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Welcome to my web site, now under breakthrough for much more than twenty years. -- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021 Dr. Weller, an east Washington college professor that English and Shakespearean scholar for much more than 50 years.


"Fair is foul, and foul is fair: / float through the fog and filthy air" (1.1.11-12), singing the weird Sisters together they go to wait for the fight to more than so they can provide their seductive prophesies come Macbeth. "So from the spring whence comfort seem"d to come / discomfort swells" (1.2.27-28), claims the sergeant that is informing of Macbeth"s battle against the rebels. He method that simply when the resulting spring makes us think that the weather is walk to it is in fair and also give us "comfort," foul weather can carry extreme "discomfort." The sergeant then goes on come tell how this same kind that thing occurred in battle. Simply as Macbeth had beat one enemy, a brand-new one attacked. "So foul and also fair a work I have not seen" (1.3.38). These room Macbeth"s first words in the step in which the witches supply their prophecies come him. just after he has been called Thane the Cawdor, Macbeth is wonder if he can think the rest of the witches" prophecies, and Banquo remarks, "oftentimes, to win us to our harm, / The tools of darkness tell us truths, / Win us with honest trifles, to betray"s / In deepest consequence" (1.3.123-126). Banquo is warning Macbeth the the witches could lure the to great evil by telling little truths. Macbeth one of two people does not hear Banquo, or doesn"t desire to listen him, because he ignores Banquo"s warning. Instead, he tells himself that "This supernatural soliciting / can not be ill, cannot be good" (1.3.130-131). The course, Banquo has actually just stated that it is ill, even though that may show up good. After receiving a report on the execution the the Thane the Cawdor, King Duncan says "There"s no arts / To uncover the mind"s building and construction in the face" (1.4.11-12). He"s commenting top top the reality that he reliable the Thane of Cawdor absolutely, and had no idea that would end up being a foul rebel. Lady Macbeth urges Macbeth to "look favor the innocent flower, / but be the serpent under"t" (1.5.65-66). This is just prior to King Duncan"s come at your castle. Macbeth"s wife wants him to look fair, the better to hide his foul intentions. "Away, and also mock the moment with fairest show: / False face must hide what the false love doth know" (1.7.81-82). V these words come his wife, Macbeth end the step in i m sorry he has actually serious 2nd thoughts around the setup to murder King Duncan. He method that they must go come a feast and also pretend to it is in the King"s love subjects, also though they setup to kill him the night. In the scene in i beg your pardon the bloody corpse the King Duncan is discovered, Malcolm and Donalbain, the King"s sons, are afraid that they"ll be the following victims the murder. "Where us are, / There"s daggers in men"s smiles" (2.3.139-140), claims Donalbain. Simply afterwards, lock flee Macbeth"s castle. In his an initial appearance as King the Scotland, Macbeth"s first words space addressed come Banquo: "Here"s our chief guest" (3.1.12). Both Macbeth and also Lady Macbeth treat Banquo with intricate courtesy, but later in the scene Macbeth arranges the murder of Banquo. After he i do not care king, Macbeth suffers native sleeplessness and also bad dreams. Also, the is afraid that Banquo"s children will be kings of Scotland, as the witches prophesied. Reportedly all these stresses show plainly in his face, since his mam pleads with him to be a better hypocrite: "Gentle mine lord, sleek o"er her rugged looks; / be bright and jovial among your guests to-night" (3.2.27-28). However, Macbeth resents the need of placing a fair confront on his foul thoughts. He"s currently arranged for the killing of Banquo, but he speak his wife that she requirements to it is in a great hypocrite, too, specifically in prior of Banquo: Let your remembrance use to Banquo;Present him eminence, both v eye and tongue:Unsafe the while, that weMust lave ours honours in these flattering streams,And make our deals with vizards come our hearts. (3.2.30-34)The vital phrase in this i is "unsafe the while." It"s Macbeth and Lady Macbeth who room unsafe, due to the fact that Banquo can suspect that they killed King Duncan, and additionally because the the witches" prophecy. They space King and Queen, yet they need to make nice to Banquo, together though that is far better than castle are. After he i do not care king, Macbeth place on a banquet because that the noble of Scotland, and also plays the genial host. Throughout the banquet he renders a big point of showing his regard because that Banquo, saying such things as "I drink to the general joy o" the entirety table, / and to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss" (3.4.89). Macbeth"s guest don"t recognize that he has just had actually Banquo murdered, yet the bloody Ghost that Banquo shows up to present Macbeth (and us) the foul reality behind the same appearance. In the step after the step in i m sorry Macbeth states that he will certainly visit the witches again, Hecate comes from the underworld to tell the witches she is upset at them. She wants to know how they dare to mess approximately with Macbeth without consisting of her. After ~ all, isn"t she the one who have the right to "show the glory of our art?" (3.5.9). Hecate, choose the witches, thinks the doing poor is good, and also she thinks she is the best at law the worst.A tiny later, Hecate speak the witches that she will certainly prepare illusions that will certainly make Macbeth "spurn fate, scorn death, and also bear / His wishes "bove wisdom, grace and fear" (3.5.30-31), because, as they know, "security / Is mortals" chiefest enemy" (3.5.32-33). "Security" is a sense of safety. In short, the idea that we space bulletproof will kill us. Sometime after the banquet at which the Ghost the Banquo showed up to Macbeth, Lennox comes to understand the foul reality behind Macbeth"s hypocrisy. The says, "The gracious Duncan / was pitied the Macbeth: marry, he was dead" (3.6.4). This bitter joke explains both Macbeth"s facade -- that he was sorry because that King Duncan -- and also the truth about Macbeth, i beg your pardon was the he to be sorry because that King Duncan only after he eliminated him. Climate Lennox proceeds to ridicule Macbeth"s version of every little thing that has actually happened to this point. Macduff appeals to Malcolm for his assistance in a war versus Macbeth, yet Malcolm is really cautious, due to the fact that for every Malcolm knows, Macduff could be a twin agent. After ~ Malcolm expresses his suspicions, that half-apologizes and says, "Angels room bright still, despite the brightest fell; / despite all things foul would wear the brows the grace, / however grace need to still look at so" (4.3.22-24). The "brightest" angel was Lucifer, who fell and also became Satan. Malcolm means that return a same appearance may hide a foul heart, and also one that looks like an angel may be a devil, that does not mean that every point of view is a devil. Return the foul desire to look at fair, the fair still look fair, and also it"s not fair come the fair to suspect the same of gift foul.In order to further test Macduff"s honor, Malcolm speak him the he (Malcolm) would certainly be an even much more wicked king than Macbeth is. Once Macduff is about to depart in disgust, Malcolm reverses himself and also tells Macduff that he, too, is an honorable man, and also that the is prepared to struggle Macbeth. In ~ this, Macduff falls strangely silent. As soon as Malcolm asks why the is silent, Macduff says, "Such welcome and also unwelcome points at once / "Tis tough to reconcile" (4.3.138-139). In this instance, what seemed foul -- Malcolm -- is suddenly revealed to be fair. As the time of Macbeth"s last fight approaches, he shows that his life is no worth living, due to the fact that that which provides old period good, "As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends, / I have to not look come have; but, in your stead, / Curses, no loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath, / i m sorry the negative heart would certainly fain deny, and dare not" (5.3.25-28).

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Hence hypocrisy, which Macbeth provided to his advantage, tortures him, currently that that is ~ above the receiving end.