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In the wild, lions commonly live no much more than 8 come 10 years due to the fact that of assaults by human beings or various other lions, or the impacts of goring or kicks from intended prey. In captivity, they may live end 25 years.


Lions live in a selection of habitats but prefer grassland, savanna, thick scrub, and also open woodland. Historically, castle lived across much the Europe, Asia, and also Africa, yet now they room mainly uncovered in components of Africa southern of the Sahara.


A proud is a group of lions that live together. The members of a pride invest days in number of scattered groups that accomplish to hunting or share a meal. Every pride has actually its very own territory the it defends, varying from 20 square kilometres (8 square miles) if food is abundant to 400 square kilometres (around 150 square miles) if food is sparse.


Manes do male lions look bigger than they yes, really are, which may function to intimidate rivals and also impress prospective mates. Manes vary from one lion to another and may be totally absent.


Lions normally hunt and eat medium-sized to large hoofed animals like wildebeests, zebras, and also antelopes. Castle occasionally additionally prey on larger animals, especially sick or injured ones, and eat discovered meat such together carrion.


lion, (Panthera leo), large, powerfully developed cat (family Felidae) that is 2nd in size just to the tiger. The proverbial “king of beasts,” the lion has been among the best-known wild animals since earliest times. Lions room most energetic at night and live in a selection of habitats however prefer grassland, savanna, dense scrub, and also open woodland. Historically, they ranged throughout much of Europe, Asia, and also Africa, yet now castle are discovered mainly in components of Africa southern of the Sahara. One isolated population of around 650 Asiatic lions constitute a slightly smaller race that resides under strict security in India’s Gir national Park and also Wildlife Sanctuary.

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General characteristics

The lion is a well-muscled cat v a long body, huge head, and also short legs. Size and also appearance vary considerably between the sexes. The male’s impressive characteristic is his mane, which varies between different individuals and also populations. It might be entirely lacking; it may fringe the face; or it may be full and shaggy, covering the ago of the head, neck, and shoulders and also continuing ~ above the throat and chest to join a fringe along the belly. In some lions the mane and fringe are really dark, almost black, giving the cat a majestic appearance. Manes make males look at larger and also may offer to intimidate rivals or admire prospective mates. A full-grown male is about 1.8–2.1 metres (6–7 feet) long, not included the 1-metre tail; that stands around 1.2 metres high at the shoulder and also weighs 170–230 kg (370–500 pounds). The female, or lioness, is smaller, with a body size of 1.5 metres, a shoulder elevation of 0.9–1.1 metres, and also a load of 120–180 kg. The lion’s coat is short and varies in colour native buff yellow, orange-brown, or silvery gray come dark brown, v a tuft ~ above the tail guideline that is typically darker than the rest of the coat.