It’s one of the an initial questions you more than likely asked as a kid finding out to hunt, and also it’s one the many civilization get tripped increase on throughout their first-time turkey hunting. What precisely is the difference between a jake and also a tom? First, girlfriend probably established how come tell a hen indigenous a tom by finding out the physics differences between males and females. However when does a jake end up being a gobbler and how can you phone call the distinction in the field when it counts? together the Can’t stop the Flop project really ramps up end the comes weeks, this is an important question come ask. But ask ten people and you’ll probably get ten various answers. Here are some great pointers to go off of as you head come the fields and also woods this spring.

You are watching: Difference between tom and jake turkey

Basic Definitions

Before us launch right into what makes each of them different, let’s lay the turkey hunting foundation. Simply as a spike buck is very different indigenous a tires buck, jakes and gobblers space both male turkeys – one’s just older 보다 the other.

What is a jake? A jake is an immature masculine bird. How old is a jake turkey? Generally, human being define a jake turkey together a one-year-old bird. Castle can additionally sometimes be confused with hen in the field.What is a gobbler? A gobbler or tom turkey is a mature masculine bird. There will certainly be shifts in physics appearance and also behavior as they gain older, yet a gobbler is basically a gobbler on its 2 year birthday.

Is the wrong or illegal to death a jake rather of a lengthy beard? examine your regional regulations, but the prize is nearly always no as much as the regulation go. Plenty of turkey searching regulations point out you kill a male or “bearded turkey” throughout the spring searching season. Occasionally a mustache turkey is a sad-looking lengthy beard, an average jake, or also a hen. So it yes, really comes under to what you are comfortable shooting. Many civilization take any kind of legal turkey they get the possibility to, if some select to only shoot mature long beards. That goes back to the spike vs. Tires buck – yes nothing have to wrong with either technique as lengthy as you room happy v your decision.

Turkey Beards

As a basic rule, jakes will certainly have quick beards (about 2 come 3 inch in length), if the tom turkey beard deserve to be up to 10 inch or much more (they don’t speak to them longbeards for nothing). Occasionally toms also get many beards, which can be another an excellent sign the maturity. Top top the other hand, occasionally toms lose their beards or undertake them under over time, or jakes will certainly sport long or dual beards. A certain variety of hens will additionally sport a moustache at some point, i beg your pardon is why numerous regulations enable a “bearded turkey” throughout the turkey searching season. In the video below, you’ll check out that while searching these call-shy gobblers, in particular, there to be a surprised super jake encounter.

Tail Fan

During its first summer, a jake molts and loses many of the feathers, as well as the beard and its central tail feathers. Together a result, these main tail feathers commonly stick up 2 to 3 inches above the rest of the fan when the others grow in, developing an awkward, uneven spring fan as soon as they strut. In its 2nd summer, that will commonly molt all of the feathers so that they regrow right into a uniform tail fan. Occasionally, turkeys might lose a few tail feathers to predators or some other reason, so it might look on first glance that the central feathers are longer, yet look carefully. A mature lengthy beard’s tail fan will certainly be uniformly round every over.

See more: What Size Wire Do I Need For A 200 Amp Service Wire Size Copper

Head Color

While a gobbler and also jake have similar colored heads, especially when contrasted to hens, it’s normally slightly different during the spring reproduction season. Jakes have tendency to have actually pale red and blue heads, if mature gobblers will have colorful reds and also blues and also may also have a many white current on the peak and ago of your heads. The white color can really be a telltale sign while turkey searching that the is a mature bird.