Symbol: HgAtomic Number: 80Atomic Weight: 200.59Classification: shift metalPhase in ~ Room Temperature: LiquidDensity: 13.534 grams per centimeter cubedMelting Point: -38.83°C, -37.89°FBoiling Point: 356.7°C, 674.1°FDiscovered by: Known about since old timesMercury is the third element in the twelfth tower of the routine table. The is classified as a shift metal. Mercury atoms have actually 80 electrons and 80 protons with 122 neutrons in the many abundant isotope.Characteristics and PropertiesUnder standard conditions mercury is a shiny, heavy, silvery liquid. That is the only steel that is fluid at room temperature. It will certainly evaporate right into the air in ~ room temperature.Mercury is very poisonous and can be took in by human beings through the air, skin, or by eat food through mercury. Too lot mercury can kill a person.When mercury come into call with other metals, it dissolves them and also forms a brand-new substance referred to as an amalgam. Iron is just one of the few exceptions and, as a result, is frequently used to keep mercury.Where is it found on Earth?Mercury is a very rare facet found in the Earth"s crust. The is sometimes discovered in its totally free state, but is usually discovered in ores such as cinnabar, livingstonite, and also corderoite. Most mercury this particular day is produced from the mining of cinnabar, a bright red ore.For plenty of years Spain and Italy to be the biggest producers that mercury. Spain mined mercury in order to usage it in their mining procedure for silver- in southern America. Today, the bulk of mercury is mined in China and Kyrgyzstan.

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How is mercury supplied today?
Mercury is offered in a range of applications, however is being phased out of some of them because of health issues. Due to its high density and also thermal expansion characteristics, it is supplied in measuring tools such as thermometers and also barometers. A major application today is fluorescent lamps and also mercury vapor lamps.Other applications for mercury encompass dental fillings, telescopes, cosmetics, and vaccines.How was it discovered?Mercury has actually been known around since ancient times and was supplied by human beings such as ancient Egypt and ancient China. The an initial emperor the China, Qin Shi Huang, believed that mercury was part of the Elixir the Life the would assist him come live forever. Unfortunately, mercury is toxic and also consuming mercury is most likely what eliminated him.For plenty of years, alchemists believed that mercury was the "prima materia" and that all various other metals could be do from mercury. They assumed they could use mercury to make gold.Where did mercury get its name?Mercury it s okay is name from the planet Mercury i m sorry was called after the swift messenger that the roman gods, Mercury. That was provided this name since it flowed promptly in its fluid form. The price Hg originates from the Latin word "hydragyrum" definition "liquid silver."IsotopesMercury has actually seven steady isotopes. The many abundant in nature is Mercury-202 i beg your pardon comprises around 30% of every mercury.Interesting Facts around MercuryDespite gift the only steel that is fluid at room temperature, mercury has actually the smallest liquid selection of any kind of metal. It i do not care a solid in ~ -38.83°C and a gas at 356.7°C.Some fish, such as swordfish and also shark, deserve to contain high level of mercury.The use of mercury in manufacturing has actually been banned in several nations including Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.The term "mad together a hatter" comes from hat devices who go crazy breathing in mercury vapors from chemistry they used in do hats.Never host mercury in your bare hands together it can seep v the skin and also poison you. Mercury must not be left the end in the open as it will evaporate into the air and can toxicity you v breathing it.
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