You are watching: How did the geography of rome affect its expansion
One that the biggest factors leading come Rome’s advance is the form of the Tiber River, which flows v the facility of the city. The river provides a horseshoe-shaped bend, whereby there is a little island. Around 900 B.C., prior to the roman Kingdom, this component of the Tiber was one of very couple of places where travelers, traders and also herders the livestock might ford the river. It made that area that Rome very early meeting point for Latin and Sabine tribes and the Etruscans, that ruled over lot of the Italian peninsula before Rome to be built.
The old city was made of 7 hills on which various regional tribes settled during the reign of the Etruscans prior to 700 B.C. The hills provided steady ground because that residence as well as a details degree of defense from invasion from below. Palatine Hill, surrounded by the various other six hills, is located just to the eastern of the island in ~ the river ford, and traditionally is claimed to be house to the very first Romans. The city and culture began through the integration of various peoples living atop each of the hills when they started building irreversible residences and also common public spaces about 500 B.C.
Despite its practicality as a meeting ar and point of transit, at an early stage Rome also needed local agriculture to sustain its cultivation population. Farming techniques such as irrigation and the draining that swampland made much of the land around Rome an ideal for farming. Livestock could survive the winter in the fairly mild lowlands, while cooling off in the mountains during the warmer months. Local agriculture alone to be not enough to sustain the great city Rome would certainly become. In the time it took to flourish from small city-state to capital of one empire, Rome depended on importing essential goods native its dominated provinces, which at some point stretched indigenous Asia come the brother Isles.
According to ancient legend, Rome to be founded and also built by Romulus after being abandoned through his brothers Remus ~ above the banks of the Tiber River. There, after ~ the two brothers were raised and nursed to wellness by a motherly wolf, Romulus eliminated Remus and built the city in his very own name. In spite of the mythology, the story the Romulus and also Remus reflects two pillars of roman inn growth: political and imperial dominance, reflected by the killing of Remus, and the organic blessings that the an ar itself, stood for by the mommy wolf who elevated the 2 young brothers.
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Stephen Skok is one adjunct faculty member in ~ DePaul university in Chicago, where he teaches process in rhetoric and also research writing. As a scholar, he specializes in the examine of rhetoric and political communication. ~ above entering the faculty offices during his an initial teaching assignment, that was on regular basis asked i beg your pardon professor he was there come see.