We, the to represent of the Republican Party, in convention assembled, renew ours pledge come the principles and also traditions of our party and dedicate that anew come the business of the nation.
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We accomplish in a duration of prevalent distress and of an economic depression that has actually swept the world. The emergency is second only to the of a an excellent war. The human being suffering occasioned might well exceed that of a duration of yes, really conflict.
The supremely important problem that difficulties our citizens and also government alike is to break the earlier of the depression, to gain back the financial life of the country and to bring encouragement and also relief to the countless American family members that space sorely afflicted.
The world themselves, by their own courage, their own patient and also resolute effort in the readjustments the their own affairs, can and will work out the cure. That is our task as a party, by leadership and also a wise determination of policy, to help that recovery.
To that job we pledge all that our party own in capacity, leadership, resourcefulness and ability. Republicans, collectively and individually, in nation and State, hereby enlist in a war which will certainly not finish until the promise of American life is once an ext fulfilled.
For practically three year the human being has endured an financial depression of unmatched extent and also severity. The patience and courage of our people have been severely tested, but their belief in themselves, in your institutions and in their future stays unshaken. As soon as victory comes, together it will, this generation will certainly hand on come the next a an excellent heritage unimpaired.
This will be early in huge measure come the top quality of the management that this country has had throughout this crisis. Us have had actually in the White residence a leader—wise, courageous, patient, understanding, resourceful, ever existing at his write-up of duty, tireless in his efforts and unswervingly faithful come American principles and ideals.
At the outset of the depression, as soon as no man can foresee its depth and extent, the President thrived in averting much distress by securing agreement between industry and labor to maintain wages and also by stimulating programs of private and governmental construction. Throughout the depression unemployment has been minimal by the methodical use that part-time employment together a substitute because that the general discharge the employees. Fairy scales have not been reduced except under compelling necessity. Together a result there have been under strikes and also less social disturbance 보다 during any kind of similar period of difficult times.
The suffering and also want occasioned through the an excellent drought the 1930 were mitigated by the notice mobilization the the sources of the Red Cross and of the government. Throughout the trying winter of 1930-31 and 1931-32 a nation-wide organization to relieve distress was carried into being under the management of the President. By the feather of 1931 the opportunity of a business upturn in the United claims was clearly discernible when, suddenly, a train of occasions was set in activity in main Europe which moved forward with extraordinary rapidity and also violence, threatening the credit structure of the world and also eventually dealing a significant blow to this country.
The chairman foresaw the danger. The sought to avert that by propose a suspension the intergovernmental debt payments for one year, through the objective of relieving the push at the point of biggest intensity. Yet the credit transaction machinery of the countries of central Europe might not stand up to the strain, and the forces of disintegration continued to obtain momentum until in September
Great britain was compelled to depart native the yellow standard. This momentous event, adhered to by significant raid top top the dollar, brought about a collection of bank suspensions in this country, and the hoarding of money on a large scale.
Again the president acted. Under his leadership the national Credit association came into being. That mobilized our bank resources, saved scores of financial institutions from failure, assisted restore confidence and also proved of inestimable worth in strengthening the credit structure.
By the time the conference met the personality of our troubles was clearer 보다 ever. In his blog post to conference the chairman outlined a constructive and also definite program which in the main has been carried out; other portions may yet be carried out.
The Railroad credit transaction Corporation to be created. The capital of the commonwealth Land banks was increased. The restoration Finance corporation came into being and also brought protection to countless depositors, plan holders and also others.
Legislation to be enacted enlarging the discount facilities of the federal Reserve System, and, without reducing the legit reserves of the commonwealth Reserve Banks, release a exchange rate dollars that gold, a formidable protection against raids top top the dollar and also a substantially enlarged basis for an development of credit.
An earlier circulation to depositor in closed financial institutions has to be brought around through the activity of the repair Finance Corporation. Over all, the nationwide credit has actually been placed in an impregnable position by delivery for enough revenue and a routine of correctly curtailment of expenditures. All of these actions were designed come lay a foundation for the resumption that business and also increased employment.
But delay and the constant introduction and consideration of new and unsound measures has kept the nation in a state that uncertainty and also fear, and also offset lot of the great otherwise accomplished.
The President has recently supplemented his initial program to carry out for distress, to wake up the revival of business and employment, and also to boost the farming situation, he recommended extending the authority of the reconstruction Finance copy, group to permit it:
(a) To make loans to politics subdivisions that public body or private corporations for the objective of starting construction of income-producing or self-liquidating projects which will certainly at once rise employment;
(b) To do loans upon defense of farming commodities so regarding insure the carrying of normal stocks that those commodities, and thus stabilize their loan value and price levels:
(c) To do loans come the federal Farm board to enable extension of loan to farm yard co-operatives and loans because that export of agricultural commodities to soldier unable to purchase them;
(d) to loan up to $300,000,000 to such claims as room unable to fulfill the calls make on them by their citizens because that distress relief.
The President"s regime contemplates an strike on a broad front, with far-ranging objectives, however entailing no risk to the budget. The autonomous program, ~ above the other hand, contemplates a heavy expenditure of publicly funds, a budget unbalanced ~ above a big scale, through a doubtful attainment of at ideal a strictly restricted objective.
We strongly endorse the President"s program.
Unemployment and Relief
True to American traditions and principles the government, the administration has related to the relief problem as one of State and also local responsibility. The work-related of local agencies, public and also private has actually been coordinated and enlarged on a nation-wide scale under the leadership of the President.
Sudden and also unforeseen emergencies such as the drought have been met through the Red Cross and the Government. The United says Public Health business has to be of inestimable advantage to stricken areas.
There has actually been magnificent an answer and activity to relax distress by citizens, organizations and agencies, public and private transparent the country.
Constructive plans because that financial stabilization can not be completely organized until our national, State and municipal federal governments not just balance their budgets but curtail their existing expenses also to a level which can be steadily and economically maintained for some years to come.
We urge prompt and drastic reduction of publicly expenditure and also resistance to every appropriation no demonstrably necessary to the performance of government, national or local.
The Republican Party established and will continue to uphold the gold standard and will oppose any measure i beg your pardon will undermine the government"s credit or dilute the truth of our national currency. Relief by currency inflation is unsound in principle and also dishonest in results. The dollar is impregnable in the marts the the world today and also must stay so. An ailing body cannot it is in cured by quack remedies. This is no time to experiment upon the human body politic or financial.
Banks and the banking System
The effective functioning of our economic machinery depends in no little measure top top the aid rendered to trade and industry by our bank system. There is need of modification the banking legislations so as to place our banking framework on a sounder basis usually for all concerned, and also for the much better protection of the depositing public there should be more stringent supervision and wider powers forgive in the supervising authorities. We advocate such a revision.
One the the serious problems affecting our banking device has developed from the exercise of organizing separate enterprise by the exact same interests together banks, but participating in operations i beg your pardon the banks themselves room not allowed legally to undertake. Us favor request reports of and also subjecting to thorough and periodic examination all such affiliates that member banks until sufficient information has been gained on the basis of i beg your pardon this problem may definitely be resolved in a long-term manner.
We donate the authorized by the United states in an global conference to think about matters relating to monetary questions, consisting of the place of silver, exchange problems, and commodity prices, and possible co-operative action concerning them.
Home Loan Discount financial institution System
The current Republican management has initiated law for the production of a system of commonwealth supervised residence loan discount banks, design to offer the home owners the all components of the country and to encourage house ownership by making possible long hatchet credits for houses on more stable and much more favorable terms.
There has emerged in the last couple of years a disturbing trend away from home ownership. We think that everything should be done by government agencies, national State and local, to reverse this tendency; to assist home owner by encouraging better methods of house financing; and to relax the current inequitable tax burden top top the home. In the field of national regulation we pledge that the measures developing a house loan discount system will be pressed in Congress until adopted.
Farm distress in America has its root in the substantial expansion of farming production during the war, the deflation the 1919, 1920 and the dislocation of markets after the war. There followed, under Republican Administrations, a lengthy record of legislation in help of the co-operative organization of farmers and also in offering farm credit. The place of farming was progressively improved. In 1928 the Republican Party pledged additional measures in assist of agriculture, principally tariff defense for agricultural products and also the production of a commonwealth Farm plank "clothed through the crucial power to promote the establishment of a farm yard marketing mechanism of farmer-owned and also controlled stabilization corporations."
Almost the an initial official act of president Hoover was the phone call of a unique session of congress to redeem this party pledges. They have been redeemed.
The 1930 tariff act raised the prices on agricultural products by 30 per cent, ~ above industrial assets only 12 every cent. That act equalized, so much as legislation deserve to do so, the protection afforded the farmer v the defense afforded industry, and also prevented a large flood of cheap wool, grain, livestock, dairy and also other products from beginning the American market.
By the agricultural Marketing Act, the federal Farm board was created and armed with large powers and ample funds. The object of the act, as proclaimed in that preamble, was:
"To promote the effective merchandising of farming commodities in interstate and foreign business so the * * * agriculture will be placed on the basis of financial equality through other markets * * * by encouraging the organization of producer into reliable association for their own control * * * and by fostering the facility of a farm yard marketing mechanism of producer-owned and also producer-controlled co-operative associations ."
The commonwealth Farm Board, created by the agricultural marketing act, has been compelled to conduct its operations during a period in which every commodity prices, industrial and also agricultural, have fallen to terrible levels. A duration of to decrease demand and of national calamities such as drought and also flood has intensified the difficulty of agriculture.
Nevertheless, after only a little an ext than 2 years" efforts, the commonwealth Farm Board has many accomplishments of merit come its credit. It has actually increased the membership of the co-operative farms marketing associations to coordinate initiatives of the local associations. By cooperation with other Federal agencies, it has made accessible to farm yard marketing associations a large value the credit, which, in the emergency, would certainly not have otherwise been available. Larger quantities of farm assets have been tackled co-operatively than ever prior to in the background of the co-operative movement. Grain crops have been offered by the farmer through his association directly upon the world market.
Due to the 1930 tariff act and the agricultural marketing act, it deserve to truthfully be proclaimed that the prices got by the American farmer for his wheat, corn, rye, barley, oats, flaxseed, cattle, butter and also many various other products, cruelly low though they are, are higher than the prices received by the farmers of any type of competing nation for the exact same products.
The Republican Party has additionally aided the American farmer by relief of the sufferers in the drought-stricken areas, through loans because that rehabilitation and through road structure to administer employment, by the development of the inland waterway system, by the perishable product act, by the strengthening of the extension system, and also by the appropriation of $125,000,000 come recapitalize the federal land financial institutions and permit them to prolong time to worthy borrowers.
The Republican Party pledges chin to the rule of aid to co-operative marketing associations, owned and controlled by the farmers themselves, through the provisions the the agricultural marketing act, which will certainly be timeless amended or modified as experience reflects to be necessary to achieve the objects collection forth in the preamble of the act.
Tariff and the Marketing Act
The party pledges itself to make such revision of tariff schedules together economic transforms require to preserve the same of security to farming with various other industry.
The American farmer is licensed has been granted not only to tariff schedules on his products yet to security from substitutes therefor.
We will certainly support any kind of plan i beg your pardon will help to balance production versus demand, and thereby raise farming prices, detailed it is economically sound and administratively workable without burdensome bureaucracy.
The load of taxation borne by the owners of farm land constitutes one of the significant problems the agriculture.
President Hoover has aptly and truly said, "Taxes ~ above real property are most basic to enforce and also are the the very least flexible of every taxes. The propensity under press of need is to proceed these taxes unmodified in time of depression, despite the to decrease in the owner"s income. To decrease price and also decreasing income results in raising burden upon property owners * * * i m sorry is now becoming virtually unbearable. The taxes burden upon actual estate is wholly the end of relationship to the upon other forms of property and also income. Over there is no farm yard relief much more needed this day than tax relief."
The time has actually come for a reconsideration of our tax systems, federal State and local, v a see to emerging a far better coordination, reduce duplication and relieving unjust burdens. The Republican Party pledges itself to this end.
More 보다 all else, we point to the reality that, in the management of executive departments, and also in every arrangement of the President for the coordination of nationwide effort and for strengthening our gaue won structure, for broadening credit, because that rebuilding the rural credit transaction system and also laying the foundations for much better prices, the President has actually insisted upon the interest of the American farmer.
The an essential problem that American agriculture is the regulate of production to such volume as will certainly balance supply through demand. In the systems of this trouble the co-operative organization of farmers to arrangement production, and the tariff, to hold the residence market because that American farmers, are vital elements. A 3rd element equally as critical is the regulate of the acreage of land under cultivation, as an help to the initiatives of the farmer come balance production.
We favor a national policy the land use which looks to nationwide needs, such together the administration has currently begun to formulate. Such a policy must foster reorganization the taxing units in locations beset by taxation delinquency and divert lands that room submarginal for chop production to other uses. The nationwide welfare plainly have the right to be offered by the salvation of submarginal lands for watershed protection, grazing, forestry, windy parks and game preserves. Us favor together acquisition.
The Republican Party has always been the staunch supporter of the American device of a security tariff. The believes the the house market, gathered under the policy, the greatest and richest industry in the world, belongs very first to American agriculture, industry and labor. No pretext deserve to justify the surrender of that industry to such competition as would destroy our farms, mines and factories, and lower the traditional of life which we have created for our workers.
Because numerous foreign countries have freshly abandoned the gold standard, together a an outcome of which the expenses of many products produced in such nations have, at least for the moment being, collapse materially in terms of American currency, enough tariff security is today an especially essential to the welfare of the American people.
The Tariff Commission have to promptly inspection individual commodities so impacted by money depreciation and also report come the President any kind of increase in duties discovered necessary come equalize residential with foreign expenses of production.
To deal with the duties ~ above some hundreds of commodities, topic to highly facility conditions, is necessarily a daunting technical task. The is inevitable that some of the rates established by law should, also at the time of your enactment, come be also low or also high. Moreover, a subsequent change in prices or other conditions may render obsolete a price that was before appropriate. The Republican Party has, therefore, long supported the policy of a flexible tariff, offering power to the President, after investigation by one impartial commission and also in accordance v prescribed principles, to change the rates called by the Congress.
We commend the President"s veto of the measure, sponsored by autonomous Congressmen, which would have transferred from the president to congress the government to put into result the findings of the Tariff Commission. Approval of the measure would have returned tariff making come politics and also destroyed the progress made throughout ten years of initiative to background it the end of log-rolling methods. We pledge the Republican Party to a policy which will retain the profit made and enlarge the existing scope of better progress.
We donate the extension of the general Republican principle of tariff protection to ours natural source industries, including the commodities of our farms, forests, mines and oil wells, v compensatory duties on the manufactured and also refined commodities thereof.
Our nation is honored whenever it bestows relief top top those who have actually faithfully served its flag. The Republican Party, appreciative of this solemn obligation and also honor, has actually made the sentiments apparent in Congress.
Increased hospital facilities have actually been provided, payment in compensation have an ext than doubled and in the matter of rehabilitations, pensions and insurance, generosity provision has been made.
The management of laws dealing with the relief the the veterans and also their dependents has actually been a difficult task, however every initiative has been made come carry company to the veterans and bring about not only a far better and generous interpretation of the law yet a sympathetic consideration of the many problems the the veteran.
We believe that every veteran incapacitated in any type of degree by reason of condition should be cared for and compensated, so much as compensation is possible, by a grateful nation, and that the dependents that those who lost their lives in battle or whose death because the battle in which organization was calculation is traceable to service causes, have to be noted for adequately. Legislation should it is in in accord with this principle.
Disability from reasons subsequent and not attributable come war and also the support of dependents of deceased veterans whose fatality is unconnected through war have been to some measure welcomed obligations that the nation as a component of the blame due.
A mindful study have to be make of present veterans" regulation with a watch to remove of inequalities and injustices and effecting all feasible economies, yet without departing from our objective to administer on a sound basis full and also adequate relief because that our company disabled men, your widows and also orphans.
Our relations with foreign nations have actually been brought on by president Hoover through consistency and also firmness, however with mutual understanding and also peace with all nations. The world has to be overwhelmed with financial strain which has actually provoked too much nationalism in every quarter, has actually overturned numerous governments, stirred the springs that suspicion and also distrust and also tried the spirit of global cooperation, yet we have actually held come our very own course steadily and also successfully.
The party will continue to keep its attitude of protecting our national interests and policies where threatened yet at the same time promoting usual understanding of the differing needs and aspirations of other nations and also going front in harmony with other peoples without partnerships or international partnerships.
The facilitation of human being intercourse, the releasing of commerce from unnecessary impediments, the settlement of international difficulties by conciliation and also the approaches of law and the remove of war as a will of national policy have actually been and will be our party program.
Friendship and also Commerce
We think in and also look forward to the secure enlargement the the principles of equality that treatment in between nations great and small, the concessions the sovereignty and also self-administration come every country which is qualified of moving on stable government and conducting sound orderly relationships with various other peoples, and the cultivation of trade and also intercourse top top the communication of power of chance of all nations.
In pursuance of these principles, which have actually steadily acquired favor in the world, the administration has request no unique favors in commerce, has actually protested discriminations whenever lock arose, and has stability cemented this procedure by mutual treaties guaranteeing equality for trade and also residence.
The historic American plan known as the most-favored-nation principle has been our guiding program, and we believe that plan to be the only one regular with a full development of international trade, the only one suitable for a country having as vast and varied a commerce as America, and the one most suitable for us in view of the good variety of our industrial, farming and mineral products and also the legacies of ours people.
Any other arrangement involves bargains and also partnerships with foreign nations, and as a long-term policy is unsuited to America"s position.
Conditions on the Pacific
Events in the far East, involving the employment of arms on a huge scale in a controversy in between Japan and also China, have actually caused global concern in the past year and also sorely tried the bulwarks put up to insure peace and pacific way for the settlement of international disputes.
The dispute has not only threatened the protection of the nations bordering the Pacific however has challenged the maintain of the policy of the open door in China and the administrative and also political integrity of the people, programs which top top American initiation to be adopted an ext than a generation back and secured by worldwide treaty.
The President and also his Secretary the State have maintained throughout the conflict a just balance between Japan and China, taking always a firm place to stop entanglements in the dispute, yet consistently upholding the created international policies and the treaty rights and interests of the united States, and also never condoning advances that endangered the obligation of treatises or the tranquility of the world.
Throughout the controversy our federal government has plot in harmony with the governments represented in the organization of Nations, constantly making the clear the American plan would be determined at home, but always lending a hand in the common interest that peace and order.
In the applications of the ethics of the Kellogg pact the American federal government has taken the lead, adhering to the principle that a breach that the pact or a threat of infringement thereof to be a matter of international worry wherever and however carried about.
As a further step the Secretary that State, ~ above the instruction of the President, embraced the principle later on enlarged top top in his letter come the chairman the the Committee on foreign Relations that the Senate the this government would no recognize any type of situation, contract or covenant brought around between Japan and China through force and also in defiance the the covenants of the Kellogg pact.
This principle, connected as it is through the name of president Hoover, was later adopted by the Assembly of the organization of countries at Geneva as a rule for the command of every those governments. The principle remains today as vital contribution to international law and a significant moral and material barrier to avoid a country obtaining the fruits of wild warfare. It therefore opens a brand-new pathway to peace and also order.
We favor enactment by conference of a measure up that will authorize our federal government to call or participate in an international conference in situation of any threat that non-fulfillment of write-up 2 that the contract of Paris (Kellogg-Briand pact).
The policy of the administration has proved to our neighbors of Latin-America that we have actually no imperialistic ambitions, however that we wish only to encourage the welfare and also common attention of the independent nations in the western hemisphere.
We have aided Nicaragua in the equipment of the troubles and our country, in greatly decreased numbers, at the inquiry of the Nicaraguan government only come supervise the comes election. After that they will all be returned to the united States.
In Haiti, in accord through the recommendations of the Forbes commission, appointed by the President, the assorted services that supervision room being swiftly withdrawn, and also only those will certainly be retained which space mandatory under the treaties.
Throughout Latin America the policy of the government of the united States has been and will, under Republican leadership, proceed to be among frank and friendly understanding.
The accept by America of membership in the civilization Court has been authorized by three successive Republican Presidents and also we commend this attitude of sustaining in this kind the negotiation of international problems by the preeminence of law. America should join its influence and gain a voice in this institution, which would offer us a safer, an ext judicial and also expeditious instrument for the continuous recurring questions between us and other nations than is now accessible by arbitration.
Reduction that Armament
Conscious the the limitation of armament will add to security versus war, and that the jae won burdens of military preparation have been shamefully raised throughout the world, the administration under president Hoover has actually made steady efforts and marked progress in the direction of proportional palliation of eight by agreement with various other nations.
Upon his initiative a treaty in between the chief naval powers at London in 1930, complying with the path significant by the Washington Conference of 1922, developed a limitation of all types of fighting ships on a proportionate communication as in between the three an excellent naval powers. Because that the first time, a general limitation the a many costly branch the armament was efficiently accomplished.
In the Geneva disarmament conference, currently in progress, America is an active participant and also a representative delegation of ours citizens is laboring for development in a cause to which this nation has to be an earnest contributor. This policy will it is in pursued.
Meanwhile maintenance of our marine on the basis of parity through any country is a basic policy come which the Republican Party is committed. If in the interest of crucial government retrenchment, humanity and relief that the taxpayer we shall continue to exert our complete influence ~ above the nations of the human being in the cause of reduction of arms, we perform not propose to reduce our navy defenses listed below that of any other nation.
Armaments are relative and, therefore, flexible and also subject to changes as need demands. We think that over time of war every material resource in the country should be affected by each other its proportionate re-superstructure of the burdens occasioned by the general public need and also that that is a duty of federal government to perfect plans gradually of peace whereby this objective may be attained in war.
We support the vital principles the the nationwide Defense Act as amended in 1920 and by the air Corps act of 1926, and believe that the military of the United says has, through succeeding reductions completed in the last twelve years, got to an irreducible minimum consistent with the self-reliance, self-respect and also security that this country.
Wages and also Work
We believe in the principle of high wages. We favor the rule of the much shorter working mainly and shorter work day through its applications to government as well as to exclusive employment, together rapidly and also as constructively as conditions will warrant.
We favor regulation designed come stimulate, encourage and also assist in home building.
The restriction of immigration is a Republican policy. Our party formulated and also enacted right into law the quota system, which because that the very first time has actually made possible an adequate control of international immigration.
Rigid check of applicants in foreign countries prevented the coming of criminals and also other undesirable classes, while other provisions the the regulation have allowed the chairman to suspend immigration of international wage-earners that otherwise, straight or indirectly, would have actually increased unemployment amongst native-born and also legally resides foreign-born wage-earners in this country. As a result, immigration is now less than at any kind of time during the past one hundreds years.
We favor the continuance and strict enforcement the our current laws top top this subject.
Department of Labor
We commend the constructive work of the United states Department of Labor.
Collective bargaining by responsible to represent of employers and employees that their very own choice, there is no the interference of any kind of one, is recognized and also approved.
Legislation, such as laws, prohibiting alien contract labor, peonage labor and the shanghaiing of sailors; the eight-hour regulation on government contracts and in government employment; provision because that railroad security devices, of approaches of conciliation, mediation and arbitration in industrial labor disputes, consisting of the convey of rail disputes; the providing of compensation for injury to government employees (the forerunner of federal workers" compensation acts), and other regulations to assist and protect labor are of Republican origin, and also have had and will proceed to have the unswerving assistance of the party.
We commend the constructive job-related of the United says Employment company in the room of Labor. This organization was enlarged and also its tasks extended through an appropriation made possible by the President v the cooperation of the Congress. It has actually done high service for the unemployed in the ranking of polite life and in the ranks of the former soldiers that the civilization War.
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of speech, press and assemblages are basic principles ~ above which our type of federal government rests. These vital principles must be preserved and also protected.
Supervision, regulation and also control of federal government public utilities in the attention of the general public is an developed policy the the Republican Party, to the credit transaction of i beg your pardon stands the creation of the Interstate commerce Commission, through its authority to assure reasonable transportation rates, sound railway finance and also adequate service.
As proof of the development made by the Republican Party in government control of publicly utilities, we cite the reorganization under this administration of the Federal strength Commission, v authority to administer the commonwealth water power act. Us urge legislation to authorize this commission to regulate the charges because that electric current whentransfer throughout State lines.
The promotion of agriculture, commerce and industry calls for coordination of transportation by rail, highway, air and water. All have to be subjected to appropriate and constructive regulation.
The publicly will, of course, select the kind of transportation ideal fitted come its particular service, but the regards to competition fixed by windy authority must operate there is no discrimination, so the all common carriers through rail, highway, air and water shall operate under problems of equality.
The Republican Party recognizes the low cost transportation for bulk commodities will enable industry to develop in the midst of agriculture in the Mississippi Valley, thereby producing a home market because that farm products in that section. With a check out to aiding farming in the center west the present management has moved forward as rapidly as feasible the advancement of the Mississippi waterway system, and also we favor the continued vigorous prosecution of these works to the end that farming and sector in that great area may enjoy the services of these enhancements at the earliest feasible date.
The railroads constitute the backbone that our transportation system and perform an essential service for the country. The railroad industry is our biggest employer the labor and also the greatest customer of goods. The restoration of your credit and also the maintenance of their capability to render adequate business are of paramount prominence to the public, come their countless thousands that employees and also to to save banks, insurance money companies and also other comparable institutions, to which the save of the human being have been entrusted.
We should continue to encourage the further advance of the seller marine under American registry and also ownership.
Under the present management the American merchant fleet has actually been enlarged and also strengthened till it currently occupies second place among the seller marines that the world.
By the gradual retirement the the federal government from the ar of ship operations and marked economics in costs, the United claims Shipping plank will need no appropriation for the budget year 1933 for ship operations.
St. Lawrence Seaway
The Republican Party stands cursed to the advancement of the an excellent Lakes-St. Lawrence seaway. Under the direction of president Hoover negotiation of a treaty through Canada for this advance is currently at a favorable point. Recognizing the inestimable services which will certainly accrue come the nation from placing the harbor of the great Lakes on an ocean base, the party reaffirms allegiance come this great project and also pledges its ideal efforts come secure its at an early stage completion.
The Federal plan to cooperate v the claims in the structure of roadways was thoroughly established when the commonwealth highway action of 1921 was embraced under a Republican Congress. Each year since that time appropriations have actually been made which have greatly increased the financial value the highway transportation and helped come raise the standards and also opportunities of rural life.
We pledge our assistance to the continuation of this plan in accordance through our needs and also resources.
We donate the it spreads widely of strictly penal regulations that will assist the states in stamping the end the activities of gangsters, racketeers and also kidnappers. Us commend the intensive and effective drive made upon these public adversaries by chairman Hoover and also pledge ours party come further initiatives to the exact same purpose.
The Republican Party pledges chin to continue the current relentless warfare versus the illicit narcotic traffic and also the spread of the curse of drug addiction among our people. This administration has by treaty significantly strengthened our strength to resolve this traffic.
The merit system has been amply justified since the company of the Civil business by the Republican Party. As a part of our governmental device it is now unassailable. We believe it must remain so.
The Eighteenth Amendment
The Republican Party has always stood and also stands now for obedience to and enforcement that the law as the very foundation of orderly government and also civilization. There can be no national security otherwise. The duty that the president of the united States and also the officers of the legislation is dear. The regulation must be implemented as they uncover it spread by the people. Come these process of action we pledge our nominees.
The Republican Party is and always has been the party of the Constitution. Nullification through non-observance by people or State activity threatens the stability of government.
While the Constitution equipments sought a high degree of permanence, castle foresaw the need of alters and detailed for them. Write-up V borders the suggest of amendments to 2 methods: (1) Two-thirds the both residences of Congress may propose amendments or (2) on application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the states a national convention candlestick be referred to as by conference to propose amendments. Thereafter ratification should be had in one of two ways: (1) by the Legislatures that three-fourths of the several states or (2) through conventions held in three-fourths the the several States. Congress is given power to determine the mode of ratification.
Referendums there is no constitutional sanction cannot furnish a decisive answer. Those that propose lock innocently are deluded through false hopes; those who propose castle knowingly are deceiving the people.
A country wide controversy over the Eighteenth Amendment now distracts attention from the constructive equipment of plenty of pressing nationwide problems. The principle of national prohibition as embodied in the amendment was supported and opposed by members the both good political parties. It to be submitted to the claims by members of congress of different political faith and ratified by State Legislatures of different political majorities. The was not then and also is not currently a partisan political question.
Members that the Republican Party hold different opinions through respect to it and no public official or member that the party need to be pledged or forced to choose between his party affiliations and also his moral convictions ~ above this question.
We do not donate a submission restricted to the issue of retention or repeal, for the American country never in its background has unable to do backward, and also in this situation the progression which has been thus much made need to be preserved, when the evils must be eliminated.
We as such believe the the people should have actually an opportunity to pass upon a proposed modification the delivery of which, while retaining in the Federal federal government power to preserve the gains currently made in taking care of the evils innate in the liquor traffic, shall allow the says to deal with the difficulty as their citizens may determine, however subject always to the power of the Federal federal government to safeguard those says where prohibition may exist and safeguard our citizens anywhere from the return that the saloon and also attendant abuses.
Such an amendment must be promptly it is registered to the states by Congress, to it is in acted top top by State conventions called for the sole purpose in accordance through the provisions of short article V the the Constitution and adequately safeguarded so as to be truly representative.
The wise use of all natural resources freed from monopolistic manage is a Republican policy, initiated by Theodore Roosevelt. The Roosevelt, Coolidge and Hoover reclamation projects bear witness to the continuation of that policy. Forestry and all other conservation tasks have to be supported and also enlarged.
The preservation of oil is a major problem to the industry and the nation. The management has search to bring coordination of initiative through the States, the producers and also the federal Government. Progress has been made and also the effort will continue.
For seventy years the Republican Party has actually been the friend of the American Negro. Vindication the the rights of the negro citizen to enjoy the complete benefits the life, liberty and also the quest of joy is classic in the Republican Party, and our party stand pledged to preserve equal opportunity and also rights for negro citizens. We do not suggest to depart native that tradition nor to alter the spirit or letter of that pledge.
We think that the existing standing of self-government i m sorry for plenty of years has actually been delighted in by the citizens of the territory of Hawaii have to be maintained, and that public representative appointed to carry out the federal government should it is in bona-fide citizens of the Territory.
Puerto Rico being a part of the unified States and its citizens American citizens, we believe that they room entitled to a good-faith recognition of the spirit and purposes of your organic act.
We, therefore, donate the consist of of the island in all legislative and also administrative steps enacted or embraced by conference or otherwise for the economic advantage of their fellow-citizens of the mainland.
We additionally believe that, in so far as possible, every officials appointed to provide the to work of the island government should be qualified by at least five years that bona-fide residence therein.
We favor the policy of giving to the world of Alaska the widest possible territorial self-government and the choice so much as possible of bona-fide citizens for positions in that Territory and the placing of its citizens on an equality v those in the several States.
Welfare Work and Children
The kids of ours nation, our future citizens, have had the many solicitous assumed of our President. Son welfare and protection has been a significant effort that this administration. The company of the White home Conference on boy Health and also Protection is related to as among the outstanding accomplishments of this administration.
Welfare occupational in all its phases has had the support of the president and aid of the administration. The job-related of arranged agencies—local, State and also Federal has actually been progressed and an enhanced impetus offered by the recognition and help. Us approve and pledge a continuation of that policy.
We donate the fullest defense of the building rights the the American Indians and the provision because that them of enough educational facilities.
Reorganization of federal government Bureaus
Efficiency and also economy demand reorganization of federal government bureaus. The difficulty is nonpartisan and also must it is in so treated if the is to it is in solved. Together a an outcome of year of study and personal contact through conflicting tasks and wasteful duplication the effort, the chairman is particularly fitted to straight measures to exactly the situation. Us favor legislation by congress which will provide him the forced authority.
The vagaries that the present Democratic residence of Representatives offer characteristic and appalling proof of the present incapacity of that party for leadership in a nationwide crisis. Individualism running amuck has actually displaced party discipline and also has trampled under foot party leadership. A bewildered electorate has actually viewed the spectacle with extensive dismay and also deep misgivings.
Goaded come desperation by their confessed failure, the party leaders have actually resorted come "pork barrel" regulation to obtain a unified of action which might not otherwise it is in achieved. A Republican president stands resolutely between the helpless citizen and also the disaster intimidated by such measures; and also the people, regardless of party, will demand his continued service.
Many times during his beneficial life has actually Herbert Hoover responded to together a call, and his an answer has never disappointed. He will not disappoint us now.
The delays and differences which freshly hampered efforts to attain legislation imperatively request by prevailing critical conditions strikingly highlight the menace come self-government brought about by the weakening of party ties and party fealty.
Experience has demonstrated that systematic political parties room indispensable agencies for the prompt and also effective operation of the attributes of our federal government under the Constitution.
Only by joined party action can consistent, well-planned and wholesome legislative programs be enacted. We think that the majority of the Congressmen elected in the name of a party have the right and duty to identify the basic policies of the party requiring congressional action, and that Congressmen belong to that party are, in general, bound come adhere to together policies. Any other food inevitably renders of conference a body of detached delegates which, rather of representing the cumulative wisdom of ours people, come to be the puzzled voices the a heterogeneous group of unrelated regional prejudices.
We believe that the time has actually come once Senators and Representatives of the joined States have to be impressed through the inflexible fact that their an initial concern must be the welfare the the unified States and also the health of every one of its people, and that stubborn pride of separation, personal, instance opinion is not a virtue, however an obstacle to the orderly and also successful achievement of the objects the representative government.
Only by collaboration can self-government succeed. Without it choice under a party aegis becomes a false pretense.
We serious request that Republicans transparent the Union need that their representatives in the conference pledge us to these principles, come the finish that the insidious impacts of party fragmentation may not undermine the very foundations of the Republic.
In contrast with the Republican policies and also record, we contrast those that the democratic as confirmed by the activity of the house of to represent under democratic leadership and control, which includes:
1. The issuance that fiat currency.
2. Instructions come the federal Reserve Board and also the Secretary of the Treasury to attempt to manipulate commodity prices.
3. The insurance of financial institution deposits.
4. The squandering of the public resources and also the unbalancing of the spending plan through pork-barrel appropriations which bear little relation to distress and would have tendency through delayed company revival to decrease fairly than boost employment.
Generally on financial matters we pledge the Republican Party:
1. To maintain unimpaired the nationwide credit.
2. Come defend and also preserve a sound currency and an honest dollar.
3. To was standing steadfastly by the rule of a balanced budget.
4. To devote ourselves fearlessly and unremittingly to the job of removed abuses and extravagance and also of substantially cutting the expense of federal government so regarding reduce the heavy burden the taxation.
5. To usage all available method consistent through sound financial and economic principles to promote an development of credit to stimulate business and relieve unemployment.
6. To make a thorough research of the conditions which permitted the credit and the credit transaction machinery that the nation to it is in made available, v out sufficient check, because that wholesale speculation in securities, leading to ruinous aftermath to countless our citizens and also to the nationwide economy, and also to correct those conditions so the they shall no recur.
Recognizing that actual relief to unemployment should come v a rebirth of industrial activity and agriculture, come the promotion of which our every effort must be directed, our party in State and nation undertakes to do all in its power that is humanly possible to watch that distress is totally relieved in accordance with American principles and traditions.
No successful solution that the problems before the nation today have the right to be expected from a Congress and a chairman separated through partisan lines or protest in purposes and also principles. Obligation cannot be put unless a clear mandate is given by returning to Washington a Congress and a chef Executive unified in principles and also program.
The return to power the the Republican Party with that mandate is the duty that every voter who believes in the doctrines that the party and its regimen as herein stated. Nothing else, us believe, will certainly insure the orderly recovery of the country and also that return to thriving days which every American so ardently desires.
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The Republican Party deals with the future unafraid! v courage and confidence in can be fried success, we will strive versus the pressures that strike at our social and economic ideals, our politics institutions.