Florida, known for its year round sunny and warm climate, is a popular state for vacationing and retirement.

The State of Florida is a peninsula, which means it is surrounded on three sides by water: theGulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and theStraits of Florida.

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Show off your knowledge about Florida’s geography with these fun and amazing facts.


Florida is the only state that borders both the the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.

Map of Florida. Map: Caitlin Dempsey, Natural Earth Data.

Land and Topography


Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States. From one end of the state to the other, the coastline of Florida is 1,350 miles (2,170km). This doesn’t include the many barrier islands.

Of that coastline, 825 miles (1,327 km) is made up of sandy beaches.Beach access is widespread in Floridawith no part of Florida being more than 60 miles (96 km) from a beach.

More than two-thirds of Florida’s extensive coastline is made up of sandy beaches.Florida’s beaches are important for Florida’s tourism economy and are also home to a diverse range of wildlife and flora found nowhere else in the United States.

Famous Beaches

Florida is home to some of the most famous beaches in the United States (US).NicknamedAmerica’s Riviera,Miami’s South Beach is famous for its nightlife.Panama City Beach is often referred to as the “Spring Break Capital” and is a popular beach designation for college students.Daytona Beach’shard-packed sand gave made it into a designation for beachside motorsport racing.Before theDaytona International Speedwaywas built in 1959, theDaytona Beach Road Coursewas host to races for over 50 years.


Florida has the lowest average topography of any state. Much of the state lies at or near sea level elevation.

The highest point in Florida is Britton Hill with an elevation of 345 feet. Britton Hill is located in Walton County near the Alabama border.

Marker on Britton Hill. Photo: StAugBeachBum, 2007, public domain via MediaWiki Commons.

Climate and Weather

Florida has a temperate climate, with most areas experiencing daytime temperatures averaging in the 60s and 70s degree Fahrenheit (F) during the winter months.

Weather that falls below freezing (32 degrees F) is very rare.

The most widespread snow event in Florida occurred onJanuary 19, 1977, when Miami Beach experienced snowfall for the first and only time in recorded history.


According to NOAA, 40% of all US-bound hurricanes hit Florida. With its long coastline and proximity to the warmer ocean waters that fuel tropical storms, Florida is a prime target for these natural disasters.

Visualization of Hurricane Floyd, NASA, public domain


With 4,510 islands that are 4 hectares or larger, Florida has the second-highest number of islands, after Alaska.


Florida is a peninsula which means it’s surrounded by water on three sides.

In addition to the ocean, Florida is home to many lakes. Lake Okeechobee, also known as Florida’s Inland Sea, is the largest freshwater lake in the state.

Florida as seen from the International Space Station. Lake Okeechobee is the large lake in the southern part of the state. NASA, public domain


Florida’s coastal sandy beaches and dunes are an important ecological system for hundreds of animals and plants in Florida.According to Florida’s Department of Environmental Protection, there are over thirty rare animals native to Florida’s beaches.

Five species of sea turtles nest on Florida’s beaches: Loggerhead, Leatherback, Kemp Ridley’s, Hawksbill, and the Green Turtle.


Florida manatees are a threatened species listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. The Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge is the only refuge specifically created to protect the Florida Manatee.

Crystal River is also the only place in North America where you can take a swim with manatees.

Coral Reefs

Florida is the only state in the US that has extensive shallow coral reef formations found along its coast.

Coral, which is classified as an animal, creates a unique habitat that is home to many species such as the spiny lobster.Tiny plants live within coral to form a symbiotic relationship.These photosynthetic algae, called zooxanthellae, are what give corals their brilliant colors.

The Florida Keys are formed by an exposed ancient coral reef and few miles seaward of the Florida Keys is the Florida Reef, the only livingcoral barrier reefin the US.The Florida Reef is the third largest coral barrier reef after theGreat Barrier Reefand theBelize Barrier Reef.


Of the 19.6 million people live in Florida, about 15 million of them live in coastal areas in the state. That’s about 76.5% of the population.

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Sun Tan Lotion

Here’s a quirky fact not directly related to Florida’s geography:

With its miles and miles of beaches, it is no surprise that the first widely used sun tan lotion was developed in Miami Beach.Florida pharmacist Benjamin Green invented the first suntan cream in 1944. His suntan was calledRed Vet Pet and the patent was later sold to Coppertone.



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