Learn about the different terminology and also the various parts of a forklift truck. Usage our forklift diagram for reference.

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Forklifts have countless moving parts and pieces that enable the forklift to run properly. Understanding the terminology of the parts and also anatomy the a forklift is essential for effective communication with rather while ~ above the job.Here are several of the an essential features that comprise the anatomy that a forklift truck.


The forklift mast is the elevated vertical support that permits loads to be raised and also lowered. For many forklifts, the mast is designed toward the former of a forklift and directly in the forklift operator’s heat of vision.

Forklift poles come with various sections that elevate or lower theforklift carriagealong v the forks. This include:

Duplex: two mast stages Triplex: 3 mast stages Quad: four mast sections

When choosing a forklift, that is essential to familiarize yourself v the various features and also terminology the a forklift mast: the mast’s elevator height, the complimentary lift height and also the expanded height and the lower height. This will enable you to select a forklift the is design to meet the specific needs of your applications.

For much more information on forklift masts, read our articleForklift Mast Types.


The forklift lift cylinder powers the vertical motion of the mast, or the raising or lowering the the forklift carriage and also the forks. The background cylinder is normally hydraulically powered and also is a single-acting hydraulic cylinder, an interpretation it pushes in one direction.


Similar come the background cylinder, the tilt cylinder controls activity for operation purposes. The key difference is that the tilt cylinder controls the tilt activity of the carriage and the edge of the forks relative to the ground.


The carriage is a platform situated in prior of the forklift mast the is offered to mountain objects to be managed by the mast. This contains the forks the the forklift, the load backrest and also other attributes of a forklift truck the come in direct contact with the loads.


Also known as the tynes, the forks on a forklift are offered to do direct contact with a load for transport. They space attached come the forklift carriage and also are design to carry a load from the bottom. Forklift forks come in all shapes and sizes. Over there is a wide variety of fork species available for miscellaneous applications. Conventional ITA forks are the many common kind of forklift forks, however they too come in miscellaneous widths, lengths and also shapes.


The forklift backrest gives the operator another surface to rest the load against and is attached to the carriage. This helps prevent the pack from slipping backwards toward the forklift operator throughout lifting and travel conditions. The forklift backrest additionally helps protect the forklift mast and also mast materials from being damaged by the load.

It is vital to usage a fill backrest the is designed for the forklift. It is additionally important to never remove the backrest prior to operating the forklift because that your own safety and also the well-being of the forklift.


The counterweight is the weight mounted onto the forklift to assist offset the load being lifted by the forklift. Thishelps save the forklift stable during lifting and also traveling operations. Forklifts space designed v maximum delivering capacities using the counterweight for balance, so the is important to recognize the transporting capacity intended for the forklift. Inspect the rating plate on the forklift because that this information.

Internal burning forklift counterweights are located toward the earlier of the forklift, or on the opposite next of the forks. For electric lift trucks, the battery acts as a counterweight.


The strength supply refers to the power source of the forklift, i beg your pardon can include an engine or batteries depending on the kind of forklift. Forklifts have the right to be electrical (battery powered), diesel, gas or propane powered. For internal burning forklifts, the engine is typically located toward the earlier of the forklift, below the seat. Propane it is provided forklifts frequently have the tank externally mounted for easier access.


All forklifts need tires to operate, however the varieties of tires and also layout the tires ~ above the forklift deserve to vary significantly. Forklifts the use 4 tires are capable of lifting hefty loads and are functional for numerous applications. Three-wheel forklifts are best for indoor atmospheres where an are is limited and the capability to turn and also maneuver effectively is important.

There are two main varieties of forklift tires:

Cushion Tires– typically used because that forklifts operation indoors, wherein surfaces space flat, smooth and consistent. Cushion tires are usually less expensive and also easier to maintain, however lack the traction pneumatic tires offer. Cushion tire forklifts are right in warehouses and other indoor atmospheres where little turning radiuses space necessary.

Pneumatic TiresPneumatic tires forklifts are generally used for operation outdoors, where surfaces deserve to be uneven, rough or variable. Pneumatic tires are much more similar to your car’s tires do them far better at taking care of non-paved and also rough-terrain surfaces. Pneumatic tires have the right to be waiting pneumatic tires, an interpretation they room filled v air, or heavy pneumatic tires, definition they room made entirely out of solid rubber.


Drive Wheels

The journey wheels provide the vital power because that the forklift come travel and are frequently larger than the steering wheels together they room responsible for bearing a large amount that mass throughout operation.

Steering Wheels

The steering wheel are normally located in the rear of the forklift and also facilitate the steering of the forklift. It is much easier to control the motion of the forklift using the rear wheel or wheels.


The forklift cab can be open up or enclosed depending upon what choices are chosen. It is the an are of the forklift wherein the forklift operator controls and also operates the truck. The cab contains a range of forklift controls and also operating components and features used to maneuver and also manipulate the forklift. This include, but are not restricted to: The brake pedals, the steering wheel, mast controls, acceleration pedals, inching pedal, parking brake, levers, and gauges.


If operating a sit-down forklift, the seat will be situated in the operator cab. Some forklifts are designed to have the operator stand. Whether you’re operation a sit-down or stand-up forklift, that is necessary that the forklift operator is seated or was standing in the place deemed proper by the Operation and Maintenance hand-operated for that details forklift.


The operator steering wheel controls activity of the behind wheels or steering wheels of the forklift. Part steering wheels have a knob attached come the wheel to enable faster turning.


There are various levers located in prior of the chair that regulate movement that the mast and forks. These deserve to include:

Tilt Lever – controls the angle of the forks relative to the ground. Lift Lever – controls the elevation of the forks. Side shift Lever –controls horizontal activity of the carriage.

RATING plate OR capacity PLATE

The volume plate is featured top top the former of a forklift and tells operators thorough information about the forklift. This will encompass model transferring capacity, background heights, front and ago tilt degrees, tread width, tires information and other safety and security information. The is necessary for every forklift operators to read and also understand the info on the rating or capacity plate before operating the forklift.


The overhead safety is a vital feature of a forklift’s safety. The overhead guard’s function is to assist protect the operator must something fall onto the forklift cab.

Forklifts room designed to help minimize the potential because that objects falling, native loads, on top of the overhead guard. However, determinants like accidental bumps or misplaced loads can an outcome in things falling on top of the forklift cab. Always properly secure loads and follow the operator’s hands-on instructions before lifting any load.


As formerly mentioned, forklift models space designed differently and not all forklift anatomies will contain every one of the various forklift features mentioned above.

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For additional information, call a forklift dealer in her area. They’re near by and also that have the right to assist you with finding a forklift that has the best features and components that your service needs to obtain the job done.