**The basic function of statistics is come organize and also summarize data. Data built up in any type of research project are in raw and also unorganized form.Not much definition can be conveyed by life data, uneven the data space arranged or group in a details manner come give much more insight right into the data. Because that example, I desire to conduct a examine to determine the level that customer commitment in mine company. In various other words, I want to find out how plenty of customers love my company and lock will never ever choose another company. In this way, I deserve to learn much more about mine customers. For collecting data, ns can develop an virtual questionnaire and also distrubute randomly amongst my customers. After ~ collecting data, ns will have actually a large mass that data that is meaningless. To explain customer commitment , draw conclusions, or do inferences around customer loyalty, I must organize the data in some meaningful way. The many convenient method of organizing data is to build a**

*frequency distribution.*

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According come Bluman ( 2013), a frequency circulation is the organization of raw data in table form, utilizing classes and also frequencies.You are watching: Are the categories by which data are grouped

**The factors for building a frequency distribution are together follows:**

**To organize the data in a meaningful, easy to understand way.**

**To allow the leader to identify the nature or shape of the distribution.**

**To facilitate computational measures for actions of average and also spread**

**To enable the researcher to attract charts and graphs because that the presentation the data.**

**To enable the leader to make comparisons among different data sets.**

**Two varieties of frequency distributions that are most often used space the categorical frequency distribution and also the grouped frequency distribution.**

**Categorical frequency distribution is offered for qualitative data Nominal & Ordinal**

**Grouped frequency distribution is offered for quantitative data interval & Ratio**

**Grouped frequency distribution****Suppose we desire to identify the age of 50 student in the Statistics class. We first would have to get the data ~ above the eras of the students. As soon as the data space in original form, they are dubbed raw data and are provided next.**

**After collecting data, us will have actually a huge mass that data that are raw and also unorganized form.For organizing data, we should follow the adhering to steps**

**Steps in arranging Data****Arrange data right into an array**

**Decide top top the variety of classes ( k)**

**Calculate the class interval**

**Prepare a tally sheet**

**1: species data into an array.The very first step in organizing the data is to arrange lock in variety so that we have the right to observe the data in a much more meaningful and also systematic manner. Notification that data can be i ordered it from lowest to highest values (ascending order) or from highest possible to lowest values (descending order).2: decision on the number of classes (k)Before creating the classes, we have to decide ~ above the variety of classes. As a general guide the recommended course number need to be between 5 and also 20. However, it’s simply a guide. The course number deserve to be much less than 5 or much more than 20. One more guideline that deserve to be offered in deciding the number of classes is to usage the Sturges’ Rule.3: calculate the course interval (CI)**

**4. Prepare a tally sheet**

**A tally paper is vital to calculate the frequency of instances in each of the seven classes.**

**In the above distribution, the worths 20 and also 24 the the an initial class are dubbed**

*class limits.*The lower class limit is 20; it represents the smallest data worth that have the right to be contained in the class. The upper course limit is 24; it to represent the largest data value that have the right to be included in the first class.**Class boundaries: this numbers are used to different the great so the there space no gaps in the frequency distribution. The gaps are as result of the limits; because that example, there is a gap between 24 and also 25.**

**we can uncover the limits by subtracting 0.5 from 20 (the lower course limit) and adding 0.5 to 24 (the upper course limit). Store in mind that**

*classes need to be support exclusive.*Mutually exclusive classes have actually nonoverlapping class limits so the data can not be put into 2 classes.To find course boundaries:**Subtract the very first upper class limit from the second lower class limit.**

**Divide the difference by 2**

**Subtract this worth from all of the reduced class limits and add the value to all of the upper course limits.**

A accumulation frequency distribution ( CF) is a circulation that shows the variety of data values much less than or same to a details value (usually an upper boundary). It is derived by adding the frequency for that class and also all previous classes. Naturally, a shorter method to execute this would certainly be come just include the cumulative frequency that the class listed below to the frequency the the given class.

**For example, w**

**e can say the 18 ( 36%) college student are much less than or equal to 34.5 years**

**in the third class**

**. Alternatively, 32 (64%) of students are 34.5 year or more.**Relative Frequency shows the relationship of data worths that autumn into a offered class.In part situation, relative frequency is an ext important than the actual number of data worths that loss into that class. Because that example, if we desire to to compare the age circulation of students in statistics class with the age circulation of student in audit class, you would certainly use loved one frequency distributions. The reason is that due to the fact that the populace ofthese 2 classes room different. To convert a frequency right into a ratio or loved one frequency, we need to divide the frequency for each class by the total of the frequencies. The amount of the family member frequencies will constantly be 1.

**Frequency distribution Table in Excel**

**Elementary Statistics Lab utilizing Excel: discover Midpoints, Frequency, Rel Frequency,Cumulative Frequency, Cumulative family member Frequency**--

**The categorical frequency circulation is used for data that deserve to be put in specific categories, such together nominal- or ordinal-level data. For example, data such together political affiliation, religious affiliation, or major field of examine would use categorical frequency distributions.**

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AllA. Frequency DistributionB. Statistical GraphsC. Properties Of Frequency DistributionD. Measure up Of central TendencyE. Actions Of DispersionF. Regular DistributionG.ProbabilityH.PercentilesI. Outliers