An median cow weighs in between 800lbs and also 1400lbs (approximately 360kg – 635kg), return cow load varies relying on the breed and also age of the cow.

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The largest cattle breeds can weigh approximately 3500lbs (1600kg). Males tend to weigh an ext than females, and also beef cows tend to weigh an ext than dairy products cows.


In this article, we’re walk to breakdown average cow weights across various each other of cattle, learn just how much cows sweet at different ages, and also look in ~ some points that affect the load of cattle.

How hefty are Cows?

According come the USDA, the average weight of all adult livestock at the suggest of slaughter was 1371lbs (621 kg).

This number is a great starting point, but it’s no the entirety picture. Cattle are normally slaughtered as soon as their weight is together high as feasible to maximize profits, so this figure is not a true reflection of the typical weight of every living cows

To find the median weight of every cows, fine look at the average weight that the most common breeds and also work the end a rough average weight for every cows based on the popular of every breed.

Distribution that Beef/Dairy cattle in the USA

In the unified States, the total livestock inventory because that 2021 was 93.6 million head that cattle. Follow to the united state Dept of Agriculture, roughly 40.6 million that the total cattle in the United claims are adults, v the remainder being consisted of of calves.

Of the 40.6 million adult livestock in the united States, there room 31.2 million beef cattle and also 9.4 million dairy products cattle. This means that roughly 77% that adult livestock are beef cattle and also 23% room dairy cattle.

Cattle perform (2021) Table

Source: united state Dept of agriculture 2021 cattle Report

Number (Head that Cattle)Percentage that Adult Cattle
Total Adult Cattle40,600,000100%
Beef Cattle31,200,00076.8%
Dairy Cattle9,400,00023.2%

How much Does an average Dairy Cow Weigh?

For the median weight the a dairy cow, we will look at the weight of the Friesian-Holstein breed, due to the fact that this specific breed makes up end 94% of all dairy livestock in the joined States.

According come Pennsylvania State University, the median weight of an adult Friesian-Holstein dairy cow is 1,200lbs at 24 months.

Dairy cattle usually weigh much less than beef cattle, because dairy cows devote a big part the their energy to developing milk, and also their lean, reliable bodies average they don’t have to waste energy on maintaining large muscles.

How much Does an mean Beef Cow Weigh?

According come data from the USDA’s Germplasm review Report i beg your pardon is conducted annually, the typical weight that adult beef cattle throughout all breeds is 1,390lbs.

Beef cattle are usually bigger than dairy products cattle because they have been selectively bred because that size and also muscle, conversely, dairy cattle have to be selected for milk production and as a result have thinner, weaker bodies.

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According to the data, an median adult beef cow is approximately 190lbs (86kg) heavier than an mean adult dairy product cow.

Average weight of Cows

Using the median weight of dairy product cows (1200lbs) and also beef cows (1390lbs), and also the circulation of dairy come beef cattle detailed by the USDA, we have the right to work the end the median weight of all adult cows.

The median weight of every adult living cattle in the United claims is 1,345lbs or 610kg. This is consisted of of 76.8% beef cattle, which sweet 1390lbs top top average, and also 23.2% dairy cattle, which sweet 1,200lbs ~ above average. This number is less than the typical slaughter weight of cattle, i m sorry is 1371lbs (621kg).

What Contributes to Cow Weight?

Cow load is influenced by number of factors, including the each other of cattle, their diet, whether they space male or woman (males tend to it is in larger), and how old lock are.

Let’s take it a look in ~ a few of these and see exactly how they affect a cow’s weight:

1: Breed

Cow weight is strongly influenced by their breed, through some miniature breeds weighing as small as 600lbs, contrasted to part breeds particularly bred for breeze weighing in at over 3,000lbs.

Beef livestock breeds prefer Angus and Hereford tend to weigh more than dairy product breeds choose Holstein and also Jersey, but the largest breeds are the draft breeds choose the mighty Chianna and Limousin, whose huge weight have the right to be attributed to the truth that they have actually been selectively bred because that generations to rise their toughness as much as possible.

BreedAverage load (Cows)Average load (Bulls)
Angus1210lbs (549kg)1870lbs (848kgs)
Hereford1200lbs (544kg)1800lbs
Limousin1650lbs (750kg)2530lbs (1150kg)


2: Diet

Cows’ diet influences their weight, with specific high-density feeds choose corn, oats, barley, and soy helping cows come grow an ext quickly contrasted to a organic diet of grass, i m sorry is less nutrient-dense.

Read More: have the right to Cows Eat Corn?

3: Age

It goes there is no saying that cows end up being heavier together they age, but it’s not constantly obvious just exactly how drastic a cow’s growth can be.

According to Penn. State University, some cattle can prosper at a staggering price of approximately 4.5lb (2kg) every day.

Cow calves are about 90lbs as soon as they are born, and attain their full adult load after about two years.

Read More: just how Long carry out Cows Live?

4: Sex

Male cattle are heavier 보다 female cattle, due to their bigger heads, denser bones, and greater muscle come fat ratio.

Within males, bulls have tendency to be larger than steers, and male beef cattle tend to be larger than masculine dairy cattle.


To amount up, the mean cow weighs between 800 and also 1400lbs, although your weight varies significantly by breed and also depending on their diet, age, and also sex.

In the joined States, the average weight of a beef cow is 1,390lbs, the mean weight that a dairy products cow is 1,200lbs, and also the typical weight of every adult cows is roughly 1345lbs (610kg).

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When cows room slaughtered, your weight is higher than the typical weight of an adult cow. The mean live load of a slaughtered cow in the us is 1,371lbs (621kg). This renders sense, due to the fact that cows space usually slaughtered as soon as they are at their heaviest, come maximize the meat yield.