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Nationalities in Spanish are among those points that you just need come memorize in bespeak to usage correctly, as there room no rules to know how to to speak a nationality based upon the surname of the nation (just prefer in English).

However, there are some basic rules you should know:


To use nationalities appropriately you need to use the correct gender based on the topic of the sentence.

Example: (Peruvian) peruano – peruana

Singular and plural

Nationalities have to present if the subject is singular and also plural.

Example: (Colombian) colombiano/ colombiana – colombianos/ colombianas.

Not capitalized

Unlike in English, nationalities in Spanish are never capitalized.

Example: Chileno – chileno

Nationalities in Spanish List

As I said before, there aren’t rules because that nationalities. But, favor English, we have usual endings the might assist you decision which one sounds more correct and also eventually obtain them appropriate with practice.

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An – Ano (a) 

 GermanyAlemaniaalemán – alemana
 Colombia Colombia colombiano -colombiana
 Peru Perú peruano – peruana
 Italy Italiaitaliano – italiana


Costa Rica
Costa Rica
 United StatesEstados Unidosestadounidense

Eño – eña

El SalvadorEl Salvadorsalvadoreño – salvadoreña
BrazilBrasilbrasileño – brasileña
PanamaPanamápanameño – panameña
Puerto RicoPuerto Ricopuertorriqueño – puertorriqueña

Es – esa

 PortugalPortugalportugués – portuguesa
FranceFranciafrancés – francesa
FinlandFinlandiafinlandés – finlandesa
JapanJapónjaponés – japonesa

ino – ina

ChinaChinachino – china
PhilippinesFilipinasfilipino – filipina
ArgentinaArgentinaargentino – argentina

Eno – ena 

ChileChilechileno – chilena
SloveniaEsloveniaesloveno – eslovena


Sushi is indigenous Japan – El sushi es __ __ __ __ __ __ __The Effel Tower is native France – La torre Effel es__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Andy and also Sally space from Australia – Ellos boy __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __María is from Brazil – Ella es __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Shakira is native Colombia – Ella es__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Baseball is indigenous The United says – Es __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __Mr. And also Mrs. Chang space from China – Ellos son__ __ __ __ __ __Pizza is indigenous Italy – Es__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __BMW is from Germany – Es __ __ __ __ __ __Tacos space from Mexico – Son__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Francia Galo
Portugal Luso
Antigua y BarbudaAntiguanos
Puerto RicoBoricua
Estados UnidosGringo
El SalvadorGunaco
Nueva ZelandaKiwi
Países BajosNeerlandés

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