Catholic tradition tells us that Jesus dropped three times under the load of the cross on His means to Calvary. Ns wish to understand if any type of studies based upon historical evidence have been carried out by Catholic Church on the dimensions and also weight the the cross the Jesus bore. Because that instance, to be the cross made the dry wood or out of fresh felled tree ?


How lot did the overcome of Jesus weigh?

30At that time ‘they will certainly say to the mountains, “Fall ~ above us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”’ 31For if males do these things while the tree is green, what will take place when the is dry?” 32Two others, who were criminals, were additionally led away to it is in executed through Jesus.… - Luke 23:30-32

The cross on which our Savior to be crucified seems to be made of pine:

A microscope examination of the pieces of the overcome scattered v the human being in the kind of relics discover the fact that it to be made from a pine-tree (Rohault de Fleury, "Mémoire sur les instruments de la Passion", Paris, 1870, 63). Follow to one ancient, yet somewhat dubious, legacy the overcome of Jesus Christ measured in length an extremely nearly 189 customs (4.80 metres), native 90½ come 102½ customs (2.30 to 2.60 metres). As provided by the Evangelists, two thieves to be crucified, one ~ above either side of Christ. Their the cross must have actually resembled the one on which he suffered; in Christian art and also tradition castle generally show up lower (St. Man Chrysostom, Hom. I, xxvi, on i Cor.; top top Rom., v, 5). A huge portion that the overcome of the great thief (traditionally well-known as Dismas) is preserved at Rome in the altar the the Chapel of the Relics at Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. - The crucifixion of Jesus Christ (Catholic Encyclopedia)

There are no precise figures available as come what the Cross important weighed, yet tradition is that Jesus only carried the heavy patibulum, the crossbar to the location of crucifixion.

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In man 19:17, John claims Jesus lugged the cross while in Matthew 27:32, note 15:21 and Luke 23:26 we are notified that Simon of Cyrene aided Jesus to carry the cross. There space no precise figures on the weight of the cross. That is thought to have been made of solid lumber , therefore the totality cross is approximated to more than 300 pounds (136 kilograms) if the crossbar is approximated to be around 70-90 pounds (32-41 kilograms). - What is the load of the cross the Jesus carried?

This short article puts the weight of Christ’s crossbar indigenous 75-125 lbs or 34-57kgs); 5-6 ft long (or 1.5-1.8 m long).Jesus most likely only lugged the patibulum section of the Cross:

The episode is mentioned, without much detail, in every the canonical Gospels: Matthew 27:31–33, note 15:20–22, Luke 23:26–32 and John 19:16–18. Only John specifically states Jesus lugged his cross, and all however John include Simon of Cyrene, that was recruited by the soldiers indigenous the crowd to carry or help carry the cross. Contemporary scholars, complying with descriptions of criminals carrying crossbars through Plautus and Plutarch, regularly take the Gospel description as definition Jesus, then Simon, lugged only a hefty patibulum, the crossbar, come a pole, stipes, which was permanently driven into the ground at Golgotha. However, in Christian imagery Jesus, and Simon, carry the complete cross—both patibulum and also stipes. - Christ carrying the Cross


Christ in ~ the overcome by Carl Bloch, paint c. 1870

Many Catholics hold that ours Lord"s Cross was low come the ground together the over painting suggests and that He to be pierced through a lance and not a spear together is commonly displayed in countless Crucifixion scenes.

Biblical references:

The lance (Greek: λόγχη, lonkhē) is discussed in the Gospel of man (19:31–37), but not the Synoptic Gospels. The gospel states that the Romans to plan to break Jesus" legs, a practice known as crurifragium, which was a an approach of hastening death during a crucifixion. Just before they walk so, they realized that Jesus was already dead and that there was no factor to rest his legs. To make sure that he was dead, a roman soldier (named in extra-Biblical tradition as Longinus) stabbed that in the side.

One that the soldiers pierced his side v a lance (λόγχη), and also immediately there come out blood and water. — John 19:34

Holy Lance (Wikipedia)


Three varieties of crosses typically used by the roman army

Pictured room three types of crosses generally used through the Roman military in the very first century A.D. Each brought an engraving stating the victim"s funding offense and also a seat-like projection, not designed because that the victim"s comfort, yet to extend their agony. Nails and also ropes held the victim"s legs and arms in place.

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The overcome on the left was called a “high tau” cross due to the fact that it to be shaped favor the resources Greek letter tau (“T”). The center cross was known as a “low tau” cross, shaped choose the lower situation tau (“t”). In both instances the central post to be generally collection permanently in the ground if the cross bar was brought to the site by the victim. The overcome on the ideal was an really tree still in the ground (dead or alive) with its limbs serving together the cross bar. Jesus was probably crucified ~ above a “low tau” type cross. - What type of cross to be Jesus crucified on?

I would prefer to introduce the complying with books:

A physician at Calvary: The enthusiasm of Our lord Jesus Christ as defined by a surgeon by Pierre Barbet M.D. Come those that genuinely desire what the physical sufferings Our lord went v in his Crucifixion. That is not for the squeamish.

Another physician at Calvary What does medication tell us about the passion of ours Lord?Thomas McGovern, MD