A triangular pyramid is a geometric form that has actually a triangle base and three triangle faces. It has a vertex, typical to every the 3 lateral encounters of a triangular pyramid. If every the three triangular deals with are equilateral, then together a pyramid is referred to as a tetrahedron.

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A Pyramid is a polyhedron that has actually a base and also three or an ext than 3 triangular faces that conference at a point above the basic (the apex). Triangular pyramids space formed specifically from triangles. The 3 triangular political parties slant upwards to form the triangle base. Together it is formed from four triangles, a triangular-based pyramid is additionally called a tetrahedron. Learn an ext about pyramids here.

The base of the pyramid might be based on different varieties of triangles. If all the faces are equilateral triangle or triangles whose edges space all same lengths, the pyramid is dubbed a continuous tetrahedron. If the triangles have edges of assorted lengths, the pyramid is an rarely often, rarely tetrahedron.


Triangular Pyramid Definition

A triangle pyramid is a pyramid which has a triangle base. In geometry, vertices are basically corners. Every triangular-based pyramids, either consistent or irregular, have four vertices.

Triangular-based pyramids have actually 6 edges, 3 space along the base and 3 are extending up native the base. If the 6 edges are of the very same length, every the triangles are equilateral, and also the pyramid is dubbed a continuous tetrahedron.


Types of triangle Pyramids

The different varieties of triangular pyramids room :

Regular triangle PyramidNon-regular PyramidRight triangle Pyramid

Regular triangular Pyramid

A pyramid has actually a base with sides that room equal in length. For the triangular pyramid, the basic of continual tetrahedron have to be an it is provided triangle.

Non-Regular triangular Pyramid

A pyramid has actually a base with sides that have various lengths. The base of the triangular pyramid has unequal sides. Or we have the right to say, the base could be a scalene triangle or an isosceles triangle.

Right triangle Pyramid

A three-Dimensional form with a right-angle triangle at its basic extruding approximately a single point is a right-triangular pyramid.

Properties of triangular Pyramid

The triangular pyramid has 4 facesThe 3 side faces of the triangular pyramid are trianglesThe basic is additionally triangular in shapeIt has 4 vertices (corner points)It has 6 edgesTriangular pyramid can be regular, irregular and also right-angledA consistent triangular pyramid has equilateral triangles because that all four faces

Triangular Pyramid Formula

The formula because that the area and volume the the triangular pyramid is provided here. We can use these formulas to solve the problems based upon them.

Volume of triangle Pyramid

To uncover the volume the a triangular-based pyramid, main point the area the the triangle base and the elevation of the pyramid (measured from the basic to the apex). Then, divide this number by three.

Volume = ⅓ × basic Area × Height

Surface Area of triangular Pyramid

To recognize the surface area that a triangular-based pyramid, add together the area of the base and the area of all the sides.

For constant tetrahedra, this calculate is simple. Uncover the length of the base and also the elevation of one of the triangles. Main point those measurements collectively and divide this number by two. This is the area of one of the triangles.

Now, main point this area by 4 to account for every the triangular deals with of the pyramid. For irregular tetrahedra, uncover the area of every triangle individually, utilizing the area formula. Then, add all the locations together.

Surface Area = (Base area) + ½ × Perimeter × (Slant length)

Net of a triangular Pyramid

A network of the triangular pyramid is the pattern created when the surface ar of that is to adjust out flat showing every triangular face of the figure. For different varieties of solids, the network pattern is different.

To find the net of a hard we have to keep a note of the adhering to points:

Make sure the pyramid and the net have an equal variety of faces.The shapes of the faces of the pyramid should complement the forms of the equivalent faces in the net.Imagine exactly how the net deserve to be urgently to type the pyramid and assure the all the sides fit with each other properly.


Note: Nets are advantageous when we need to find the surface ar area of the solids.

Triangular Pyramid solved Examples

Example 1: discover the surface area of a triangular pyramid v the basic area is 28cm.sq., the perimeter is 20cm, slant length is 5cm.


Surface area = + ½ × Perimeter × = 28 + ½ × 20 × 5

= 28 + 50

= 78 cm.sq.

Example 2: discover the volume of a triangle pyramid with a basic area is 28cm, elevation is 4.5cm.


Volume = ⅓ × basic Area × Height

= ⅓ × 28 × 4.5

= ⅓ × 126

= 42 cubic.cm.

Example 3: discover the volume the the complying with triangular pyramid, round off your answer to 2 decimal places.

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V = ⅓ × AH

= ⅓ × (½ bh) H

= ⅙ bhH

= ⅙ × 19 × 17 × 23

= 1238.17 (Correct to 2 decimal places)

So, the volume is 1238.17 cm3

Practise Questions

What is the volume the a regular triangular pyramid who edge length is same to 10cm?Find the total surface area of a consistent triangular pyramid whose every edge is same to 5 cm.