There is a distinctive difference between the formal and informal format in any type of language, and also English is no different. That is quite usual to discover that certain phrases only apply in specific situations, while various other expressions and also phrases are mostly used just in a official context, choose in contracts or business.

You are watching: Include but not limited to meaning

“Including however not limited to” way that the terms detailed are not restricted to the explicit principles expressed in the statement. That is a phrase most frequently used in legal documents or binding contracts. Comma location in the expression is most common before the “but” and after the “to”.

If you are drafting a legal or formal document, utilizing the exactly phrases and also wording is the the utmost importance to gain the proper point across and stop loopholes. This article will discover the origin and also use of the expression, “including but not minimal to,” what the means, the punctuation that goes along with it, and how come correctly apply it.

Punctuation of “Including however not limited To


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If you usage the expression “including however not restricted to” for a very short list of things, punctuating the actual expression isn’t a grammar necessity.

However, if you use it in addition to a very long or complex list, you have the right to use commas so the reader can far better understand what you mean.

The indigenous “including” is a gerund, which method it is a verbal finishing in -ing. A linguistic is a word based on a verb and, therefore, the is offered to suggest an activity or state of being.

Although gerunds regularly need small to no punctuation, the is usual to location a comma prior to a gerund favor “including” (source).

Some instance sentences using a comma prior to the gerund “including”:

I have plenty of hobbies, including, yet not restricted to, equine riding, fencing, cricket, and painting.

My mom adores an excellent artists, including, but not restricted to, van Gogh, Monet, and Dali.

Comma Use and the Oxford Comma

Writers often use the Oxford comma, likewise known as the serial comma, in English with long and facility sentences, such together lists for items, which regularly occurs with the phrase “including but not minimal to.”

The Oxford comma’s purpose is to indicate whether the two last things discussed in a list are two different things or even if it is they are examples of the vault thing.

PunctuationSentenceExplanation
No Oxford CommaI love my parents, Rihanna and Sherlock Holmes.This way that the speak loves your parents and also that their parents room Rihanna and also Sherlock Holmes.
With Oxford CommaI love my parents, Rihanna, and also Garfield.This is a perform of people that has parents, Rihanna, and Garfield, and also the speaker loves all of them.

If you were speaking, you would not have the ability to see the dot used and would have to use the context of the sentence come deduce its meaning.

However, once writing, although the oxford comma is optional, it conveniently clarifies the definition of a sentence and also makes it easier to read (source).

When you’re making use of the phrase “including but not minimal to,” you would certainly most most likely list a huge number that items, for this reason the Oxford comma or serial comma would assist with the readability the the sentence as a whole.

“Including however not limited to” Comma Placement

We deserve to use commas in various methods to clarification the definition and lull the readability of your sentence making use of “including yet not minimal to.”

The very first is to omit the usage of commas entirely. This has actually the potential to make your sentence seem clumsy and untidy if it includes substantial list, yet it is not wrong. Think about the complying with example:

The camp tasks include however are not restricted to team building, archery, and also fishing.

As you deserve to see indigenous the over example, the just commas in use room in the actual list, however that’s because the list is short, and also the an interpretation is quiet clear.

However, many world may discover this writing format clumsy, together it seems prefer a really long sentence the does not market the reader any breaks.

Therefore, the better way to compose a sentence making use of the expression “including however not restricted to” would certainly be to ar commas after ~ the “including” and also after the “to,” together in this example:

The camp activities include, but are not limited to, team building, archery, and fishing.

This writing format offers the reader two breaks in a really long sentence and, together a bonus, looks neat and tidy.

When using commas to break up a sentence, the important thing come remember is that the first and critical parts need to still do sense also if you take the bit between the commas away.

The camp tasks include team building, archery, and fishing.

As you have the right to see, the sentence has actually retained its meaning but is now vaguer, and also the opportunity of other activities isn’t as obvious.

That is why we use the full phrase “including but not minimal to” — the “but not limited to” indicates there is an ext to the list than what is stated outright.

If you to be to usage the Oxford comma, that wouldn’t adjust the sentence’s definition at all and also would tho be correct (source).

The camp activities include team building, archery, and also fishing.

The camp activities include, but are not restricted to, team building, archery, and also fishing.

Using “Including yet not restricted To” in a Sentence

As with any kind of English phrase, “including however not restricted to” needs to have actually properly conjugated verbs depending upon the context.

For this phrase specifically, you would conjugate just the native “including,” however remember that the rest of the sentence demands to be in line through the proper conjugations regarded the subject and also the noun.

Because “including yet not restricted to” is regularly used with the word “is,” you will have to conjugate the “is” together well. Let’s watch at exactly how we conjugate verbs because that “including yet not restricted to” for a singular or many subject.

SingularPlural
ExampleThe English alphabet includes however is not restricted to the letters A, B, and also C.School activities include yet are not minimal to hockey, netball, and also basketball.
Explanation“Alphabet” is singular, therefore you usage “includes” and “is.”“Activities” is plural, so you use “include” and also “are.”

Examples making use of “Including but not minimal To”

As we’ve discussed, the phrase “including however not limited to” have the right to be used to indicate that the things named in a specific list are component of other larger, and the larger thing may also include various other items not mentioned.

Although it is a legit term, us can additionally use the phrase in daily speech, specifically if you’re involved there is other you simply couldn’t think the at that moment but that you wouldn’t want to exclude. Below are some sentence examples.

My reading list includes, but is not minimal to, bother Potter, The Da Vinci Code, and Atonement.

The firm will likewise pay usual and normal administrative expenses, including, however not minimal to, hotel stays, shuttles, and also food.

Organizations, including, but not limited to, businesses, unions, charities, and also corporations, aren’t citizen and, therefore, can not vote.

Our itinerary includes however is not minimal to a zoo visit, a museum visit, and also lunch in ~ the deli.

I enjoy takeaways, including, yet not limited to, KFC, Pizza Hut, and also McDonald’s.

Origin and also Applications the “Including however not restricted To”

The expression “including yet not minimal to” source in the legit field and also has due to the fact that migrated to other main contexts where certain wording is necessary to cover any type of potential loopholes.

Although writers mainly use this phrase in a legit or contractual context, it can also be applied in everyday informal speech, back this isn’t a prevalent occurrence.

Legal Use

When composing legal documents, exceptional treatment needs come be paid to word use, together ambiguous interpretations or interpretations deserve to have catastrophic or i have lot of money impacts.

This is why seemingly redundancy phrases such as “including yet not limited to” are developed specifically for contractual use.

Even though the words “including” and also “not restricted to” are comparable in meaning, that is vital in a legal context to usage both as it boundaries the opportunity of ambiguity.

This way that making use of “including” through itself have the right to lead come the expertise that just what who specifically stated or laid the end is included.

If you usage both “including” and also “not limited to,” this opens up up the possibility that the human being drafting the file implies the consist of of a big range of items there is no the have to list every solitary one of them.

For example, you could say the the alphabet consists of the letters A, B, and also C. You will notification that, back the other letters have actually been left out, the possibility remains the they are additionally included.

Still, the possibility additionally exists the the drafter on purpose left out the various other letters so as to exclude them.

If you were to say the the alphabet includes however is not restricted to the letters A, B, and C, girlfriend ensure that the others are included as well by default.

Although this is a generally used phrase in legal jargon, specific judges might still consider it pass out if someone to be to challenge it.

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That means that, must a proper case be created it, a referee may ascendancy in donate of the the opposite party if they stated that “including yet not limited to” was as well vague together it did no specifically note down each of the items come be consisted of (source).