The urban of Athens and Sparta to be bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are an extremely close to each other, yet have periodically had really different values, lifestyles, and also cultures.

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Athens versus Sparta comparison chart AthensSpartaAbout Country Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education and learning Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time ar
The capital and largest city of Greece. Leader of the Delian League. Residence of many old philosophers, historians, and authors. Known in Greek as Sparti. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, top top the right financial institution of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea v a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Additionally in a hilly area that offers natural defense.
At time the Peloponnesian war 360,000-610,000 At time of Peloponnesian battle 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, but an ext dry with around 15 inch of rain every year Also a Mediterranean climate, but with much more rain.
Dependent on trade and agriculture Dependent top top agriculture
Forward looking and progressive Controlling, traditional, and conservative
not as military based, and also required military business was only two years for citizens. Marine was best in the Greek world. mandatory military organization from period 7 come 60. Soil based army with no navy until the finish of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants of the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on agriculture and tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and also Sparta hold historic value because that Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and also the biggest city the Greece. That is a facility for economic, political, gaue won and society life in Greece. Athens is the prize of freedom, art, and also democracy in the conscience the the polite world. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and also knowledge.

Sparta, a town close to the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Sparta to be the Dorian Greek armed forces state, taken into consideration as the protector that Greece together it to be providing huge army to greece for numerous years. At present, Sparta is the administrative capital that the awareness of Laconia.


Athens has actually been continuously populated for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the very first millennium BCE; its social achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of west civilization. Throughout the middle Ages, the city experienced decrease and then recovery under the byzantine Empire, and also was reasonably prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted native Italian trade. After a long period of decline under the dominion of the ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century together the funding of the independent Greek state.

Tradition relates that Sparta was established by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and also Taygete, who called the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Part eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the classic chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually brought about the climb of classic Sparta — famed as a martial power, enemy of the Persian Empire, and also eventual conquer of Athens. After dominating many kingdoms and warring with plenty of communities, Sparta infect a significant empire about 400 BCE. This was also the time of Athens" fall, i beg your pardon proclaimed Sparta exceptional in the constant war that the two empires. In middle ages times, the city the Sparta was ruined by countless invasions. Contemporary day Sparta, which is well-known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt approximately 1834.

beliefs and culture

Athens and also Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Sparta seemed to it is in content through themselves and detailed their military whenever required. The is why it thought about itself as the protector of the Greek. On the various other hand, Athens want to take manage of more and more land in Greece. This idea eventually led to war in between the Greeks. Sparta had a an effective army and also Athens knew the they might not to win them yet they had actually the strength of a navy unit i m sorry Sparta no have.

What the two communities had in typical was that they to be both thinkers. They worshiped their gods and also respected people. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. It can be said that some even loved battle itself.

Where they differed was the while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. The Spartans emphasized just on broadening their power and gaining manage over various other kingdoms while the Athenians likewise grew framework wise in old times. They understood the prestige of such growth and also concentrated on them as well as on armed forces strength.

federal government


The Athenian form of electing a government was called limited Democracy if the Spartan kind was dubbed oligarchy" (rule through a few), but it had aspects of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and also aristocracy (rule through the upper course or soil owning class). Sparta has had two rulers in current times, that ruled till they died. ~ above the various other hand, the leader of Athens is chosen annually. Athens is claimed to have actually been the birthplace of democracy.

Sparta to be an “Oligarchy”. The old Greek “oligos” converts to “few”, if “archia” method “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Five Ephors were chosen annually, attach by 2 kings, that passed ~ above the crowns to their chosen sons. The Spartan indistinguishable of the senate to be its “gerousia”, when Ephors and the emperors would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to construct and shot to happen “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Other purposes that the basic assembly were to vote on and also pass legislation and also make civil decisions. The process by i m sorry this to be undertaken to be by a simple shouting the ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a whole, the 5 Ephors had actually the power to overrule the Kings, yet tended to store to religious and aggressive duties. Sparta’s mechanism of government was really exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing.

On the various other hand, Athens to be a democracy, which expected “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). 5000 come 6000 guys were narrowed under to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. Each would certainly take fee for about a month, and ten generals were instantly elected as result of their experience. Rather were chosen by a technique called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, well-known as the “ekklesia”, sat to talk about political, militaristic and social matters and also agendas in the pnyx. This was an area near by to the markets and social center of Athens, the “agora”.

way of living


Compared to the an easy lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a very contemporary and open outlook. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not compelled to join the army. Together an Athenian, one might get a great education and also could seek several type of arts and sciences. Sparta civilization were not open up to education and they only focused on armed forces strength and also obedience and they didn"t interact much v the external world.

communication with various other Greek states

Sparta was content to store to chin and listed army and also assistance when necessary to various other states. Athens, top top the various other hand, want to control more and an ext of the land about them. This at some point led to war between all the Greeks.


Athens had a Mediterranean climate with an excellent amount the precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but an extremely dry climate. Due to soil erosion and also less vegetation, water to be a really scanty commodity in Sparta.

ladies of Athens and also Sparta

Family ties in Athens to be stronger and women to be legally the dependents of your husbands or their father. They might own no home apart native the family. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. In Sparta females were stronger and also they developed liaisons with guys as lock chose. Castle could additionally own building by themselves. In Athens women did chores such together weaving or cooking, yet in Sparta the ladies were complimentary of every such chores.

War between Athens and Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted that a good navy. Athens and its allies, well-known as the Delian League, come into problem with the Spartans and also the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war damaged out in between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes payment by smaller dependent states.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year duration of on and also off civil war among Greek city-states. (A city-state was a city, such together Athens, and also the surrounding nation under that is influence and protection; Athens and also its surrounding area, recognized as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). Sparta had a clean military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities in ~ sea; neither side had the ability to seize and also maintain the top hand. Both political parties experienced significant victories and also crushing defeats, and the battle was generally interrupted by durations of negotiated peace. The war ended in 404 BC v the loss of Athens and also its democracy.

economic climate

Sparta was mostly an agricultural land since of the inland location. The most necessary imports were metals. In Sparta, males were greatly warriors; others to be slaves. Their economic climate was mainly based upon agriculture. Athens economic situation was dependent more upon trade. Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC.

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case to call

Athens has uncovered its surname in Greek history for the undying wisdom and concentration ~ above infrastructural advance and Sparta for its armed forces power.