new York City is situated on the eastern Atlantic coastline of the unified States, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The city center resides at the specific location the 40 degrees, 42 minutes, 51 secs N latitude, and 74 degrees, 0 minute 23 seconds W longitude. Brand-new York City is made of five boroughs be separate by various waterways. Brooklyn and Queens occupy the western portion of lengthy Island, when Staten Island and also Manhattan are compeletely on their very own land mass. Bronx, to the north, continues to be attached come the brand-new York State mainland.

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The island the Manhattan is largely a protrusion of granite, climbing a couple of hundred feet indigenous sea-level. The southern tip and also center the the island space virtually hard granite, while locations in Greenwich village and Chelsea space composed the softer soil. As a result of this geologic arrangement, Manhattan"s tallest buildings are situated in these two big "rocky" areas.

Manhattan is flanked ~ above its west next by the Hudson River, and on the east side through the Harlem flow (on the north) and the eastern River (on the south).

Manhattan"s street layout is composed primarily of avenues and also streets. The room between opportunities is commonly much larger than the an are between roadways (roughly 3x).

Avenues run North-South, starting with 1st Avenue on the east Side, and going westward to 12th Avenue. Streets run East-West, starting with first Street in Greenwich Village, and increase in value as much as 220th Street at the north pointer of Manhattan.

General locations in Manhattan

Below 1st Street is thought about to be the Downtown area the Manhattan 1st come 14th Street has the basic "Village" area. The area west that Broadway is Greenwich Village, and to the eastern is eastern Village. 14th come 34th Street west the Broadway is Chelsea, known for its huge loft apartments and also studios. 34th come 59th Street is generally regarded together "Midtown" 59th come 110th Street includes the top West Side and Upper eastern Side, respectively. In between the 2 lies the green oasis of central Park. 110th to 145th Street lies the town of Harlem 145th come 220th Street has actually no unique designation, yet does save on computer the community of Washington Heights and the Cloisters.


Brooklyn was largely a marshland prior to it was worked out in the late 1600s. The Dutch to be the an initial settlers indigenous the old human being to colonize this borough in the 17th century. Back they mutual the land with British settlers, the Dutch culture was the dominant one well into the 19th century. When first asked come join new York city as a borough in 1833, Brooklyn refused. Brooklyn, in a near vote, did not decide to end up being a part of new York City until 1898.

Today, Brooklyn is a borough of neighborhoods, each v its own solid ethnic flavor. It"s very rare to discover a brand-new Yorker whose family has been living in America for much more than one generation who didn"t have actually an ancestor that resided in Brooklyn in ~ some suggest in your life.

General locations in Brooklyn

Brooklyn Heights North Brooklyn Institute Park Park Slope and also Prospect Park South Brooklyn and Coney Island


The borough of majesties was named after the mam of Charles II of England, Queen Catherine of Braganza in 1683. The area ended up being a borough of brand-new York City in 1898 and also rapid economic and physical growth followed the merger. At the start of the 17th century, queens was lived in largely by little farms and also was mainly rural. During the 18th century, the area began to experience growth in the area of production along the shores of the eastern river. ~ the closing with brand-new York City the development that had already begun raised at an ever-increasing rate.

The area has actually been very popular for brand-new immigrants in the past fifty percent of this century and also is largely break-up up into various ethnic communities that feel really much favor the home nations of the human being that live there. There room very couple of inter-racial areas in Queens and also the brand-new immigrants that pertained to live right here tend come congregate in their very own areas.

new York"s two significant airports are located in queens together with a lot of the market in new York City. Queens is associated physically to long Island.

General locations in Queens

Flushing Corona Park Astoria Long Island City Hunter"s Point Jamaica Ridgewood Southern Queens


The Bronx is the home of brand-new York"s two best landmarks, the Bronx Zoo and Yankee Stadium.

The area was called after the dutch settler Jonas Bronck, that had declared the area as his farm ago in 1636. The Bronx is the only borough of brand-new York that is physically associated to the mainland of the joined States. The borough was greatly undeveloped and consisted largely of cottages, farmlands, and also wild marshes till a big swell of Irish and Italian immigrants lived in the area. Immigrants still come to the Bronx, however today they room Russian and Hispanic.

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General locations in the Bronx

Van Cortlandt Park Pelham bay Park South Bronx

Staten Island

The 16th century Florentine explorer Giovanni Da Verrazano is typically considered come be father of Staten Island since he cruised into new York harbor in 1524 and also landed ~ above the Island. In 1687 the duke of York readily available the island together a compensation in a sailing competition i m sorry the team from Manhattan won. Because that time, Manhattan has declared the island together its own. Till 1713, once the very first public ferry was started to the island, there to be no way to get ago and forth unless you had a boat. Finally, in 1964 the Verrazano-Narrows bridge was constructed by Othmar Amman. The bridge made it relatively easy come travel earlier and forth.

"From the conference of lord Howe, john Adams, and Benjamin Franklin come the brother occupation or the solid defense that the harbor throughout the polite War, Staten Island is a location steeped in the annals the history. Good men have actually inhabited the island. Vanderbilt flourished up ~ above the island and also Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson both spent lot time top top the island. They praised the beauty beauty of the landscape, phone call Staten Island "a piece of the nation in the city"." (thanks to James Finn for this Staten Island info)