High-quality rat food or lab blocks and minimal amounts the grain, vegetables and fruits.Clean, fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water, readjusted daily.Do not feeding chocolate, caffeine or alcohol together these can reason serious medical conditions. Prevent sugar and also high fat treats.

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Feeding

Things to remember once feeding your rat:

Fresh food and water should constantly be available.A limited amount the grain, vegetables, fruits or Timothy hay deserve to be given daily but should no exceed 10% of their complete dietVegetables and also fruits not eaten within 24 hours should be discarded.

Housing

Rats acclimate fine to average family temperatures, no to exceed 80°F; be cautious of extreme temperature changes. The habitat need to never it is in in straight sunlight or in a drafty area.Habitat have to be plastic, steel or glass and escape-proof v a hard bottom; there should be lot of of room because that the rat to exercise and play. It is ideal to administer the largest habitat possible.1-2" that bedding must be inserted in the habitat; suitable bedding contains high quality file bedding, crumbled paper bedding, or hardwood shavings. Cedar-based assets are no recommended.Rats deserve to be retained in same-sex pairs that have actually been elevated together. Different types of small animals must not be housed together.

Normal Behavior

Play during the night and also rest throughout the job (nocturnal) but can readjust to her schedule.Hide in objects but will come out when human being come close to the habitat.Chew on objects to preserve incisor teeth, which prosper continuously; ensure they have plenty of hardwood chew sticks or mineral chews.

Habitat Maintenance

Clean and also disinfect the habitat and its contents at the very least once a week v a 3% bleach solution. Wash and enable to dry totally before placing the rat earlier into the habitat.Remove wet point out daily; readjust bedding at least once a week, or more often as necessary.

Grooming & Hygiene

Rats stay clean and rarely need baths, however can it is in spot-cleaned with a damp washcloth or unscented baby wipes if needed.Consult v a veterinary if a rat"s this seem also long.

Health

Signs that a healthy and balanced Animal

Active, alert, and sociableEats and drinks regularlyHealthy fur and also clear eyesBreathing is unlaboredWalks normally

Red Flags

weight lossabnormal hair lossdiarrhea or dirty bottomdistressed breathinglethargiceye or sleep dischargeskin lesionsovergrown this

Common health Issues

Health IssueSymptoms or CausesSuggested Action
Health worry DiarrheaSymptoms or Causes loose stool brought about by poor diet, stress, internal parasites, unclean housing, or other illness.Suggested activity Consult with a veterinarian to identify cause and treatment.
Health issue MalocclusionSymptoms or reasons Overgrown teeth.Suggested activity Consult through a veterinarian to have actually teeth trimmed regularly.
Health problem Respiratory diseaseSymptoms or causes Sneezing, cough, red-colored discharge native eyes and nose.Suggested activity Consult v a tiny animal veterinarian.
Health problem Skin lesions, mammary tumors.Symptoms or causes Sores top top skin, abnormal lumps.Suggested action Consult with a small animal veterinarian.

Shopping perform for necessary supplies:


nesting fluffbook about rats
Download as PDF

Sources

Ask a keep partner around ubraintv-jp.com"s choice of books on rats and also the variety of personal brand products accessible for the care and also happiness the your new pet. All private brand products carry a 100% money-back guarantee.

Because all little animals room potential carriers of infectious diseases, such as Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis, Rat Bite Fever and Salmonella, constantly wash her hands before and also after handling your little animal or habitat materials to assist prevent the potential spread of disease.

Pregnant women, youngsters under the period of 5, an elderly citizens and people with weakened immune equipment should contact their physician before purchasing or caring for little animals and also should consider not having a small animal together a pet.

Go to the Centers for an illness Control at cdc.gov/healthypets for much more information about tiny animals and disease.

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Note: The info in this care Sheet is no a substitute for veterinary care. If girlfriend need extr information, please refer to the sources on the complying with page or call your veterinarian as appropriate.