While composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart lived only to 35 years old, he left a rich heritage behind him. That wrote an ext than 600 works, according to Opera Philadelphia, consisting of symphonies ("Symphony No. 41, Jupiter"), room music ("Quintet in E flat significant for Piano, Oboe, Clarinet, Horn and also Bassoon"), operas ("The marriage of Figaro" and "The Magic Flute") and choral music ("Requiem Mass"). A son prodigy, he started playing ~ above the harpsichord at three, and also by five, Mozart to be composing, follow to Britannica. Yet he would have much more success in music than structure a flourishing family.

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By 13, he had toured most of Europe and was creating symphonies and an operetta, "Bastien and Bastieime." The brand-new Yorker said he to be advertised in London together "the most amazing Genius, the has appeared in any Age," and his father, Leopold Mozart, referred to as him "the miracle whom God allowed to it is in born in Salzburg."

Leopold, a violinist, additionally found success in the music field and published "A writing on the an essential Principles of Violin Playing," also known as "Violinschule," an prominent text of the moment that was interpreted into several languages, follow to Strings Magazine. Follow to Maynard Solomon"s publication "Mozart: A Life," Leopold observed his offspring as "his an individual economic source and insurance versus the catastrophes of old age," and was established to keep Wolfgang touring and composing.


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Leopold"s organize on Wolfgang ongoing even together his son came to be an adult. As soon as Wolfgang courted one opera singer named Aloysia Weber at age 21, his father objected and also sent him come Paris so he couldn"t seek the affair. Mozart finished up wedding she younger sister, Constanze, additionally a musician, on august 4, 1782. Their an initial child, Raimund Leopold, to be born 10 month later, yet died within 2 months indigenous "Gedärmfries," a fever and infection, according to Interlude. 


This started a terrible pattern that the pair losing youngsters during pregnancy or shortly after birth. Constanze provided birth come five more babies: knife Thomas, Johann thomas Leopold, Theresia Constanzia, Anna Maria, and also Franz Xaver, with just two, Karl and Franz, farming into adulthood. Writer Stephen Hicks has written around infant mortality rate and also notes that during the 18th century, infant deaths reached an ext than 50%. Mozart"s parents also suffered from such loss, with 5 babies dying. 

Like countless talented musicians, Wolfgang passed away leaving tiny money behind for his family. Luigi Carp wrote in "Mozart: His catastrophic Life and also His Controversial Death" that as soon as it concerned money, he to be "casual come a fault, indecisive, careless, and extravagant, the did not seem to face reality, and also he lacked adroitness in business and also financial matters." 


While Wolfgang liked to live extravagantly, wearing the many luxurious fashions, sending out his boy (pictured above) to private school, and also giving high-quality parties, his absence of fortune additionally had to carry out with just how the music market changed.


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As that aged, Mozart uncovered fewer creating commissions and also performance opportunities. Together a freelancer, according to Biography, even when Mozart worked sometimes he lost money, since he frequently needed come subsidize the take trip expenses.


After Mozart died, Constanze, climate 29, paid every the family"s debts. She had tiny money, said Encyclopedia.com, therefore she and her 2 sons lived with her family. However friends and also others aided her: She got a small annual pension kind the divine Roman Emperor Leopold II, a family friend financed she sons" education, and also her husband"s friends and also fans arranged a advantage concert. 

She met Georg Nikolaus von Nissen, a Danish diplomat, in 1797. He assisted her to organize Mozart"s remaining work, and also she started marketing some of this to Johann Andre that Offenbach, a provided publisher she husband once knew. She married Nissen in June 1809, reported the The Guardian, and together they started work top top a biography of Mozart.

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Her sons through Mozart — Karl, a civil servant, who stayed in Italy, and also Franz, a composer and pianist — remained close to their mother until her death on in march 6, 1842, in ~ the age of 80. Neither son had actually children, and Mozart"s direct bloodline ended when his older surviving son, Karl, passed away on October 31, 1858, in ~ 74. Franz passed away July 29, 1844.