Branch of science managing the type and structure of human body parts.

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PhysiologyStudy of human body functions.
MorphologyThe scientific research of type and structure, together of animals and also plants.
AtomSmallest unit that matter.
MoleculeConsist of 2 or much more atoms bonded together. A substance created of two or an ext atoms chemically linked to type a framework that behaves together an independant unit.
MacromoleculeLarge molecule only discovered in life system. Large molecule created of smaller molecules.
CellSmallest life structural and functional unit of one organism. Written of molecules and macromolecules.
TissueConsist of cell & cellular commodities which carryout various attributes in the body. A team of comparable cell species working together as a sensible unit.
OrganA framework of definite kind and duty composed of two or much more different kinds of tissue.
Organ SystemRelated organs that carryout various functions of the body.
HomeostasisWhen the body internal ecological remains within specific physiological ranges or limits. State the equilibrium in the body with respect come functions, composition of fluids and tissues.
IntracellularInside a cell.
IntercellularBetween cells.
VascularPertaining to or containing many blood vessels.
Stresschronic pressure, tension, subject to starin
Positive FeedbackResponse is same as stimulus
Negative FeedbackFinal response is opposite come stimulus. System activated by an imbalance that corrects the imbalance.
IngestionIntake of food (digestiv system)
DigestionMechanical and chemical break down of food into basic forms which can be took in by the bloodstream and also lymphatic system.
Absorptionuptake of the simple forms (molecules) indigenous the digestive mechanism (G i Track) right into the bloodstream and lymphatic system.
CirculationDistribution that the simple molecules to all cells, (cardiovascular sysytem) The act of diffusion or dissemination, consistent passage with a closeup of the door system, together in blood.
AssimilationIncorporation of the soaked up substances into the cell of the body. Procedure whereby already digested foods are absorbed and made use of by tissue.
MetabolismAll the chemical processes which sustain life. (all cells) amount of every the chemical reactions that take ar in the body, consisting of anabolism and also catabolism. Cellular metabolism refers specifically to the chemical reactions within cells.
Anabolism Binding smaller sized molecules with each other to type larger molecules. Every one of the synthesis reaction that happen within the body, reguires energy.
HyperplasiaAn abnormal boost in the variety of normal cell in a organization or organ, boosting its size.
Hypertrophy increase in mass or size, not due to an increase in variety of individual elements.
SecretionGeneral term for a substance produced inside a cell and also released native the cell.
GlandSecretory body organ from i m sorry secretions might be released into the blood, a cavity, or top top a surface.
Catabolism Breackdown of bigger molecules into smaller molecules. Every one of the decomposition reactions that happen in the body, releases energy.
ExcretionElimination that metabolic wastes and excess assets from the body.
Differentiation procedure whereby unspecialized cell become devoted cells. Decision of the number of each sort of white blood cabinet in a sample of 100 cells for a dianostic purposes.
ReproductionProduction of new cells or organisms.
ExcitabilityAnility of certain cells to respond come stimuli. Responsiveness to stimulation and regulation by nervous impulses and also hormones. (nerve & muscle)
ConductivityAbility of certain cells to shorten. (nerve & muscle)
ContractilityAbility of details cells to shorten. (muscle cells) The capability to contract or do shorter.
Solvent Liquid that holds one more substance in solution.
SoluteDissolved particles. Dissolved substance in a solution.
Dissociationdissociation: Ionization in which ions are dissolved in water and also the cations and also anions space surrounded through water molecules.
IonAtom or group of atoms carrying a charge of power by virtue of having acquired or shed one or more electrons.
Acidion i beg your pardon dissociates into one or much more hydrogen ions and also one or an ext anions. Molecule that is a proton donor; any kind of substance that releases hydrogen ion (H+).
Baseis a substance that dissociates right into one or more Hydroxide and one or an ext cations. Molecule that is a proton acceptor; any type of substance that binding to hydrogen ions.
Saltdissociates right into anions and also cations neither of which is Hydrogen or Hydroxide. Molecule consisting of a cation other than hydrogen and an anion other than hydroxide.
BufferMixture of an acid and base the reduces any kind of changes in pH that would otherwise take place in a solution as soon as acid or basic is added to the solution.
PolymerA big organic molecule made up of two or more subunits or monomers.
MonomerSubunits of essential molecules the often kind long chains referred to as polymers.
EnzymeProtein the acts as a catalyst.
Denaturationthe adjust in form ex: protein in cook egg whites
OrganellesSpecialized component of a cell serving one or an ext specific individual functions.
Inclusionstemporary structures (exported)
Hydrophobicafraid of water (Lipid Tails)
Hydrophiliclikes water (Lipid Heads)
Passive TransportMembrane transport procedures that do not call for cellular power (no ATP).
Active TransportCarrier-mediated process that calls for ATP and also can move substances versus a concentration gradient.
Simple DiffusionThe random movement of molecule or ion or tiny particles in solution or suspension under the influence of Brownian (thermal) motion toward a uniform distribution throughout the accessible volume; the rate is fairly rapid among liquids and also gases
OsmosisDifussion of H2O, Diffusion the solvent with a membrane native a less concentrated solution come a an ext concentrated solution.
FiltrationMovement from high press to short pressure created by blood pressure, due to a pressure difference, of a liquid with a filter that stays clear of some or all of the building materials in the fluid from pass through.
Facilitated Diffusionmovement the solutes from high solute concentration to a low solute concentration by way of a transport molecule. The process of delivering a chemical through a to move membrane, down its concentration gradient, through the aid of a membrane carrier that does not consume ATP; allows substances to diffuse through the membrane the would perform so poorly, or not at all.
Primary energetic Transportinvolves the motion of solutes indigenous a low solute concentration to a high solute concentration calls for the pump protein. Demands ATP
Secondary energetic Transportuses ATP indirectly, involves the primary energetic transport of salt ions. (SYMPORT)
PhagocytosisProcess of gulp down by cells of heavy substances, together as various other cells, bacteria, bits that necrosed tissue, and foreign particles.
Pinocytosis cell drinking, uptake of liquid by a cell.
Receptor-Mediated EndocytosisThe plasma cell membrane may contain details receptor molecules that recognize certain substances and permit them to it is in transported into cell by phagocytosis or pinocytosis.
ExocytosisElimination of product from a cell through the development of vacuoles
GeneFunctional unit of heredity. Every gene rectal a particular place, or locus, ~ above a chromosome, is qualified of reproducing itself precisely at every cell division, and often is qualified of directing the development of an enzyme or various other protein.
TranscriptionmRNA takes hereditary code indigenous DNA. Procedure of forming RNA from a DNA template.
TranslationCode in RNA represents protein structure. Synthesis of polypeptide chain at the ribosom in an answer to information contained in mRNA molecules.
EpithelialCells commonly tightly packed together with tiny or no intercellular materials. Among the 4 primary organization types. The ax derives native the Greek word meaning "nipples." This describes the tiny capillary-containing connective organization in the lips, which is where the hatchet was an initial used.
Connective TissueOne the the simple types of tissue that has bone, cartilage, and loosened and fibrous connective tissue
Muscle TissueContractile tissue consisting of filaments of actin and also myosin, i m sorry slide previous each other, shortening cells.

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Nerve TissueNeurons and neuroglia.