The enhancement is taking 2 or an ext numbers and including them together, the is, that is the full sum that 2 or much more numbers.

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How countless apples room there in all?


There space 7 to apologize in one basket and 4 apologize in the other. So, we include 7 and also 4 to uncover the total variety of apples.

To add 7 and 4, we can count front 4 actions from 7

The symbol offered to indicate addition is + (plus symbol).

So, 7 and also 4 have the right to be created as 7 + 4


Addition sentence

An enhancement sentence is a math expression that shows two or much more values included together and also their sum.

We can write the math expression for 7 add to 4 equals 11 as:


The numbers that are added are called addends and also the prize to enhancement is dubbed the sum. In an addition sentence, the addends are added to get the sum.

Addition of tiny numbers deserve to be done utilizing your fingers too.



Number charts room another method to add numbers.

Example: add 57 and 16 utilizing a hundred grid.

Step 1: mark the enlarge number.

(Here, note 57)

Step 2: If the number to be added is more than 10, rest it in tens and also ones.

(Here, 16 = 10 + 6)

Step 3: jump as plenty of 10s as in the second number.

(Here, 57 + 10 = 67)

Step 4: relocate forward as numerous ones together in the second number.

(Here, 67 + 6 = 73)

The number reached is the answer.

So, 57 + 16 = 73


Vertical Addition

Numbers can likewise be added vertically.

Let’s add 57 and also 16 vertically.

Step 1: create the numbers one listed below the various other as every the locations of the digits.

Step 2: Start including from the ones digit. Compose the sum under the ones digit.

If the sum of the ones number is greater than 9, create the ones digit of the sum under the ones and also carry front its tens digit come the tens column.

Step 3: include the tens digits.

(If there was a bring forward digit, include it along)




The numbers with much more than 2 digits can additionally be included vertically. We constantly start including from the people digit and also move in the direction of the number at the greatest place.

See more: What Is The Smallest Unit Of Data A Computer Can Process ? What Is The Smallest Unit Of Data In A Computer

Example 1: Marie to buy a designer handbag because that $231 and also a belt for $199. Exactly how much go she invest on both?

To uncover the total cost, we need to include 231 and also 199

We can add the number vertically as:


So, Marie spent $430

Example 2: There are 2415 blue seats and 2770 red seat in a stadium. How countless blue and red seats room there altogether?

Total variety of seats = 2415 + 2770

= 5185 seats


fun Facts

Adding 0 to any type of number gives the amount as the number itself.Adding 1 to a number consistently is the exact same as counting.