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Things to remember once feeding your rat:Fresh food and water should constantly be available.A limited amount the grain, vegetables, fruits or Timothy hay deserve to be given daily but should no exceed 10% of their complete dietVegetables and also fruits not eaten within 24 hours should be discarded.
HousingRats acclimate fine to average family temperatures, no to exceed 80°F; be cautious of extreme temperature changes. The habitat need to never it is in in straight sunlight or in a drafty area.Habitat have to be plastic, steel or glass and escape-proof v a hard bottom; there should be lot of of room because that the rat to exercise and play. It is ideal to administer the largest habitat possible.1-2" that bedding must be inserted in the habitat; suitable bedding contains high quality file bedding, crumbled paper bedding, or hardwood shavings. Cedar-based assets are no recommended.Rats deserve to be retained in same-sex pairs that have actually been elevated together. Different types of small animals must not be housed together.
Normal BehaviorPlay during the night and also rest throughout the job (nocturnal) but can readjust to her schedule.Hide in objects but will come out when human being come close to the habitat.Chew on objects to preserve incisor teeth, which prosper continuously; ensure they have plenty of hardwood chew sticks or mineral chews.
Habitat MaintenanceClean and also disinfect the habitat and its contents at the very least once a week v a 3% bleach solution. Wash and enable to dry totally before placing the rat earlier into the habitat.Remove wet point out daily; readjust bedding at least once a week, or more often as necessary.
Grooming & HygieneRats stay clean and rarely need baths, however can it is in spot-cleaned with a damp washcloth or unscented baby wipes if needed.Consult v a veterinary if a rat"s this seem also long.
Signs that a healthy and balanced AnimalActive, alert, and sociableEats and drinks regularlyHealthy fur and also clear eyesBreathing is unlaboredWalks normally
Red Flagsweight lossabnormal hair lossdiarrhea or dirty bottomdistressed breathinglethargiceye or sleep dischargeskin lesionsovergrown this
Common health Issues
|Health worry Diarrhea||Symptoms or Causes loose stool brought about by poor diet, stress, internal parasites, unclean housing, or other illness.||Suggested activity Consult with a veterinarian to identify cause and treatment.|
|Health issue Malocclusion||Symptoms or reasons Overgrown teeth.||Suggested activity Consult through a veterinarian to have actually teeth trimmed regularly.|
|Health problem Respiratory disease||Symptoms or causes Sneezing, cough, red-colored discharge native eyes and nose.||Suggested activity Consult v a tiny animal veterinarian.|
|Health problem Skin lesions, mammary tumors.||Symptoms or causes Sores top top skin, abnormal lumps.||Suggested action Consult with a small animal veterinarian.|
Shopping perform for necessary supplies:
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Because all little animals room potential carriers of infectious diseases, such as Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis, Rat Bite Fever and Salmonella, constantly wash her hands before and also after handling your little animal or habitat materials to assist prevent the potential spread of disease.
Pregnant women, youngsters under the period of 5, an elderly citizens and people with weakened immune equipment should contact their physician before purchasing or caring for little animals and also should consider not having a small animal together a pet.
Go to the Centers for an illness Control at cdc.gov/healthypets for much more information about tiny animals and disease.
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Note: The info in this care Sheet is no a substitute for veterinary care. If girlfriend need extr information, please refer to the sources on the complying with page or call your veterinarian as appropriate.