

Once the Pilgrims had resolved themselves in Plymouth, lock slowly started to learn around other food sources. The only was complete of fish, although the Pilgrims had poorly fitted themselves because that fishing. There to be clams, mussels, and also other shellfish that might be gathered, and also the just was also full that lobster. Waterfowl such together ducks and geese to be hunted, together were wild turkeys and other birds, and even the occasional deer. The Pilgrims had additionally brought seeds v them to plant English vegetable and also herb gardens, and also larger crops such as barley, peas, and wheat. And while exploring Cape Cod, they discovered and also "borrowed" huge baskets full of Indian corn they had actually found buried in the soil on a hill they named Corn Hill. The aboriginal Americans in the area buried their corn particle in big baskets to keep it because that the next year"s planting season.

After castle made call with your Wampanoag neighbors, through the assistance of "Squanto" (Tisquantum), the Pilgrims learned the Indian techniques for planting and also growing corn (which affiliated manuring the ground v shad recorded in town Brooke), and learned just how to record eel in the muddy riverbeds.


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Each house had actually a prominent fire pit and also chimney, wherein the cooking was typically done by the women and girls. Several "recipe books" native the duration exist, and provide some amazing insights into food preparation at the time. Probably the most renowned of this is Gervase Markham"s The English Housewife, an initial published in 1615. A recipe for cooking a young turkey or chicken reads:

If you will boil chickens, young turkeys, peahens, or any kind of house bird daintily, you shall, ~ you have trimmed them, drawn them, trussed them, and also washed them, fill their bellies as full of parsley together they have the right to hold; then cook them v salt and water only till they be enough: climate take a dish and also put right into it verjuice and butter, and salt, and when the butter is melted, take the parsley the end of the chicken"s bellies, and also mince it really small, and put it come the verjuice and also butter, and stir it well together; climate lay in the chickens, and also trim the dish v sippets , and also so serve it forth.

For roasting wild , the another recipe says:

fter you have washed it, and also cleansed every the blood from it, girlfriend shall pole it through cloves almost everywhere on the outside; and also if the be lean you shall lard that either through mutton lard, or pork lard, however mutton is the best: then spit that and also roast the by a soaking fire , climate take vinegar, bread crumbs, and also some of the gravy which comes from the venison, and boil them well in a dish; climate season it v sugar, cinnamon, ginger and also salt, and serve the wild forth top top the sauce when it is roasted enough.

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For sauce because that a turkey, another recipe says:

Take same water, and set it over the fire, then slice an excellent store the onions and put into it, and likewise pepper and also salt, and an excellent store that the gravy that comes from the turkey, and boil them very well together: then put to that a few fine crumbs the grated bread come thicken it; a very little sugar and also some vinegar, and so offer it up through the turkey: or otherwise, take it grated white bread and also boil that in white alcohol till it it is in thick together a galantine , and also in the boiling placed in great store the sugar and also cinnamon, and then with a small turnsole do it of a high murrey color, and so offer it in saucers v the turkey in the way of a galantine.