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Nationalities in Spanish are among those points that you just need come memorize in bespeak to usage correctly, as there room no rules to know how to to speak a nationality based upon the surname of the nation (just prefer in English).

However, there are some basic rules you should know:

Gender

To use nationalities appropriately you need to use the correct gender based on the topic of the sentence.

Example: (Peruvian) peruano – peruana

Singular and plural

Nationalities have to present if the subject is singular and also plural.

Example: (Colombian) colombiano/ colombiana – colombianos/ colombianas.

Not capitalized

Unlike in English, nationalities in Spanish are never capitalized.

Example: Chileno – chileno

Nationalities in Spanish List

As I said before, there aren’t rules because that nationalities. But, favor English, we have usual endings the might assist you decision which one sounds more correct and also eventually obtain them appropriate with practice.

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An – Ano (a) 

EnglishSpanishNationality
 GermanyAlemaniaalemán – alemana
 Colombia Colombia colombiano -colombiana
 Peru Perú peruano – peruana
 Italy Italiaitaliano – italiana

Ense

EnglishSpanishNationality
CanadaCanadácanadiense
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
costaricense
 United StatesEstados Unidosestadounidense
 NicaraguaNicaraguanicaraguense

Eño – eña

EnglishSpanishNationality
El SalvadorEl Salvadorsalvadoreño – salvadoreña
BrazilBrasilbrasileño – brasileña
PanamaPanamápanameño – panameña
Puerto RicoPuerto Ricopuertorriqueño – puertorriqueña

Es – esa

EnglishSpanishNationality
 PortugalPortugalportugués – portuguesa
FranceFranciafrancés – francesa
FinlandFinlandiafinlandés – finlandesa
JapanJapónjaponés – japonesa

ino – ina

EnglishSpanishNationality
ChinaChinachino – china
PhilippinesFilipinasfilipino – filipina
ArgentinaArgentinaargentino – argentina

Eno – ena 

EnglishSpanishNationality
ChileChilechileno – chilena
SloveniaEsloveniaesloveno – eslovena

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Sushi is indigenous Japan – El sushi es __ __ __ __ __ __ __The Effel Tower is native France – La torre Effel es__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Andy and also Sally space from Australia – Ellos boy __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __María is from Brazil – Ella es __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Shakira is native Colombia – Ella es__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Baseball is indigenous The United says – Es __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Mr. And also Mrs. Chang space from China – Ellos son__ __ __ __ __ __Pizza is indigenous Italy – Es__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __BMW is from Germany – Es __ __ __ __ __ __Tacos space from Mexico – Son__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
CountrySlang
 AlemaniaTeutón
HondurasCatracho
Francia Galo
Portugal Luso
Antigua y BarbudaAntiguanos
SuizaHelvéticos
Puerto RicoBoricua
ParaguayGuaraní
Estados UnidosGringo
NicaraguaNica
El SalvadorGunaco
PerúCholo
Nueva ZelandaKiwi
GuatemalaChapín
Países BajosNeerlandés

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