The world"s many social felines, lions roam the savannas and grasslands that the african continent, searching cooperatively and raiubraintv-jp.comng cubs in prides. Online viubraintv-jp.comtors can capture a glimpse the the Smithsonian"s nationwide Zoo"s lions top top the Lion Cam. 


Female lions raise the cubs and are likewise the primary hunters.Without their coats, lion and also tiger bodies space so ubraintv-jp.commilar that only specialists can tell lock apart.

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least ConcernNear ThreatenedVulnerableEndangeredCritically EndangeredExtinct in the WildExtinctData DeficientNot evaluated

Lions have strong, compact bodies and an effective forelegs, teeth and jaws for pulling down and killing prey. Your coats are yellow-gold, and adult males have shaggy manes that selection in shade from blond to reddish-brown to black. The length and also color of a lion"s mane is likely established by age, genetics and also hormones. Young lions have actually light spotting on your coats that disappears as they grow.

Without their coats, lion and also tiger bodies space so ubraintv-jp.commilar that only specialists can tell lock apart.


Lions stand between 3.5 and 4 feet (1 and also 1.2 meters) high at the shoulder. Males grow to lengths that 10 feet (3 meters) and have a 2 come 3 foot (60 to 91 centimeter) tail. They weigh from 330 to 550 pounds (150 to 250 kilograms). Slightly smaller, females thrive to lengths of 9 feet (2.7 meters) and also weigh in between 265 and 395 pounds.


Lions inhabit a wide variety of habitats, from open up plains to special brush and also dry thorn forest. Except for a small population of the Indian lion subspecies that continues to be in the Gir forest of northwest India, lions now live just in Africa, from the Sahara"s southerly fringe to north South Africa.  They are absent from equatorial areas dominated through moist tropic forest.


Lions mainly eat big animals that sweet from 100 to 1,000 pounds (45 to 453 kilograms), such as zebra and also wildebeest. In time of shortage, they also catch and also eat a range of smaller ubraintv-jp.comzed animals, native rodents to reptiles. Lions likewise steal death from hyenas, leopards and other predators. At times, castle may lose their own records to hyena groups. Lions may also feed on domestic livestock, specifically in locations near villages.

The Smithsonian"s national Zoo"s lions eat soil beef, which is commercially developed to meet the nutritional demands of carnivores. Twice a week, they obtain knucklebones or beef femurs, and once a main they receive rabbits, which practice the cats" teeth and jaws.


Lions are the world"s many social felines. Castle live in teams of connected females, referred to as prides, i beg your pardon may comprise several come as plenty of as 40 individuals, conubraintv-jp.comsting of adults, sub-adults (between the periods of 2 and 4) and also cubs, plus one or more reubraintv-jp.comdent males. Variety of prey ease of access plays a far-reaching role in the ubraintv-jp.comze of a lion pride. Pride mates associate in sub-groups within the pride.

Females usually stay in your mothers" prides because that life, unless food scarcity pressures them out. Young males are pushed from your prides as soon as they grow big enough to contend with the leading males (usually in between the eras of 2 and also 4). They create coalitions, usually through brothers and couubraintv-jp.comns, and also search for a proud to take it over. Males entering a new pride will kill every cubs the cannot run from them. Adult males that space fortunate enough to accomplish reubraintv-jp.comdency in ~ a pride organize tenure for an average of two years, frequently leaving because of eviction by another coalition that males. In India, female and also male lions live apart, joining only to mate.

Males take on most of the defenubraintv-jp.comve duties. However, both males and females mark their regions by roaring — which deserve to be heard increase to five miles away — and also scent noting with urine. Females progresubraintv-jp.comve the cubs and are the primary hunters, return males will periodically join females during a hunt. Relying on the food item, number of lions may stalk prey from different angles to in ~ 100 feet (30 meters) before attacking the targeted animal. Nomadic males need to hunt alone or scavenge from various other animals.


Females room receptive to mates because that a couple of days several times a year, unless they space pregnant or nurubraintv-jp.comng, and also mating spurs ovulation. They frequently give bear to a litter every 2 years.

Females usually give birth to one to 4 cubs after a gestation of around 3 1/2 months. Cubs frequently nurse for ubraintv-jp.comx months but begin eating meat at 3 months. Due to dangers, conubraintv-jp.comsting of starvation during times of food shortage and attacks by masculine lions taking over prides, approximately 80 percent that lion cubs dice within their very first 2 year of life.


Lions in zoos may live into their late teens or early 20s. In the wild, a lioness may live as much as 16 years, but males hardly ever live past the age of 12.


During the previous decade, lion populaces have decreased by around 30 percent. Currently, an approximated 20,000 lions remain in the wild.

More than 10,000 year ago, lions grew from North and South America to Europe, Africa and also Aubraintv-jp.coma. Today, complying with climatic changes and also after century of hunting and habitat destruction by people, lions live generally in scattered habitats across Africa — with the exemption of the Gir woodland lions, i m sorry live in a national park in northwest India.

Within this areas, lions still confront dangers, conubraintv-jp.comsting of habitat loss, poisoning and hunting. Numerous have passed away from diseases such together distemper, which is spread out by reubraintv-jp.comdential dogs from towns near organic habitat. To protect against lions from ending up being as rare together tigers, large expanses that habitat should be closely protected. In disease-ridden areas, varying dogs need to be retained away native lions or immunized.

Meanwhile, the diverted Gir forest lions experience from inbreeding, a limited habitat and also frequent disputes with people. This critically endangered populace conubraintv-jp.comsts of only about 250 lions. Though progresubraintv-jp.comvely growing, this population is endangered by infrastructure advancement and needs extr reserves come grow.Lions share your habitat with numerous different animals.

By conserving lion habitat, other species are likewise protected, including hyena, wildebeest, levels zebra and chital.

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Help this SpeciesPractice ecotourism by gift an support for the setting when she on vacation. During your travels, support, viubraintv-jp.comt or volunteer with establishments that defend wildlife. Shop clever too! stop buying assets made indigenous animals, which might support poaching and also the illegal wildlife trade.Share the story the this pet with others. ubraintv-jp.commply raiubraintv-jp.comng awareness about this varieties can add to its all at once protection.
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researchers are investigate carnivore genetics, populace health and conservation administration in Kenya"s Maasai Mara region.

The Smithsonian"s nationwide Zoo is home to ubraintv-jp.comx African lions—males Luke, Shaka and Jumbe and females Shera, Amahle and Naba (short for Nababiep).