Use this calculator to estimate exactly how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or weight (tons & pounds, tonnes and also kilograms) you would certainly need. It provides conventional sand density.

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Calculating how much sand friend need

Many builders and gardeners are confronted with calculating or estimating the quantity of sand they must fill a given space with sand. Our sand calculator is of good utility in such cases, however you must keep in mind that the results will just be as good as the dimensions entered. The calculation process is together follows:

Estimate the volume that sand needed, using geometrical formulas and also plans or measurements.The approximate density of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume by the thickness (in the exact same units) to acquire the weight

There is finer and an ext coarse sand, so the density, measured for dry sand in kg every cubic meter or pounds every cubic feet, the your details shipment may vary. For this reason, and also due come potential loses / waste, girlfriend should think about buying 5-6% more sand than estimated so you don"t operation just quick of what you require in the end.

Square or rectangle-shaped area

The volume formula for a rectangular (or square) box in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as seen in the number below:


For example, to to fill a box v a width of 3ft and a length of 6ft, to a depth that 1ft, you need to multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) that sand.

Round area

If the area you desire to cover, or the form you desire to fill is round, the calculation is a little different:


The volume that a number with a round foundation is its elevation times the area that its foundation. To calculate the structure area we require its diameter, because the formula is π x r2, where r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shame area

In instance the area you are calculating has an irregular form what you desire to execute is division it in number of regularly-shaped sections, calculate your volume and also sand requirements and also then amount them up together. In situation you end up needing to do this for a big number that sections, you might use our summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally emerging granular product which is created of carefully divided rock and mineral particles, rounded and polished come a varying extent. Sand can be assumed of as finer gravel, or coarser silt. In some cases, "sand" refers to a textural course of soil, that is - a floor which has more than 85% the its mass made up of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable source in the lengthy run, however in human being timescale the is practically non-renewable. Sand is a significant component of concrete and due to the high demand for concrete because that construction, perfect for concrete sand is additionally in high demand.

The most common constituent that sand in inland continent settings and non-tropical seaside settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The second most common type of sand, greatly encountered in islands and also near the sea, is calcium lead carbonate which is developed by miscellaneous life-forms, favor coral and also shellfish. That course, the specific composition will vary relying on local rock sources and also conditions throughout the development of the pebbles.


Sand for domestic or garden use is usually marketed in tiny packets of number of pounds / kilograms, and also for bigger projects in bags of 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and other places. For construction work, concrete mixing, etc. It is marketed by the tonne and also comes in trucks.

species and grades of sand

Contrary come what you might think, over there is more than one form of sand, through the dimension of its pebbles and it"s intended usage <2>. Selecting the right type and size is crucial, as part sands have a various application 보다 others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to pass a 850μm sieve and be retained on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded in between the 600μm sieve and also the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed nearly entirely of normally rounded grains of practically pure quartz (used because that mortars and also testing of hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, candlestick be irradiate grey or whitish color, have to be totally free from silt and also the grains should be angular, but a little percentage of flaky or rounded particles room permissible. Part manufacturers refer the great and kind of the sand in other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", every being finer and an ext expensive 보다 the ahead one.

What is the thickness of sand?

The thickness of common sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This synchronizes to moderately wet sand and is the number offered in the calculator.

How lot does a yard3 of sand weigh?

A cubic yard of typical sand weighs about 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard the a sandbox through a depth the 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs about 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly less than half a ton. The water contents of the sand is assumed to it is in moderate.

How lot does a cubic meter of sand weigh?

A cubic meter of usual sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox through a depth the 35 centimeter weighs around 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The numbers are acquired using this sand calculator.

How much is a ton the sand?

A ton that sand is typically about 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed reasonably damp, since adding water can increase or diminish the density of the sand substantially (e.g. If it to be raining or if you dig up and also leave sand under the sun so water evaporates).

How lot is a tonne that sand?

A tonne that moderately damp sand typically fills around 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It deserve to be an ext or less thick depending on water content and also the dimension of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, tons vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make certain you perform not confuse the tonne (metric ton) v the ton (short ton). The first one is offered by all nations in the world and also is characterized to be same to 1000 kg through the worldwide body that standardization. The ton is right now only offered in the united States and also is same to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference in between the 2 is not vast but deserve to quickly add up to a far-reaching number together the quantity increases.

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<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for standard Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d favor to point out this online calculator resource and information as detailed on the page, you deserve to use the adhering to citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", easily accessible at: URL .