A half-step over a key on the piano is the an essential to its instant right, when a half-step below a key on the piano is the key to its instant left.A whole-step is two half-steps. A whole-step over a crucial on the piano is two tricks to the right, while a whole-step listed below a crucial on the piano is two secrets to the left.An accidental changes the pitch of a note. A spicy raises a keep in mind by a half-step if a level lowers a note by a half-step. A organic cancels a ahead accidental.A double sharp raises a keep in mind by a whole-step, if a twin flat lowers a keep in mind by a whole-step.Be sure to create accidentals to the left that a note, directly across the heat or room on i beg your pardon a keep in mind appears.Notes have actually enharmonic equivalence as soon as they are spelled differently however sound the same.

You are watching: On the piano, the black key between the white keys c and d is called:


In the last chapter, The Keyboard and the grand Staff, we disputed the letter surname of the white tricks on the piano keyboard. Over there are likewise black secrets onthe piano keyboard, which are grouped into alternative sets of 2 or three. Prior to we discuss the name of the black color keys, however, us must an initial learn about half- and whole-steps.

Half- and Whole-steps

Example 1 shows a piano key-board with the letter surname of the white key pitches, and some half-steps labeled:

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Example 1. A piano keyboard with letter surname onthe white keys; part half-steps are labeled.

A half-step is taken into consideration to be the smallest interval, or distance in between two notes, in western music notation. Top top thepiano key-board (see example 1) a half-step above a white an essential note (for example, the keep in mind G) is the black key to its top right. Likewise, a half-step below a white key note (for example, the keep in mind A) is the black vital to its top left. In other words, the black crucial to the upper appropriate of G is “in between” the notes G and also A. One would say that this black vital is a half-step above G and is simultaneously a half-step below A. Two pairs the white keys—E/F and also B/C—do not have black keys in between them (see example 1). This is since E come F is a half-step and also B to C is likewise a half-step. The piano keyboard is arranged prefer this so the it is easier to play. Havingthe black secrets grouped right into sets of either two or three renders seeing and also feeling castle easier and also quicker for a keyboardist.

Example 2 shows a piano keyboard with the letter names of the white crucial pitches labeled,and some whole-steps bracketed:

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Example 2. A piano keyboard with letter surname on the white keys; part whole-steps space labeled.

A whole-step is the indistinguishable of 2 half-steps. Pairs of white tricks with a black crucial in in between them (A and also B, C and D, D and E, F and also G, and also G and also A) are a whole-step apart. To find a whole-step over the note E or B, merely count two secrets to the right. A whole-step over E is the black vital to the best of the note F, when a whole-step above B is the black key to the right of the keep in mind C. Likewise, to discover a whole-step below the note C or F, simply count two tricks to the left. A whole-step below C is the black an essential to the left that the note B, if a whole-step below F is the black an essential to the left the the note E. To discover a whole-step indigenous a black vital you will desire to count two tricks to the ideal or left. Because that example, a whole-step above the black an essential to the appropriate of C is the black key to the ideal of the keep in mind D. A whole-step listed below the black crucial to the left that B is the black vital to the left that the note A.

What execute a half-step and also a whole-step sound like? The quick video, shown in instance 3, demonstrates:

Example 3. Dr. Chelsey Hamm (Christopher Newport University) displayed the sound of a half-step and a whole-step.

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Sharps, Flats, and also Naturals

Anaccidental alters the pitch of a note. Asharp (♯) looks favor a tilted hashtag, and it raises a note by a half-step. Aflat (♭) looks favor a slanted small letter “b,” and it lowers a keep in mind by a half-step. Anatural (♮) looks prefer a tilted box with a heat sticking the end of the peak left and also bottom appropriate corners, and it cancels a previous inadvertently such together a sharp or flat. Sharps, flats, and also naturals are the 3 most common accidentals.

A dual sharp (or ♯♯) raises a note by two half-steps (i.e. A whole-step). A twin flat (