Standing in the cloth store surrounded by bolts the gorgeous colors can be amazing – or intimidating. How have the right to you make certain you have actually enough fabric for your following project before you’re was standing at her cutting table? The vital to comment this concern is learning the broad of cloth you have accessible to you.

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The typical width the a towel bolt can be anywhere from 35 inches come 108 inches. The median bolt will autumn within the 40 to 60-inch range, with specialty fabrics falling ~ above the external reaches the the range. Till you understand the broad of your fabric, friend won’t recognize how countless yards you need.

The best method to uncover the width of your towel is to measure up it on a flat surface. Before you get that far, however, you deserve to estimate the width based upon factors favor the form of material, whereby you’re buying, and how the cloth is folded on the bolt. This guide will take you from a cloth width novice come a measure up whiz!


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What Is the broad of towel (WOF)?

The broad of the cloth or WOF describes the distance in between the outermost warp threads. As soon as you manufacture cloth on a loom, there are threads to run in 2 directions, the warp and also the weft. If friend think of the towel like a large grid, the warp subject run height to bottom, and also the weft threads run left come right.

The usable width of your towel is the measurement between the warp object on the left edge come the warp thread on the best edge, minus any selvage. The actual item of material could be broader than the usable portion, however most manufacturers will carry out the usable width quite than the yes, really width.

In sewing, the WOF is the lot of space you have to place your pattern pieces in between selvage edges. You desire to reduced within that boundary because selvage edges space denser than the rest of the fabric, so consisting of them in a pattern piece deserve to make your garment pucker.

For quilting, WOF can incorporate the selvage edges. This is due to the fact that you normally aren’t using pattern piece to cut out quilt fabric. A quilting instruction like “cut the end a four-inch WOF strip” would typical to cut one piece of fabric, consisting of selvage edges.

Why Is cloth Width Important?

Fabric width is important due to the fact that it will help you identify how plenty of yards of cloth you’ll require to complete your pattern. Because that example, if you have a quilting pattern the calls for 5 yards the a fabric with a WOF that 45 inches, but you want to usage a cloth that has actually a much shorter WOF, you’ll recognize you need an ext than 5 yards to finish the pattern.

Most trends for sewing or quilting projects will offer you both a yardage requirement and also a WOF measurement. Knowing these two measurements is the only means to guarantee you’ll have actually the best amount of fabric for your project prior to you start cutting.

How to measure the broad of Fabric

Measuring the broad of your towel is straightforward – all you require is a big flat surface and also a yardstick or various other measuring tool. Put your fabric out flat, smoothing out any kind of wrinkles. Make certain you’ve unravelled it so the you have the right to see both selvage edges. Location one finish of her yardstick on one selvage edge and note where the number whereby the various other selvage sheet touches.

If you use a cutting mat with measurements printed ~ above it, you have the right to lay out your cloth there to check the measurements. Measure tapes work too, however a stubborn tool like a yardstick is much more likely to offer you specific measurement every time.

To examine the usable width between selvage edges, readjust the place of your yardstick so that the zero is inside wall up with the start of the usable fabric. Many fabrics will be much less than a yard across, yet for more comprehensive fabrics favor quilt backing or upholstery, you may need to use multiple yardsticks or a large cutting mat to measure your WOF.

What Is the typical Width of cloth Bolt?


Fabric broad varies through manufacturer and fabric type. While there isn’t a typical width for all cloth bolts, over there are methods to estimate how wide fabric is before you measure it. Similar fabrics often tend to have similar widths; because that example, most cotton fabrics have the exact same width whereas many wools have the exact same width, yet wool and also cotton won’t necessarily have the very same width together each other.

The median width for cloth you’d uncover in a local craft store or fabric store is between 40 and also 60 inches. When you see cloth rolled increase on rectangular cardboard bolts, it’s safe to assume the the width is walk to fall somewhere between 35 inches and 108 inches. Understanding the sort of towel will aid you make a closer guess.

What Is single Width Fabric?

Single-width towel refers to any kind of fabric that’s wrapped approximately the bolt unfolded. As soon as you unroll a single-width fabric, you’ll only have actually one great on your cutting table. The selvage edges will certainly be on opposite sides of the fabric, and you’ll it is in able to clearly see the right and wrong political parties of the fabric. Single-width cloth is typically wrapped roughly the bolt with the ideal side encountering outwards, so you can see it.

What Is dual Width Fabric?

Double width towel is a fabric that is folded in half widthwise prior to the manufacturer wraps it around the bolt. As soon as you unwrap this fabric, the selvage edges will be top top the very same side, and the opposite side will have a fold.

This is how extremely broad fabrics like upholstery or drapery fabrics are packaged. Typically, the appropriate side of the cloth will challenge outwards, and also the dorn sides will certainly be dealing with each various other inside the fold. Once you cut this fabric off the bolt, you’ll have a twin layer.

Fabrics with Narrow Widths

Narrow fabrics often tend to be materials that you use for smaller pieces, like interfacing. You don’t need as lot width, for this reason bolts the interfacing tend to be closer to 30 inches 보다 40. Vintage fabrics, particularly cottons and also muslins, likewise tend to be narrower 보다 40 inches.

Smaller looms cause narrower fabrics, so towel manufactured external of a commercial setup is an ext likely to be narrow. This fabrics are normally older, or an ext specialty. The is rarely to discover these fabrics in your average cloth store.

Fabrics with median Widths

The vast bulk of fabrics the you’ll discover today will fall within the 40 to 60-inch range. Quilting cotton and also most apparel fabric fit these parameters. Within this range, quilting fabrics tend to be larger than others.

Cotton is frequently a few inches wider than flannel, and also wool is typically a few inches broader than cotton. All of these, however, will be single-width fabrics. If you discover an apparel towel that’s folded double on the bolt, it’s walking to be an extra vast fabric.

Wider than median Fabrics (Extra wide Fabric)

The most common extra large fabrics room for upholstery and home decor. These fabrics have tendency to it is in packaged as double width due to the fact that they’re so wide. They space typically in between 54 inches and 108 inch wide. Residence decor fabrics with complex patterns choose brocades space usually extra large to reduce the require for sample matching and also seaming on big items, prefer couches or drapes.

Some less usual apparel fabrics additionally show increase in extra wide widths. Knit jersey, corduroy, and twill skew wider, since of the way they’re made. Knit jersey is an ext likely to be sold dual width than corduroy, however, since it is easier to fold.

Quilt backing is also commonly marketed in extra vast widths. Backing an entire quilt in one seamless item of cloth usually requires more than 60 customs in width. A traditional queen-size bed is 60 customs across, therefore making quilts come fit anything larger than a queen requires more comprehensive quilt backing.

How to uncover the broad of towel Bolts


Before you pull under a bolt and also roll it the end to cut, it’s a an excellent idea to try to uncover the width. The will aid you calculation how numerous yards you’ll need, and also whether the towel can accommodate your pattern.

If the towel is wrapped roughly a rectangle-shaped cardboard bolt, inspect the end of the cardboard for a label. Many cardboard bolts will have actually a sticker v information about the fabric, including the WOF, fiber content, and washing instructions. Relying on the retailer, this brand could also include pricing per garden information.

If the cloth is ~ above a roll or the cardboard bolt is blank, examine for a hanging tag or an additional label nearby. The tag must contain every one of the same details that the bolt would.

Keep in mind that the yardage the label states may not be accurate, particularly if someone rather has currently purchased some of the bolt. Always measure the fabric before cutting or to buy the bolt. Measure twice, cut once applies from the very beginning of her project!

Does the Width change How numerous Yards room On a Bolt?

The WOF doesn’t have actually a large influence top top how many yards space wrapped approximately a bolt. The mean bolt has in between 40 and 100 yards, to begin with, regardless of the width. The thickness of the towel has much more impact top top the yardage than the width.

Thicker product will have actually less yardage length than thinner material since it is harder to wrap approximately the bolt as plenty of times. Denim will get too thick because that the cardboard bolt prior to a cotton/lycra mix will.

When you’re buying whole bolt the fabric, make certain to measure it even if the size are published on the label. Especially in sleeve chains, you may not have the ability to tell if who else has purchased part of the bolt or not. It’s far better to take the moment to measure out your fabric in the store than to obtain home and start cutting, just to realize you’re short a few yards!

Is a Bolt measure the Same method as a Roll?


When you’re buying fabric wholesale, or from a big outlet, friend might an alert that the fabric isn’t folded onto bolts. Rather, it’s rolling up ~ above tubes, like wrapping paper. Rolfes of cloth aren’t measure up the same method as bolts.

Extra wide fabric have the right to be put on rolls in a solitary layer instead of folded double over bolts. This is helpful for thicker, much less flexible fabrics the won’t fold together neatly. Rolls space a more common practice for wholesalers because they are dealing with larger amounts at a time. Marketing 250 yards reduced from a solitary roll is easier than offering that lot in 40-yard bolts.

How wide Is cloth Sold through the Yard?

Fabric is usually offered by the yard, no issue how broad it is. The price every yard have to account for the broad of the fabric, too. For instance, double width fabric might look like it costs twin per yard together a comparable fabric sold solitary width. Actually, the price per square foot is likely the same, friend just obtain twice together much towel per garden in dual width together you execute in a single.

“By the yard” is a shorter means of note the dimension of towel than labeling towel by square feet or square inches. Offering it through lengths and providing you through widths is a method to provide you an ext information around the cloth than other means of measure it.

How come Make sure You Get enough Fabric

Knowing the width is the first step in gaining enough cloth for her project. As soon as you know this information, there space a few more points to look in ~ to make sure you don’t finish up short-changing yourself.

Look at her pattern to see just how you’ll need to reduced out your pieces. Because that quilting, double check the the fabric can accommodate the widest piece of your pattern. For sewing, look in ~ the lengths that the individual sample pieces. A broad that works for a blouse, because that example, may not occupational for a full circle skirt.

Make sure to inspect the selvage edge of the towel when you’re making her calculations. Also a tiny overlap v the selvage can make creating your pattern daunting if there’s a huge difference in fabric density.

At the same time, make certain you have actually enough cloth to account for fussy cuttings or lining increase directional prints. While girlfriend might be able to get enough towel out that 3 yards of striped fabric, that might not it is in enough cloth to line up the stripes so that they are all dealing with the best direction. Provided the choice between to buy extra fabric and having crooked stripes or plaids, it’s better to have actually extra fabric!

Fabric broad Conversion Chart

Figuring out just how much towel you require when your pattern width and your towel width don’t enhance can it is in tricky. Usage the chart listed below as a handy overview for converting the yardage because that various cloth widths. The most typical yardage demands are listed.

Always err ~ above the next of obtaining extra fabric, especially if you’re working v directional prints or hard-to-find fabrics. The largest yardage top top this graph is 2 yards the 60-inch fabric, but the counter is the same for any yardage; simply swap the entirety number because that the yardage you require (i.e. If you require 4 yards that 60 inch, you can use 4 ¾ yards that 35 inch).



Fabric comes in a variety of widths, based on the type of fabric and also its plan use. Also though there is a variety, over there are simple tricks to figuring out the right amount of yardage for your project. Learning the width of your towel is the an initial step because that making the perfect project.

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If you discovered these tips helpful for your sewing and also quilting projects, you re welcome let us recognize in the comments! re-superstructure this write-up to assist others learn around the prestige of towel widths and also measuring your cloth accurately.