There are plenty of different types of clouds, each v an distinctive shape and also location in the sky.Credit: ubraintv-jp.com


Clouds are given various names based on their shape and their height in the sky. Part clouds are puffy favor cotton while others room grey and also uniform. Part clouds are near the ground, while rather are near the peak of the troposphere. The chart on the right reflects where different species of clouds are situated in the sky.

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How are Clouds Classified?

Most clouds deserve to be separated into teams (high/middle/low) based on the elevation of the cloud"s base over the Earth"s surface. Various other clouds are grouped no by their height, but by their unique characteristics, such as developing alongside mountains (Lenticular clouds) or developing beneath existing clouds (Mammatus clouds).

The table below provides information about cloud groups and also any cloud varieties associated with them. Click the cloud pictures in the table come learn more about every cloud type.

Cloud Group and also Height *Cloud Types
High Clouds

5 - 13 km (16,000 - 43,000 ft)

Noctilucent clouds room the highest clouds in the sky, yet they are not associated with weather prefer the remainder of the clouds in this table.

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Middle Clouds

2 - 7 kilometres (7,000 - 23,000 ft)

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Low Clouds

Surface - 2 km (surface - 7,000 ft)

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Clouds v Vertical Growth

Surface - 13 kilometres (surface - 43,000 ft)

Clouds that grow up instead of dispersing out throughout the sky.

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Unusual Clouds

Clouds that type in distinct ways and also are not grouped by height.

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Contrails

5 - 13 km (16,000 - 43, 000 ft)

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* The cloud heights listed in this table are for the mid-latitudes. Cloud heights are different at the tropics and in the polar regions. In addition, a few other cloud species are found in greater layers of the atmosphere. Polar stratospheric clouds are situated in a great of the atmosphere dubbed thestratosphere. Polar mesospheric clouds, i m sorry are additionally called noctilucent clouds, are located in the atmospheric layer called the mesosphere.